Philosophy and Psychology
Submitted By Mrzkhall
Although there are several great Greek philosophers, Socrates is one of the finest. He was also a logician who had a major effect on ancient philosophy. His Socratic Method would come to influence Western thought and be the basis for its systems of logic and philosophy. Since Socrates wrote down nothing himself, most of the information we have today comes from the philosophers Plato, Xenophon, and Aristophanes. And because of this, no one can be certain about any that happened in his life. Even though their writings may not be completely accurate, they display a good image of Socrates’ philosophy, personality, and life. However, there are questions about whether Socrates really existed or was only a creation or Plato, which allowed him to describe the flaws in ancient philosophy. Socrates was born to Sophroniscus and Phaenarete in the city of Athens during the year 469 or 470 B.C. He received the basic education of a Greek because he was not born into a noble family. He learned the art of craft and is said to work as a mason for several years before he became a committed and devoted philosopher. There is controversy between whether Socrates received pay for teaching which is displayed by Plato, in the fact that Socrates was poor. It is also stated that Xanthippe, Socrates’ wife, complained about his inability to support his family form Xenophon’s writing and described her as undesirable. Socrates and had three son who names are Lamphoeles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus. Socrates had little to do with the rising of his sons and was more devoted to the intellectual development of Athens’ boys. Even thought he was devoted to teaching, he never opens a school but liked to disclaim the title of teaching and hold long conversations. Socrates words were so engaging, curious, and instructive to hear that some people became frequent companions and…...