What Are the Characteristics of a Population for Which a Mean/Median/Mode Would Be Appropriate? Inappropriate

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Editor’s Note: This Chapter is the continuation of an adaptation of a state plan for disaster preparation and response. In total, the original chapter comprises Chapters 1, 14, 16-18.
Chapter Overview
Many of you are reading this manual as part of your efforts to prepare as a spiritual care professional who will be ready to respond during times of disaster. Your main role will be to provide emotional and spiritual support to those affected by disaster, but it is also critical for you to understand the context in which you will be providing this support—the bigger picture, so to speak.
Disaster relief operations are complex systems having more to them than just a response mechanism. They require a significant amount of pre-planning. Disaster experts have long known that waiting until a disaster strikes to test a community’s response procedures can be disastrous. How communities respond to disaster can even induce more stress on individuals and place them at risk for developing a variety of adverse reactions and psychological consequences. This section takes the first step towards introducing you to the key elements of disaster management and response at multiple levels.
The focus of this chapter is on the framework of disaster planning, preparedness, and response. In the event of a disaster in your community, you may be asked and/or may want to help. It will help you to have an understanding of the structure of the overall response so that you know how your efforts will enhance the overall operation that makes disaster response possible.
Disaster Management Continuum1
All disaster response begins at the local level and as such, communities must be prepared for whatever happens, no matter how big or small. Health care systems play an integral role in a community’s disaster response; therefore, these systems must also be prepared to meet the tremendous challenges…...

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