The American Revolution

In: Historical Events

Submitted By christinapenh
Words 879
Pages 4
Christina Penh
Mr. Jobs
AP American History
2012 Summer Assignment

The American Revolution: A History by Gordon S. Wood

Many people mistake the American Revolution for the American War of Independence, but Gordon S. Wood saw it as something more: it was a complete change in the political structure of America. The American Revolution: A History provides a great swift account of the conflicts and motivations of the period from 1760 to 1790. According to Wood his main points, are: “How the Revolution came about, what its character was, and what its consequences were” as “the questions this brief history seeks to answer”(Wood, xxv). He tries to focus more on the important details instead of trying to argue whether or not the consequences of the Revolution were good or bad.
The story is told clearly and is a great overview of the historical, political, and intellectual ideas and events that make up this fascinating time in our country’s history. It is detailed and goes in-depth, exploring all aspects of the Revolution. It includes maps, a time-line and quotes from colonists and people who were there.
In order to explain his reasoning, he demonstrates how the United States was impacted by the radical revolution, transitioning from English colonies to an independent republic. This is why his book is organized into seven chapters: Origins, American Resistance, Revolution, Constitution-Making and War, Republicanism, Republican Society, and the Federal Constitution. Only fourteen out of two-hundred pages are focused on the actual military conflict and the longest chapter is “Republican Society.” This chapter shows the reader where Wood's main points are. He starts narrowing down the origins of the American Revolution to three main points: the growth of the American population, economic expansion, and the reform of the British Empire. These points "demanded that…...

Similar Documents

American Revolution

...The American War for Independence: Sea Power, Joint and Combined Operations: Question 7. Given the overwhelming British victories in New York and New Jersey in 1776, how was General Washington able to avoid catastrophic defeat and eventually win the war? By Julie Moss A paper submitted to the Faculty of the Naval War College in partial satisfaction of the requirements of the Department of Strategy and War. The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsed by the Naval War College or the Department of the Navy. Signature: /JKM/ BACKGROUND Following the French-Indian War, The American Revolution began between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the former British colonies in North America. The British power was trying to overwhelm the colonists of New America with many acts, such as the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act, and the Intolerable Acts, all of which were deemed illegitimate by the colonists and in violation of the rights as Englishmen. For the most part, colonists were trying to reject the oligarchies that were common in Europe and started to believe in Republicanism based on the Enlightenment. Many leaders took part in this Revolution; one of the most important of whom was General George Washington. His role was vital in the victory for Americans and their freedom from the power of Britain. As the war for independence approached, Washington was known throughout the American Colonies for his courage and military......

Words: 2943 - Pages: 12

American Revolution

... The American and French Revolutions: Compared and Contrasted The history of the human race always has been, and most likely will always be, that of evolution and revolution. – Lewis F. Korns, Thoughts A revolution occurs when one government is overthrown and replaced with another (Yahoo). The American and French revolutions can be both compared and contrasted in their origins and outcomes. Both revolutions began due to the common peoples’ need to obtain independence and liberty from an oppressive government (2). The American Revolution was triggered by the American colonists’ need for financial independence from the overpowering nation of Great Britain, while the French revolution was a struggle to gain social equality among the masses. Although the American and French Revolutions were fought over some of the same ideas, the American Revolution is considered more "conservative" than the French is (2). The intent of the American revolutionaries was not to initiate a revolution, but rather to gain their freedom from a "long train of abuses" (Jensen). In contrast, the French were trying to cause a true revolution because they were not just fighting for freedom but rather to over throw and remove the monarchy (3). The American revolutionaries had no choice but to defend their liberties and the tactics used by the Americans were not as directly aggressive as those used by the French. The American and French......

Words: 2424 - Pages: 10

American Revolution

...Sohee Kang England's Vietnam essay The devastation of the French and Indian war left the British in heavy debt, which then led to the various acts and taxes imposed on the colonies. Starting in 1764 with the sugar act and ending with the conclusion of the revolution in 1783, many factors contributed to the defeat of the British. Mostly due to vast distance of the mother country from the colonies, it was difficult for England to supply themselves with soldiers, food, and weapons. Other factors that contributed to their defeat were the alliance between the Americans and England’s bitter rivals such as the Spanish and French, who sent soldiers and supplies to the colonies, as well as England’s own strategical follies. In the aftermath of the French and Indian war, England’s parliament taxed the colonies heavily to recover from the debt by passing various Acts that taxed materials such as sugar, paper, and tea. This caused the unrest and dissent among the Americans which was then followed by resistance and oppression. After several years of uneasiness, a violent battle occurred in Lexington and Concord on April 19 1775, which marked the beginning of the American Revolution. George III then proceeded to begin and quickly end a war against the colonies to set an example of them. This method, however, required vast numbers of soldiers and other supplies, which was scarce and hard to obtain due to the distance separating the opposing sides. Even if the British did......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

The American Revolution

...The American Revolution (1775-1783) Have you ever sat and actually wondered how the United States came about? The American Revolution which is also known as the American War of Independence played an important role in the formation, of what we see today as the United States. The American Revolution was a conflict between the thirteen British colonies in North America and their mother country Great Britain. The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775 and ended on September 3, 1783. There are several causes to how the American Revolution came about. Among these causes are The Stamp Act, The Townshend Acts, The Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party. The Stamp Act, which was passed in 1765, was Parliament’s first serious attempt to assert governmental authority over the thirteen colonies. It was an act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, in the British occupied colonies. The main purpose of these taxes was to help Britain pay for the troops stationed in North America. Not only the British colonies in America, but even the British merchants and manufacturers opposed the act, and the exports to the colonies were threatened by colonial economic problems caused by the taxes The Townshend Acts were a series of acts passed in January 1767, by the Britain Parliament. These acts primarily included the Revenue Act of 1767, the Commissioners of Customs Act, the Vice Admiralty Court Act, the Indemnity Act and the New York Restraining Act. The sole purpose......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

American Revolution

...American Revolution Section one American Revolution dates back to the early colonial years. During the stat of the year 1650, Great Britain began to control, limit and restrict their American colonists by forcing them to follow and adhere to some of harsh rule such as the Navigation Act. This restriction took effect alongside many more restrictions. Thus between the year 1650 and 1776, a number of the colonists found it difficult to enjoy freedom and finally they opted to unite and rebel against their home country. Among the causes of revolution were high taxation, legacy in political issues and general restriction of civil liberals. All these added up to the strong forces that propelled the colonists to revolve. This section is going to answer the big question whether or not the American Revolution was successful and the major reasons behind the success. To start with, the American Revolution was indeed successful. Several aspects highly contributed to this success. Americans were under what we can describe as the strongest and one of the most stable leadership ever in the region. For instance, they were led by people like General Washington George who were extremely skilled and mastered the entire terrain of the country. The Britain forces came from across the Atlantic Ocean and they had no prior knowledge and experience of the American revolutionaries combat. In addition, the British had a general problem of transporting and supplying their equipment across the large......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

American Revolution

...American Revolution BEFORE THE REVOLUTION Socially and economically, the thirteen British colonies in North America fell into two groups. The southern colonies, Virginia the largest among them, had largely plantation-based agrarian economies dominated by a planter elite and worked by African and African-American slave laborers. These plantations focused on cash crop production for the Atlantic economy. The northern colonies had relatively large commercial and handicraft sectors, dominated by mercantile capitalists and worked by indentured servants and free artisan labor. Northern agriculture featured a large population of small, independent farmers, and its scale was much smaller than in the southern colonies. Slavery was part of the northern economy but not to the same extent as in the south. Also present in the colonies were two groups that formed direct links with other world societies: the British colonial government, consisting of both administrators and soldiers, and members of Indian nations living both outside and within the boundaries of the colonies themselves. CAUSES In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, European states passed laws to protect their own commercial interests. These laws, taken together, formed an economic system called mercantilism. The mercantilist system of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries benefited colonial elites while enriching European governments. But by the second half of the eighteenth century, many colonists began......

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

American Revolution

...Reasons for the American Revolution The King of England and Parliament were the direct causes of the American Revolution, because of their demands on colonists and harsh reactions after the colonists failure to meet their ridiculous expectations. These demands were far greater than any loyal American was able to provide. The taxes placed on Americans were so heinous that the sugar in their mugs was taxable. Survival while paying these taxes was slim to none. How could Britain force such severe taxes on the greatest asset of the crown. The Stamp Act forced the colonies to purchase a stamp with prices of upwards of four pounds on all legal papers, advertisements, newspapers, calendars, and playing cards. The colonists politely petitioned Parliament and the King but only to find they were speaking to a deaf ear. The Quartering Act was the worst demand placed on colonists. This forced colonists to provide food and shelter to men who took American jobs and raped American women. Why should Americans waste their hard earned money on men sent to enforce the unbearable English demands. The Currency Act hurt colonists by making paper money, which Americans had an abundance of, useless and converting them to gold and silver which was very scarce there. The American sailors were also subject to hardships brought forth by the British. They were forced by impressment to join the Royal Navy to fight against their own brothers. By......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

American Revolution

...The American Revolution was a political upheaval that formed our independent nation. Revolution is an event in which many countries sometimes experience. Many things can cause a revolution to occur whether its social political or economic, which influence the development of revolutionary forces. Historically, revolutions have caused both positive and negative forces on countries, such as The American Revolution which had a very big impact on the U.S. Not only did the American revolution make our nation independent ,it also gave birth to our new government, democracy, affected women socially, and also an economic increase which gave our country prosperity. An example of a revolution can be seen on the movie V for Vendetta. It takes place in future England, where a man, who calls himself V, is a Guy Fawkes mask. He tries to overthrow the oppressive fascist government. A major revolution was the American Revolution which was when British government raised a revenue by taxing the colonies " notably the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Tariffs of 1767 and the Tea Act of 1773 met with heated protest among many colonists.” Although the American revolution could have been looked at as successful politically, socially, and economically some aspects of the revolution were negative, such as dance collapse and entered a violent era known as the French Revolution because of servers dept. Another negative aspect about the American revolution was the fact that 9 out of every 10 Americans......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

American Revolution

...The American Revolution was a momentous event that changed the face of the whole world. Though the Revolutionary War lasted only a few short years, the American Revolution was a process that started long before the first shots of war were fired. The rebellion was permeated with the legacy of colonial political ideals, aggravated by parliamentary taxation, escalated by the restriction of American civil liberties and ignited by British military measures. England had a hard time controlling its American colonies from the very beginning, leaving them to develop relatively on their own for several generations. The North American continent is close to 3,000 miles away from England and the trip from England to American by boat in the 1600s took six to eight weeks if not longer. The trip was not easy and many died along the way, but when immigrants did reach the New World they arrived a bit changed by their harrowing journey. These new immigrants were met with a clean, new, virgin land, virtually unchanged for thousands of years. It was as if they had landed on a whole separate planet. These immigrants, then, established new societies based on whatever personal religious or political values they had, far from the shadow of England. Over 150 years later these values still lived strongly in the descendants of these original settlers. The rights of the individual were dominant in every aspect of American life in 1763. From the relative religious freedom, to the independence of the......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

The American Revolution

...The American Revolution is best described, with a parallel to the Gettysburg Address given many years later, as a revolution of the people, by the people. This social revolution took place in response to the neglect shown toward the American colonies by the British government. Many final decisions were made and imposed upon the colonists without taking their opinions into account. The slogan of the time, “no taxation without representation”, was indicative of the colonist’s feelings toward these decisions. Although there were many peaceful pleas and bargains offered by the colonists, the British government failed to meet the needs of their citizens in the New World. These colonists responded aggressively to the British policies in an act to fulfill the very dream that led them to the Americas: escaping lives of deprivation and inequality. Because of the ample peace offerings and pleas of the American colonies, the American Revolution was absolutely avoidable. If Parliament had decided to take the colonists’ opinions into consideration by providing them with equal representation, the American Revolution could have never been a part of history. However, because of Britain’s failure to respond in a cooperative fashion, the only remaining question was how much longer would the colonists put up with subordination before revolting. Some of the policies that the colonists voted against were the Navigation and Intolerable Acts – policies that restricted the transportation of the......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

American Revolution

...American Revolution Political revolution didn’t occur in my country, I think the revolution happened in United State is a good thing, some of the good things about the American revolution are America gotten its independence, and brought about a freer where there wasn’t a monarch on the throne, the governor was the one who judge every one and do whatever he want, the main cancer of the American is not to be punished without reason or paying too much tax without any reason or protection, because that time British use to send the army to collect money from the colony with no reason or any benefit for the people. In 1765 the Americans clones rejected the authority of the British Parliament to pay the tax, comes at a time when the British was deep in debt from the seven years of war (1756-63) and looking to the North American colonies as a source of money. After a couple of years the American des-obey the order from British Parliament and refuse to pay the taxes and the war began. In Saudi Arabia my country the legal system is not the same of any other country, Saudi Arabia legal system is based on the religion of Islam and holy book Quran it make it the most complicated legal system. The court in Saudi Arabia system was created by King Abdulaziz in 1932, if the issue is simple the decisions are made without juries and usually by one judge. Criminal law punishments in Saudi Arabia are cutting head in public place in front of the people to let the lesson and sermon,......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

American Revolution

...Joey Abualrob American Revolution Persuasive Essay The American Revolutionary War forever changed the idea of a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” and took the first steps in bringing an end to the world’s last great true empire. The reasons the Americans decided to break free from Great Britain are numerous, but the British Empire’s sense of superiority was the most important reason. Also important was the failure of the British Parliament to address the needs and growing discontent of Americans weary of “taxation without representation.” Colonists also began to oppose rule from Britain because of ideas developing in new intellectual schools of thought like the Enlightenment. King George III’s arrogance was well founded in the 1760s, but it led to poor decision making. Early in his reign, the British had resoundingly defeated France in the Seven Years’ War to become the dominant power both in North America and on the Asian subcontinent. This dominance clearly created a false sense of security and as the British Empire continued to grow, its central authority, or ability to control its ever-expanding colonies, weakened significantly. Great Britain’s failure to recognize its weaknesses and its foolish decision to respond to every colonial expression of discontent with a tightening of the noose effectively sealed it into an everescalatingspiral of conflict. The conflict could have been avoided and King George III......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

American Revolution

...THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Name Course Date The American Revolution When armed conflict between the British soldiers and the thirteen American colonies started in April 1775, the English men were fighting only for their rights while remaining subjects of the British crown. It was after the war had developed in full swing that the American colonists started demanding for independence from the British government, forcing the delegates from the Continental Congress to cast a vote on the matter. In June 1776, a committee of five men including John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson were given the task of drafting an official statement of the intentions of the colonies. It was after this that the Congress adopted the independence declaration that was written by Jefferson on 4 July. Currently, the date is celebrated as the day when America attained her independence. The American Revolution occurred due to a series of intellectual, political and social transformations that occurred in the way of thinking of the American society and government. For instance, in 1764, the Government of Britain imposed a series of taxes that were designed to raise the amount of tax that was imposed on the colonies. The American Revenue Act became the Sugar act, whose major component involved increasing the amount of tax that was imposed on sugar. These events impacted both on the social and political life of the thirteen colonies. The success of the American Revolution gave the......

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

American Revolution

...The American Revolution was a political upheaval by the thirteen American colonies. The thirteen colonies wanted to break away from the British government and form their own independent government. The American Revolutionary War was a result of the colonies being fed up with the laws being passed upon them and how they were being treated by the British government. There were many events that led up to the colonies wanting to break from the British government. Some of the events that led to this uprising, to only name a few, included The French and Indian War (part of the Seven Years’ War), the Boston Tea Party, and the Boston Massacre. There were also many individuals that helped cause the revolution and there were those that helped lead the colonists in their victorious separation from the British government. The French and Indian War was the start of the colonists beginning to become fed up with how the British government was governing them. The war resulted in the British gaining more land in North America, but it also resulted in the British government becoming more demanding and more controlling when it came to the American colonists and their lives (Hewitt and Lawson, 131). During this war, it did not look like the British were going to win. They lost many wars in North America. And when it looked like France would win this war, the British government put a new person in charge of their war efforts, William Pitt. Pitt placed more soldiers and more weapons in North......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

American Revolution

...American Revolution- The Only Way Out I strongly opposed Thomas Chalmers’ argument. He portrays a very partisan perspective on situation in Americans. It goes without saying that he is a beneficiary of heinous act of the Britons. Taking freedom of American and enslaving them in their own land couldn’t be justified in any way. It beats logic when Chalmers asserts that the British law boasts as the best ever when it couldn’t guarantee the most basic right of people. All men are equal before the law. That is what I believe and stand for. It bothers me so much that my hard work as a merchant would end up in the hands of someone who believe to have more rights than others. That why is fully support the sentiments what Paine advocated for. How for instance can you live in a nation where there is no freedom? How about paying tax to a government that you have not part of it? No representation, no voice, just living like a slave. This oppression could push any ordinary man to the limit, leaving with only one option, to fight. And this brings me to American Revolution. What else would we have done? It was the only way out to redeem ourselves from the claws of British imperialist. No motivation could be better that Paine’s article, “Plain Truth” Paine, reminded us that we are men just like they are. The outcome speaks for itself. America attained freedom for all her people, to be e...

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

→ Download | Peugeot 306 Boot Lock Badge Emblem Domed Resin Vinyl Decal 8726L4 8726H3 8726L2 | Season 3 Episode 7 Summer Vacation