In: Historical Events

Submitted By ewilliams455
Words 1447
Pages 6

Aries and DeMause make the assessment that children in the Middle Ages were not as important as the adults and were often overlooked. DeMause says the adults usually had three reactions to their children, which were projective reaction, reversal reaction, and empathetic reaction. Very rarely did the adults use the empathic reaction. In fact, according to DeMause’s article children were looked to as adults. So when children did what seem to be harmful or dangerous, their parents blamed them for knowing better or assumed they meant to do it on purpose. Aries states that the only difference between a child and an adult was their size. Both scholars have strong opinions about the significance of childhood in the middle ages. However, I believe they simply have a different understanding and may have only been looking at specific events or families, which may have slightly clouded their view or overall opinion. I understand that there may have been times that parents were not as cautious as some other parents and may even provoked dangerous outcomes for their children at times, but I do not believe it was all intentional. Children were taken care of differently during the Middle Ages than they are now in the twenty first century. Children were raised to help their families and work as soon as they could walk and talk. Parents during those times did not believe children should be shielded from work or hard labor. Perhaps today we are overly cautious about our infants, in which parents of the Middle Ages would say we are coddling too much and could also cause great effects on the childhood. Due to their surroundings, some being deprived of resources and wise man to give them advice on parenting, one had to learn on their own. They may have faced several of recurring accidents and/or infant mortality, but that does not…...

Similar Documents

Aids Responses

...has happened and yet people don’t care until it affects people like them. It’s a terrible thing in this day and age that this is still a major topic in America, but it is and we as a country need to seriously make a change. We invest a lot in our military, refuse to tax the wealthiest 1%, and deny money/health care to those who need it for no other reason than it doesn’t affect the majority of those in power (the wealthiest whites). Don’t get me wrong, we (African American’s) have a big role to play in this as well, with our outrageous priorities and callous attitude toward our own. It just seems like the attitude is the same as when the syphilis test were going on and, slavery was the thing to do. The second article: Why Brazil’s response to AIDS worked again doesn’t surprise me. As I stated earlier America is the country that just doesn’t seem to care. We are behind other nations, when it comes to education and health care but is the leader in spending on the military. I respect and feel greatly for those to give their lives for our freedoms but we don’t return the favor by of maintaining the fight here at home. To conclude I want you all to keep this in mind when looking at issue’s such as AIDS in America, “there is no money in the cure”....

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Response to a South African Response

...Response to a South Africa Investment Leon Grier Personal & Organizational Ethics Dr. Tina Engle March 19, 2012 Response to a South Africa Investment In my judgment one of the benefits to continue with the expansion project of the Caltex plant is it would continue to keep Caltex black employees employed. Caltex has improved the life of its current minority employees even though the country itself hasn’t tried to improve the welfare of the rest of the black community. Another benefit is that that expansion project promised an annual return of 20 percent on the original investment, which is good for the shareholders. Finally, the benefit that I see is that Caltex is helping the economy of the South Africa by continuing its oil operations in its country. On the other hand by continuing operations in South Africa, and they are helping the government financially support the mistreatment of the black community. If Standard and Texaco did not build the plant, someone else would, likely a company with less global standards or stake in moral and ethical dilemmas. While most reasonable people, even in 1977, found apartheid to be cruel, unjust, and certainly morally wrong, one can think that it would be easier to change a situation from the inside out rather than the outside in. Even Caltex ended operations there in South Africa, the employees that had a little of success would be forced to return to where they began. Apartheid laws were designed to preserve the racial......

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6

Conference Response

...View the one minute video posted below where a consultant from a global HR consulting firm gives her organization's view of the role of the manager.   In your main topic response, discuss the role of a manager including these elements.  * How would you describe the role of a manager? * Do you think the definitions given in the assigned articles and the video describe the role accurately based on your own experience?  * Is there anything you would add?  Be sure to incorporate references to the readings to support the points you make.  You also should refer to the definition given in the video, comparing and contrasting it with the readings and your own experience. The readings and video have reconstructed my earlier views of a manager's role. In the past, my understanding of a manager's role matched what was described by the HR Consultant, Julie Gebauer, as the present thinking of managers, in that I believed that a manager was a person who directed, followed-up, and ensured completion of tasks completed by lower-level employees to meet the initiatives set forth by upper-level management. It was also my understanding that managers were responsible for administrative duties as well as performing some output; especially, in situations where he/she was shorthanded or beleaguered with incompetent employees. Successful managers were most associated with having qualities such as intelligence, charisma, an ability to be fair, dependable, and resilience......

Words: 1372 - Pages: 6

Hospital Response

...Hospital Response Plan: Fire Evacuation A hospital, depending on its size can house hundreds of patients on any given day. Fire is a severe risk to the hospital because of its erratic nature. In this scenario, a fire in the mess hall has developed outside the staffs’ ability to successfully control and snuff out the fire. The fire has reached a level extreme enough to where management has deemed it necessary to call for a complete evacuation of the hospital. The Federal Emergency Management Administration (1996) stated that, “There are several factors which must be considered when planning for an evacuation, among these are the characteristics of the hazard or threat itself” (P. 5E1). Our goal is to Develop an effective emergency response plan, which will takes into account the threat of fire, this is vital to emergency management. We must be prepared at all times, no matter what type of emergency it is, be it a natural disaster or a manmade event; the hospital should have a planned response to protect the hospitals assets. Interagency Coordination Interagency Coordination is a significant part of a completed response plan. Hospital plans for full or partial evacuation should incorporate pre-planning and address the incident command and management structure established for its operational area (community). In advance of an event, Hospitals should understand and incorporate local plans and protocols that are in place to support evacuation and......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Sexual Response

...Sexual Response Cycle which continues to shape the way in which we view sexual functioning, even today. The sequence of phases in Masters and Johnson's model of sexual response is: Excitement phase: Physiological arousal increases quickly. Muscle tension, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate increase. In men, the penis gets erect and the testes swell. In women, the clitoris hardens and swells, the vaginal lips open, and the vagina lubricates. Plateau phase: Physiological arousal continues. In women, the clitoris retracts under the clitoral hood. Men may secrete a small amount of fluid from the penis. Orgasm phase: Physiological arousal peaks. Men ejaculate seminal fluid. Both men and women experience muscular contractions in the pelvic area, along with a sensation of pleasure. Resolution phase: Physiological responses return to normal levels. Men then go through a refractory period that can vary in length, during which they are not responsive to stimulation. The refractory period tends to get longer as men age. Some sex scholars have suggested that an important flaw in the Masters and Johnson research on human sexual response is their inclusion of only orgasmic subjects in their sample. Masters and Johnson studied a biased sample of people. The sample included only people who were both willing and able to perform sexual acts in a laboratory setting. Masters and Johnson didn’t pay attention to individual differences. In reality, people’s sexual responses vary......

Words: 477 - Pages: 2


...Critical Response Essay Utilitarian Approach: Fred is faced with a difficult decision because he must decide what is more important to him. Is keeping my job more important than contributing to something I don’t agree with? That is the crucial question he must answer. Is that would allow him to keep his job and persuade Greyarea to manufacture less toxic cigarettes. According to the consequentialist theory of Utilitarianism, if he wore to abide by this theory, Fred would respectfully resign from this job. Under principle of utility, the right action is the one that produces the greatest balance of pleasure over pain, or happiness over unhappiness, for everyone affected by that action. He believes that his contribution to the companies harmful products isn’t for him, because the consequences are far more important than maintaining his current job. This is something a consequentialist believes in and respects. Fred would rather spend more time searching for jobs and struggle to provide for his family, than work for a company who profits at the expense of consumers. Fred knows if he were to release the information about toxic additives in Greyarea’s new cigarettes, he would be terminated and presented a lawsuit. But, being consequentialist, he believes his actions are for the greater good and it outweighs the consequences he would receive upon forfeiting such information. As a utilitarian, its in his power to step away from Greyarea and Deontologist Approach: If......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2


...have several experiences of nice classes. The professors still give lectures but weave group discussions, presentations and films watching into the course schedule; consequently, the stuffs enrich the classes and make them absorbing and interesting. When the instructors lecture, we listen carefully and take notes about the teachers’ summaries, explanations, and comments of articles and essays. As for presentations, we have to report in team works so we look for and collect information collaboratively. After presenting, we could get the sense of achievement. When it comes to watching movies related to what we learn, the films give us profound impressions and new viewpoints varied form previous thoughts. In these ways, students are able to response their reflections and instructors can also get feedback. This kind of instruction is a little bit difficult to practice but seemingly better for students and professors. David Daniels has pointed out the defects of lecture system which has passed down and rooted in the education system. Nonetheless, whether it is proper or inappropriate depends on how professors instruct. What’s more, no matter students, instructors, faculty, or administrators, they are supposed to try to find the balance between lectures and small discussion classes. As a result, both lectures and discussions have advantages and shortcomings; whether they work effectively depends on how people make use of them....

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Response to Friedman

...Response to Friedman It would seem academia's view of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is split. There are some that would like to believe MOOCs are the next revolution in education. One such person is Thomas Friedman, an author and columnist for the New York Times. Friedman has high expectations of MOOCs and states, "I can see a day soon where you'll create your own college degree by taking the best online courses from the best professors from around the world."1 On the other hand Karen Head, an assistant professor for Georgia Institute of Technology, initially wanted nothing to do with them. She stated, "I wondered how anyone could possibly teach writing in a massive open online course--a question that many of my colleagues are still asking."3 Friedman posits that innovation will come because of demand from the market, parents, students and even the federal government.2 Karen is part of that innovation not only as a professor but as a planner in the program. Her experience in preparing the MOOC for Georgia Tech will certainly challenge Friedman's idea of cheap. Perhaps if Friedman expanded on the idea of initial cost vs. maintenance cost of a MOOC it wouldn't appear cheap in the short term. In this case of start-up costs for a university it would have to be seen as an investment. In the long term gains would be seen, provided their program is a successful one. In the end Friedman holds on to his idea of a revolutionary new way to educate the world. For......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Response to Intervention

...Introduction As America’s educational system continues to strengthen and develop, a focus on individualized instruction and intervention within the regular education classroom has been brought forth in an attempt to keep struggling students from falling behind. This specific additional instruction and intervention, known as Response to Intervention in most states (RtI), is not only viewed as a push towards the improvement of education for all students, but is also being used as the means by which decisions regarding a student’s special education eligibility is based upon. However, for such a program to ultimately be beneficial, it will be up to the schools to ensure that the education professionals are putting forth significant effort in using the most appropriate type of intervention for that specific student. It will be the RtI team’s duty to define the student’s problem, plan an intervention, implement the intervention, and regularly evaluate the student’s progress (Martinez & Young, 2011, p. 44). Various interventions should be attempted if the scheduled improvement is not initially apparent. Statement of the Problem The groundbreaking passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act in 1975, the long overdue act which provided official protection of the rights and individual needs of those with disabilities within the educational system, sparked the remarkable increase of students being quickly diagnosed with a learning disability in whatever subject......

Words: 5546 - Pages: 23

Response to Postman

...English 102 Professor Hanson March 12, 2014 Reading Response for Postman How is Postman’s argument similar to or different from Baron’s. (Hint: it’s more than “they are both discussing technology’s impact on education). To start off, when I began reading postman’s “Virtual Students, Digital Classroom” piece I felt very open minded with how the piece started off with questions. When I first started reading Baron’s it was more like facts being thrown at me and intriguing me. Yes Postman’s argument is similar in the fact that they are both discussing technology’s impact on education, but how they differ is quite interesting. Postman talks about what others are talking about new technology. He is deducing what Ravitch is saying when it comes to how new technologies make new kinds of people and also Ravitch’s conception of the future. The main difference between Postman and Baron’s argument is that Postman’s is more about how technology is affection students, kids, and time goes on they are changing. While Baron’s argument is more arguing about how technology has affected society as well as writing. Personally as much as I thought Baron’s piece was interesting, Postman’s piece really stands out to me. A part that really got to me was when he says, “ These are serious matters, they need to be discussed by those who know something about children from the planet Earth, and whose vision of children’s needs, and the needs of society, go beyond thinking of school......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2


...In response to the reading I found myself open minded to the stereotypical episodes of what a black man goes through. Personally, I found it difficult to relate to because I’m not black or a big man. I can however, imagine through the words of the author what he was feeling as well as what others (victims) were feeling. Then I somehow, found myself recalling times that I too had displayed worry when coming down a dark street, at a club, or even in an empty train cart that would have me alone with a big man, on the other end of it and me feeling like the echoes of the rails would keep me distracted from my fears of something bad happening. For example I can recall a time when I was mugged while walking down my own street. It was during the summer and it was 11pm. I rarely walk the streets at night but this was an exception. My mother’s flight got in last and she was hungry. I decided to walk to the pizza shop at the corner of my street and as I walked down my street I had noticed two men; one black and one white turn the corner together but split up when they saw me. I knew something was going to happen. Sure enough one of them ran towards my purse. WE both spun around and dropped to the sidewalk. As you can imagine I had a strong grip on my purse and the purse itself was made of camel skin. Another time I can recall minding my business waiting for my train in Chinatown and a black man decided to expose himself to me repeatedly until my train......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

The Shallows Response

...The Shallows Response I found this article very interesting and true on some aspects About our language. I also learned a few things one thing being that the Greeks were the first to invent the phonetic alphabet. I never put too much thought into who created it or where the alphabet came from but reading this article made my mind drift off into wonderland and I was in awe, thinking “geez if it wasn’t for them then I wouldn’t be able to read today!” I thought the comparison to the phonetic and logographic language done by Tufts University was interesting, because the frontal lobe is very important to processing memory, it reminded me of text messaging and this emoji craze. We use pictures now instead of words to describe what’s going on in our day to day lives. They stated how logographic language activates or triggers a response in motoric memory skills, I see why the Chinese are so smart. I could not agree more with Theuth about writing when he said (“it will make the people of Egypt wiser and improve their memories” for it “provides a recipe for memory and wisdom”)pg54 In my opinion he was speaking the significance of writing into existence. For me writing is the only way that I can remember things. When it comes to homework and test assignments I find myself scoring higher because I took notes or rewrote words I didn’t know the meaning to. I also give the same advice to my daughter, who is in fourth grade, I make her rewrite her spelling words three times and it......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3


...I am writing the following in response to Ms Hoa's request to write comments for Language Skills 4A. First, the Language skills subject is an excellent course to take. It is very informative. And it has provided me with the foundation that I will need to make further advancement in Foreign Language coursework. The instructor, Ms Hoa, works very hard in class to get his ideas across to the students. I really enjoy the way she uses her voice to command students' attention. Ms Hoa is very thorough in lecturing. However, you already knew that we have to practice writing, reading, grammar. I think the pace of this course is hard and fast. the students can not manage their time effectively in order to receive quality materials day-in, day-out. I was reminded of the old adage, "Practice makes perfect”, Those exercise assignments took hours and hours to complete! But we do not have time enough. The pressure on time made it difficult be prepared. I was still surprised at the intensive pressure, especially when the final examination of the semester was approaching. Personally, we should separate 4A and 4B into: Listening and Speaking, Grammar and Writing, and Reading and Vocabulary. And I would like to have seen more real practice given in the lectures. For me, this helps to crystallize the definites, grammars by placing them in context. Finally, the book which we used is too old, we need to choose other materials. I'm sorry if this is offensive, but that's the way I feel. I...

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Response to Rview

...Response to Review (Straight Out of Compton} I first want to start off saying that Straight Out of Compton was a good movie. I was actually shocked by how good the acting was, and how believable the characters were. The movie does a great job of revealing the reason for NWA's breakup and acts as a precautionary tale about staying true to your ideals. I actually disagree with the grade is giving Straight out of Compton that is a B plus. I would have thought giving the movie Straight Out of Compton at least an A minus. I liked how the review first started off showing the history of N.W.A when it first started in 1988 and where the music first originated from. I enjoyed the part where it said N.W.A was a gang but it wasn’t a traditional gang, just a tight knitted group of guys that lived in poverty and were often harassed by police officials. The part in the review which I thought was my favorite and that I one hundred percent agreed on was when mentioned that the best part of the film was “N.W.A’s origin story: their aspirations, assembly, and earliest recordings that lead them to put their faith in a seemingly paternal manager.” The reason why I agreed with this part being the best of the film was because it was the rising action to the climax where they find out that the manger they put their faith on actually backs stabs them by cheating everybody except Eazy- E of their share of the money and also their credit to the music. Eventually the manger does......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Response to Intervention

...Response to Intervention (RTI): The Saving Grace of Special Education Regent University December 1, 2015 Abstract For years, special education has been bombarded with increased referrals of students for services, consistent behavior issues with identified students, and the lack of academic progress made by students with disabilities. The implementation of a multi-tiered intervention strategy, such as Response to Intervention (RTI), improves the quality of the referral process, decreases instances of behavior issues, and improves academic outcomes for students receiving special education services. In an effort to organize and implement delivery of social, behavioral, and academic supports, many schools have adopted a tiered Response to Intervention (RTI) framework. Special educators indicated some barriers to effective implementation of a multi-tiered intervention strategy such as RTI. Teachers listed multiple barriers, however, they also indicated several perceived benefits to themselves and to students from the RTI procedures. If you have ever been at the pool or lake and witnessed someone drowning, your first instinct is to get that person some help! That help may consist of you calling for a lifeguard, throwing that person a lifesaver, or going in yourself to save the individual that is drowning. The introduction of multi-tiered instructional systems and the impact it has had on special education is just like that lifesaver. For years, special education has been...

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Sumo Mouse | Micky De Rauch | AVI ReComp 1.4.5.