Transformation of Terrorism

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Transformation of Terrorism Over the past 300+ years terrorism has shifted from driving force to overthrow overbearing governments to a force that strikes anyone who doesn’t follow in line with their beliefs and them tries to validate their actions with religion. The 1700s saw more pirates and looters that were defined as terrorists and the 1800s begin to see terrorists transforming into revolutionaries. By the time the 1900s came about, most terrorist organizations were working with governments with common goals in order to carry out their attacks. Terrorism during the 1700s focused both on personal gain as well as overthrowing an established government. Some of the most recognizable terrorists acts of the 1700s consisted of pirates pillaging from other naval vessels. All throughout the waters of North Africa were pirates who targeted both private and government owned ships in order to steal its cargo along with the ship and personnel. Many individuals and governments had to pay off these “terrorists” in order for their ships and its cargo to safely reach its destination(1). Another example of terrorism during the 1700s, which was aimed towards a standing government, was the French Revolution. The French Revolution lasted from 1789-1799 and was aimed at removing the current monarchy that was ruling France(2). The revolutionists employed violence, including mass executions by guillotine, in order to intimidate the regime's enemies and compel obedience from the state(3). There were also many other examples including the Wahhabi movement to “purify” Islam in Arabia in 1735 and the tribe of Saud beginning to spread reform by violence in 1773(2). Shortly after the word “terrorism” entered many Europeans vocabulary around 1798, it took a drastic change in the 1800s. The 1800s saw more of a shift towards the the non-governmental groups terrorizing others for their…...

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