Water Supply and Sanitation

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Submitted By alicianemo
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A water closet is a room which contains a flush toilet, usually accompanied by a washbowl or sink. The term may also be used to refer specifically to a flush toilet. The development of the flush toilet revolutionized human sanitation, and contributed a number of interesting developments to plumbing and architecture as structures began to be built to accommodate such toilets.
Water closets come in various shapes, designs, and colors. The device is designed to receive human waste and dispose of the waste properly in a sanitary sewer system. Most water closets mount on the floor, but there are models that are wall hung. Modem water closets have various design features which create different flushing actions.


1: Eastern Water Closet (Indian Water Closet)
2: Western Water Closet

1: Eastern Water Closet: This is most commonly used in eastern part from world from Pakistan, to Bangladesh including, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. It is shaped in a way that one has to sit by foot on it. Its basin has inverted slop towards the back side of the closet where a trap excludes the sewer pipe (drain) from it.

2: Western Water Closet: It is very popular and commonly used in western part of the world. It is shaped like a chair and is used in the same manner. It also has slop towards the backside and also connects with the house drain through a trap. It has two types according to the structure (a) One Piece Water Closet which is manufactured in a way that basin and the trap are manufactured together and the (b) Two Piece Water Closet which is manufactured in a way that the basin and trap are manufactured…...

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