The Prediction of Stress by Values and Value Conflict

In: Business and Management

Submitted By okomoto
Words 5613
Pages 23
The Journal of Psychology, 2005, 139(4), 369–382

The Prediction of Stress by Values and Value Conflict
DAVE BOUCKENOOGHE MARC BUELENS Department Of People and Organization Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Belgium JOHNNY FONTAINE Department of Personnel Management, Work, and Organizational Psychology Gent University, Belgium KARLIEN VANDERHEYDEN Department of People and Organization Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Belgium

ABSTRACT. The authors investigated the relationships among stress, values, and value conflict. Data collected from 400 people working in a variety of companies in Flanders indicated that the values of openness to change, conservation, self-transcendence, and self-enhancement were important predictors of stress. Participants open to change reported less stress, whereas participants who had high scores on conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence perceived more stress. People who reported high value conflict also experienced more stress. Separate analyses for men and women showed that there were gender differences in the relationships observed between the 4 value types and stress. These data have noteworthy theoretical and practical implications. Key words: stress, values and value conflict

CONSIDERABLE SKEPTICISM AND CONFUSION exist in research on values because of the plethora of questionnaires and definitions that have been used in the past (Hofstede, 1984; Kluckhohn, 1951; Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz & Bilsky, 1987; Super, 1980). This situation has resulted in the use of different value dimensions lacking universal replicability (Roe & Ester, 1999). In his path-breaking work, Schwartz (1992, 1994) addressed this issue and generated a comprehensive typology based on a theoretical analysis of the uniAddress correspondence to Dave Bouckenooghe, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Department of People and…...

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