Typography Glossary

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Typography
Glossary

STYLES:

Black:
Script with angular outlines developed in Germany which superceded the lighter Roman of the 12th century. The term is also applied to types developed from it, such as Fraktur, Gothic and Old English.

Bold:
A version of the Roman cut with wider stroke. Also called medium, semi-bold, black, super or poster.

Book:
Weight of a typeface suitable for setting large areas of text.

Caps:
Typeset with most or all initials in capitals and other letters in small caps instead of lower case.

Condensed:
A narrower version of the Roman cut.

Decorative:
Fancy or speciality fonts for headings, etc.

Dingbat:
A decorative device usually incorporated with pi format.

Expanded:
Type that is elongated in width proportionate to its height.

Italics:
A version of the Roman cut that angles to the right t some point between 7-20 Degrees.

Oblique:
A slanted version of Roman cut. Often mistakenly referred to as “italics”.

Plain:

Roman:
The basic letterform.

Sans Serif:
A font without decorative serifs. Typically with little stroke thickness variation, a larger x-height and no stress in rounded strokes.

Script:
A typeface designed to imitate handwriting.

Serif:
A small stroke at the end of a main vertical or horizontal stroke. Also used as a classification for typefaces that contain decorative rounded, pointed, square or slab serif finishing strokes.

Slab Serif:
A font with heavy, squared off finishing strokes, low contrast and few curves.

Small Caps:
Capital letters which are smaller than the standard and usually aligned with the x-height of the typeface.

LEADING AND KERNING

Baseline:
Imaginary line on which a line of text sits and is the point from which other elements of type are measured, including x-height and leading.

Kerning:
The removal of unwanted space between letters.…...

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