Stigma

In: People

Submitted By usarmymedic25
Words 597
Pages 3
Nathan Letourneau
25 Jan, 2013
MWF 2:00pm
Abnormal Psychology
Reflection Paper #1: Stigma Isaac Newton, Abraham Lincoln, Beethoven, these are all extraordinary men that played a major role in history, but what most people don’t seem to know about many of these men, is that they all lived with a mental illness. These men that people would call “Abnormal” for their mental illness today, all set an example and showed that people with mental illnesses can accomplish just as much and even more than let’s say “normal” people. Yet there is still a stigma today were people think that people with mental illnesses are weak minded or even dangerous. The fact of the matter is, that people living with a mental illness are no more violent then someone without one, and are often the victims of a crime. There have been so many people in the world that have done so many great things and have even learned to control their illness. Someone close to me in my life battled bulimia for over a year, and I shared the same house as them yet still had no idea, that she had this mental illness! We started noticing how thin she was getting, but didn’t really think very much of it until one day we found out what she was doing. I didn’t know what to think and I would never have guessed that I was living with someone with this problem. We tried for months and worked together to help her get through it but she always seemed to go back to doing it, when we thought she was fine again. It didn’t take until she was going to have a baby, that finally realized what she was doing had to stop. This made me wonder how many people I interacted in a day could be living with a mental illness and just need some help, or someone to talk to. Being a medic in the army, I have ran into many people with illness, but the one that I thought was the most serious was the people I knew with PTSD.…...

Similar Documents

Hiv Disease Stigma

...Erving Goffman was one of the first sociologists to write about disease stigma. Goffman thought that people were stigmatized by others on the basis of being different, and this “deviance” results in “spoiled identity.” (Bios Sociologicus:) Singling people out as different devalues their social position. This idea of stigma focused on the social/psychological processes of being stigmatized and the consequences of stigma. Using a variety of qualitative methods, Goffman developed classifications of the different elements of social interaction. (Goffman E. 1971) Goffman made contributions to the related fields of the sociology of mental illness and the sociology of stigma. Goffman defined a stigma as a ‘deeply discrediting’ attribute in the context of a set of relationships. He distinguished three types: abominations of the body, blemishes of character and tribal stigmata. (Bios Sociologicus:) Goffman knew that the handling of possibly damaging information was critical for three aspects of our identity: “the ‘personal’, the ‘social’ and the ‘ego”. (Tarwireyi F.) Our personal identity is what makes each of us unique and it consists of fingerprints of our life histories. Our identity is what others understand about us. Our ego identity refers to what we think about ourselves. In one part of Stigma Goffman suggested that we are all, to some degree, stigmatized. (Bios Sociologicus:) There is a huge amount of inequalities in health that we see within and between countries...

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Stigma

...It is important that we look at a broader aspect of how the stigmas affect us as a whole when we are considering the effects of our education and team effort in combating suicide. Now we can focus on the aspects of what are indicators for suicide and how to intentionally seek out the behaviors associated with it but we need to broaden and encompass a variety of stigmas associated with the work force that in face discourage seeking help and put a strain on an already decayed system. We have made headway in deterring many different ill effects of such things as poor choices in ASAP program measures and in our programs widely for domestic violence. In the historic nature of suicide we focus entirely on the pony at hand with out encompassing a variety of stigmas associated with the causation and effects that bring someone to even erupt with an already pre notioned idea. Best put a permanent solution for a temporary problem. If we fail to recognize these stigmas and their effects as well we turn our heads from the underlying things as leaders we can do to bring it around. I am not saying coddle the Soldier I am saying with education there must be presented realistic goals and options to the stigmas we have created. Physical Birth Profile Recovery A person told that the promise of their getting out of the military on information that is a stigma and is not based on the validity of fact causes the continued degrading of trust and confidence that the Soldier......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

The Stigma of Mental Illness and Its Effects

...The Stigma of Mental Illness and its Effects It appears that negative views of mental illness are common with in the public. According to Overton & Medina people suffering from mental illness are often portrayed as weird, defensive, and sometimes hard to talk to. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (1990), mental illness is defined as, “mentally distorted, mad, or crazy” (Russel, 1990). Generally, concepts about mental illness tend to be subjective, leading to difficulties in defining mental illness. Johnstone (2001) gives a broader definition of mental illness, believing that mental illness relates to the individuals spectrum of cognitions, emotions, and behaviors that damper relationships required for work, home, and in the learning facilities (Johnstone, 2001). This definition is also referenced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994), which categorizes the symptoms that are used to diagnose mental illness (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Stigmatizing individuals with mental illness are causing these individuals to suffer loss of employment, housing, and stereotyping, and prejudice. There have been many different thoughts this is not research on the topic of stigma due to mental illness. This study discusses the true definitions of stigma, causes, effects, impact of the programs all ready in place, and what can be done to change the perception of the general public .......

Words: 2549 - Pages: 11

Stigma

...stigma and mental illness It appears that negative views of mental illness are common with in the public. According to Overton & Medina people suffering from mental illness are often portrayed as weird, defensive, and sometimes hard to talk to. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (1990), mental illness is defined as, “mentally distorted, mad, or crazy” (Russel, 1990). Generally, concepts about mental illness tend to be subjective, leading to difficulties in defining mental illness. Johnstone (2001) gives a broader definition of mental illness, believing that mental illness relates to the individuals spectrum of cognitions, emotions, and behaviours that damper relationships required for work, home, and in the learning facilities (Johnstone, 2001). This definition is also referenced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which categorizes the symptoms that are used to diagnose mental illness. 8 out of 10 people in Australia who experiences mental disorder will more like will experience stigma, stigma is a the behaviour of people toward people with mental disorders, stigma has been seen on many people, Stigma refers to negative, unfavorable attitudes and the behavior they produce. There are many people who experience mental disorders and when they newly get depression they don't go and ask for professional treatment because they don't want to be labeled and they don't want people calling them names, that is why a lot of people who get......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Stigma of Alcohol Abuse

...STIGMA OF ALCOHOL ABUSE Verdean Rogers May 08, 2014 “MAT 135/179-360, Spring Semester 2014”. Stigma Assessment of Alcohol Abuse Alcohol is a road often traveled yet there is no light at the end. The road only leads to a life of depression, anxiety, anger, stress, and much more. These are all, unwanted personality traits that we experience at one time or another. However, alcoholics exhibit these traits day in and day out as the likelihood that they act in these ways is nearly doubled when alcohol is involved. Alcohol inhibits not only daily bodily functions but our minds as well. Alcoholism leads to times of withdrawal, low self-esteem, and an overall unwillingness to be part of society. It turns the gentlest person into a raving psychopath without them even knowing it or if they do know, they refuse to admit it. Alcoholism manipulates the way we think and the way we react in common, everyday situations. Minor problems are blown out of proportion while major problems are faced with anger, resentment, and often physical force. Alcoholism does nothing positive for an individual. It has many harmful effects and its effects on personality are the most harmful of all. In this study, we will examine how alcohol is metabolized by the body, affects alcohol has on the brain, and the influence of alcohol and gender on immune response. In chemistry terms, alcohol is an organic compound where a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bonded to a carbon atom from an alkyl. A hydroxyl group...

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Social Stigmas

...Social Stigmas Andre Dunham Strayer University What are Stigmas? Stigma is defined as: 1. a mark of disgrace or infamy; a stain or reproach, as on one’s reputation (www.dictionary.com). I’ve chosen the Article Social Stigmas by Heidi Goar to help understand what Social Stagmas are and, how to identify the different types of Social Stigmas that are out there. The information obtained in the Article for the most part is a review of existing research. The author used studies from other Scientist such as Erving Goffman (1922-1982) and Emile Durkhein to support her claims. What I’ve learned about Social Stigmas is that you don’t want to be placed in one. Once you are placed in one, the stigmatized person could be labeled as inferior and could suffer a loss in status in the community. One could have a stigma placed on them because of something they have done, such as the criminally deviant. Stigmas can also be placed on someone who has certain health conditions, such as Leprosy or AIDS. I also learned from Erving Goffmans’ Stigma: Notes on the Management of a Spoiled Identity that there are two types of stigmatized members: discreditable and discredited. A discreditable person has yet to be found out. A discredited person has either already revealed his/her position, been exposed, or cannot conceal the stigma. Goffman also says that there are Six Dimensions of Stigma that match the discreditable and discredited stigma. They are listed below: 1. Concealable...

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Phyical Stigmas

...Baker University 9/15/14 Stigma: a mental or physical mark that is characteristic of a defect or disease (www.dictary.com). Or a mark or mental issue that sets you apart from others in society. No stigma is a fun thing to deal with but I believe that visible stigmas are a better thing to have, because some of them heal, and if even a certain visible stigma doesn’t heal people have already judged you when they see you so you have nothing to hide. And nonvisible stigmas can cause people to not participate in class, be afraid to try to make friends, and try so hard to hide it they may not even be acting like their true selves. There are two different types of stigmas. There is a visible stigma, which is mark, scare, or maybe even a deformity on the exterior of your body. Some visible stigmas heal, like smaller scares, red marks, and some cuts. So it may be embarrassing at the time but in time it will up, and you won’t have to deal with it anymore. Other things like deformities or any in normality can sometimes be covered up. But even if they can’t be covered up then people already see them so you may be embarrassed people have already judged you, so you can at least wear it with attitude. Then there are nonvisible stigmas. These are the stigmas that aren’t visible, such as ADD, dyslexia, autism, multi-personality disorder, and other learning disabilities or mental health issues. Yeah people may not be able to tell that you have a stigma when you’re walking down......

Words: 842 - Pages: 4

Stigma

...What is stigma? Three out of four people with a mental illness report that they have experienced stigma. Stigma is a mark of disgrace that sets a person apart. When a person is labelled by their illness they are seen as part of astereotyped group. Negative attitudes create prejudice which leads to negative actions and discrimination. Stigma brings experiences and feelings of: * shame * blame * hopelessness * distress * misrepresentation in the media * reluctance to seek and/or accept necessary help Families are also affected by stigma, leading to a lack of support. For mental health professionals, stigma means that they themselves are seen as abnormal, corrupt or evil, and psychiatric treatments are often viewed with suspicion and horror. A 2006 Australian study found that * nearly 1 in 4 of people felt depression was a sign of personal weakness and would not employ a person with depression * around a third would not vote for a politician with depression * 42% thought people with depression were unpredictable * one in 5 said that if they had depression they would not tell anyone * nearly 2 in 3 people surveyed thought people with schizophrenia were unpredictable and a quarter felt that they were dangerous Some groups are subjected to multiple types of stigma and discrimination at the same time, such as people with an intellectual disability or those from a cultural or ethnic minority. How can we challenge stigma? We all have......

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Effect of Social Stigma on the Mentally Ill

...Evaluation of whether biogenetic explanations of mental illness help or hinder efforts to reduce social stigma associated with these conditions “People suffering from mental illness and other mental health problems are among the most stigmatized, discriminated against, marginalized, disadvantaged and vulnerable members of our society” (Johnstone, 2001). Wrong assumptions and undesirable judgements connected with mental illness may be as damaging as the disease itself. Schizophrenia may cause hallucinations including violence. Depression could cause thought of laziness and substance abuse. Social stigma reduces opportunities available for people with serious mental illnesses (Johnstone, 2001). Medicalization is expected to be a strategy that could be used to reduce blame and stigma, although those who oppose this have said to proceed with caution as attributing mental illness to biogenetic causes may cause unnecessary side effects that could worsen prejudice and rejection (Kvaale, 2013). This essay will review the definitions of mental illness and stigma and the impact that social stigma has on people with these illnesses. It will look at whether increased ‘medicalization’ of mental illness, as thought by the biogenetic explanations, has any impact on public attitudes towards people with such illnesses. Perceptions on mental illness is not always accurate as definitions have mostly been biased over the years. One of the definitions used to describe the mentally ill......

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Disability and Social Stigma

...Health Practitioner Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Disability and Social stigma. The production focuses on the various forms of disability that are common in the society, i.e. blindness, deafness, mental disability and other physical impairments. It is a sign that can be used in various mediums such as on signposts, in the electronic media and communicates the message effectively since it is just simple. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (2013), disability can be defined as “a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses or activities.” From this definition alone, disability is seen as a limiting factor or problem. There are two models that view disability from different points of view. The medical model sees disability as a problem that needs fixing, more like a malfunctioning machine. The social model emphasizes that disability is a problem created by the society and not actually existing in the individual by creating unequal outcomes for physically impaired people as compared to able bodied persons. It brings out the difference between disability and impairment (Carson, 2009). The fact that society itself views them as a minority group is the reason I chose this group (I personally have a passion for taking care of the disadvantaged in the society). The society is responsible for all the stigma and stereotyping that is associated with disabled people thus making their lives unnecessarily hard.......

Words: 1058 - Pages: 5

About the Stigma

...About the Stigma In essence, stigma is a kind of negative label on some individuals or groups, which has a serious impact on them that stigmatized people always suffered unfair treatment and were marked as unworthy. As is known to us, stigma is always connected with the lower social situation, poverty, disability, homosexuality and some other situation, and it jumps into professionals’ sigh since last decade, which means stigma has been considered as a serious social problem finally, and there is an upward tendency of people pay more attention on it. What is stigma? “The term stigma comes from ancient Greece, where it meant a ‘bodily sign designed to expose something unusual and bad about the moral status of [an individual].’” (Rosenblum & Travis, Framwork , 2012)This is the origin of stigma, and it is like an old penalty in ancient China that criminals were forced to be painted a tattoo on their face before they were exiled. It seems that ancient people were using similar ways to distinguish and mark people who were “bad”. And then, Goffman brought the word stigma into sociology to define the situation that some people are judged and classified into a group as unworthy because of their disability, race, sex, sexual orientation or some other social categories else. The first step of stigma is to classify the so-called unusual people to another group and naming them to show the difference, such as “gay”, “lesbian”, “black” and so on. And then, stigmatized people or group is......

Words: 1734 - Pages: 7

Stigma

...I am a crip. From the navy blue bandana on my head, to the crispy Chuck Taylors on my feet. This is the life that I live by night. My family’s reputation gives me no choice. Either the truth about me is revealed and I am discredited(pg. 4), or I live a life of hypocrisy. My father is a deacon in the church, my mother -- a Sunday school teacher, my sister, the youth president, and my brother an usher. As for me, well, I’m in the choir. I can’t sing extremely well, but well enough to receive a courtesy stigma by members of my church because every other member of my family played an impactful role, and the church itself was founded in our living room. They feel indebted so of course I was “a young anointed boy with the potential to “lead” many people to Christ.” At least, that’s what they say. My gangster family and my biological family could never learn of each other, so I had no choice but to become a master of information control. Back on the West Side, on 2nd Ave & 48th street I’m breaking down weed in my brand new grinder at 7: 15 am. The big yellow school bus should be here by 7:30, that gives me enough time to break it down and put it in the baggies to make sales throughout the school day. I go to Palisades Charter High school, in other words one of the predominantly white schools in Los Angeles County. Its no question, my parents want me out the hood, little did they know they couldn’t take the hood out of me. I put a glob of hair grease in my hair and spray a......

Words: 2268 - Pages: 10

Stigma on Obesity

...Stigma on obesity Stigma is often unfair. It does not consider the feelings of the people involved. It is a collection of various negative principals that people have about something. Stigma of obesity is causing psychological problems to the people that are obese. These people are disadvantaged when it comes to various issues just because they are obese. Adults as well as children face this stigmatization. Most of them are viewed as lazy, weak-willed and less intelligent as compared to the non-obese people. People see them as sick people who are not willing to do anything about their bodies. When it comes to issues such as; marriage, employment and educational issues, the obese face serious discrimination. Such discrimination has adverse effects on the physical health of the obese (Puhl and Heuer p1). Stigmatization may cause emotional problems when obesity is assumed to be easily prevented by self-control. Thus, the obese person is viewed as a failure. At work obese people are seen as lazy, less competent and lack self-discipline (Puhl and Heuer p2). They are rarely promoted and more often paid less as compared to others are also they more prone to layoffs. In school obese students are bullied or teased by their peers. The teachers also have biased attitudes towards them. Stigmatization causes physical health, psychological and social consequences to the people involved. It can result in depression, low self-esteem, excessive dieting, and anorexia among other......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Aids Stigma in the United States

...Task 2: AIDS Stigma in the United States Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a widespread disease in the United States that affects millions of people. There are a myriad of issues facing people with AIDS. One pervasive matter is the one of stigma associated with the illness. In some cases, the stigma is as devastating as the effects of the illness itself. HIV was first diagnosed in the United States in the 1980’s and since then has become an epidemic. AIDS is described as a severely decreased immunity to infections and malignancies. Once a person is diagnosed with HIV it may take months or years to get to the point of AIDS. The stigma of AIDS prevails as one of the leading challenges facing the people infected. Discrimination, abuse, mistreatment, shunning, and prejudice are some of the ways that people diagnosed with the disease are treated. The discrimination may be displayed by family members, peers, co-workers, healthcare providers as well as the general public. (“HIV & AIDS Stigma”, 2014). From where does the stigma arise? It emerges from various places. Societal fears such as that of catching the disease along with their personal beliefs of how the disease is spread, is one prominent thought among groups in society. Some of these beliefs are that only people whom are gay, drug users, or prostitutes can contract this disease. ......

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

The Stigma Surrounding Reality Television

...The Stigma Surrounding Reality Television ENG 122: English Composition II April 17, 2011 The word moral is defined as an act of relating to, expressing, or teaching principles of right and wrong in behavior (Moral 2011). The word value is defined as relative worth, utility, or importance in oneself (Value 2011) The word reality is defined as a real event, entity, or state of affairs; the totality of real things and events (Reality 2011). In today’s society reality television has such a great influence over the younger generation, and for the most part not in a positive way. The majority of the reality show programs shown on television showcase a lack of moral and values that are instilled in people from the time they are children. The majority of these shows display the people on the show drinking alcohol in vast amounts, expressing very open sexual behavior, violence, bad language choices, and endless nights of partying. When I was growing up my parents used to say “Do not believe everything you see on television, because that is not the reality of how things work in real life.” Reality television shows provide a false outlook on life, and it gives the youth an unrealistic standard of living, as well as slows down the developmental structure of the younger generation, because whatever is shown on reality television is what they think life is all about. Reality television has made for the most part, such a negative impact on the younger generation, that one has to......

Words: 2038 - Pages: 9

Dental Orthodontic NiTi Super Elastic Archwire Round 014-020 Upper / Lower | Recorder and Randsell | 4+ (Schweiz)