Referencing in Essay Work

In: Business and Management

Submitted By taquishah
Words 9957
Pages 40
University Library
September 2011

Cambridge & Chelmsford

Guide to the Harvard Style of Referencing

http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk

Anglia Ruskin University

`

Guide to the Harvard Style of Referencing

Third Edition

Revised September 2011

http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm

1

Anglia Ruskin University

1.

GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 4

1.1 1.2 1.3
2.

What is referencing ..............................................................................4 The Harvard System ............................................................................5 Reference list or Bibliography ..............................................................5
CITING REFERENCES IN-TEXT USING THE HARVARD SYSTEM..................... 6

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17

Author’s name cited in the text.............................................................6 Author’s name not cited directly in the text...........................................6 More than one author cited in the text..................................................6 More than one author not cited directly in the text ...............................6 Two, three, or four authors for the same work .....................................7 More than four authors for a work ........................................................7 Several works by one author in different years ....................................7 Several works by one author in the same year ....................................8 Chapter authors in edited works ..........................................................8 Corporate authors .............................................................................8 No author…...

Similar Documents

Referencing

...What is Referenc ing? Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignment in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations, facts and figures, as well as ideas and theories, from bot h published and unpublished works, must be referenced. Why Reference? Referencing is necessary to avoid plagiarism, to verify quotations, and to enable readers to follow - up and read more full y the cited author’s arguments. Steps Involved in Referencing 1. Collecting Bibliographic Details Note down the full bibliographic details of the source from wh ich the information is taken, including the relevant page number(s). This information is the basis of a citation or reference . In the case of a book , ‘bibliogra phical details’ refers to: author/editor, year of publication, title, edition, volume number, place of publication and publisher as found on the front and back of the title page. (Not all of these details will necessarily be applicable). In the case of a journal article the details required include: author of the article, year of publication, title of the article, title of the journal, volume and issue number of the journal, and page numbers. For all electronic information , in addition to the above you sh ould note the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if one exists, and if one does not exist, the web address (URL) of the database you found the article in. Fo r......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Essay on Uni Group Work

...Individual Reflective Essay At the foundation of our group for the tutorial presentation there were four members. Myself, Jonathon Kir, Gerald Loh and Qais. We all got along together well and exchanged phone numbers to communicate about the tutorial presentation. After discussing our work schedules we concluded that we would do our presentation on week 11. We also discussed the two case studies and decided on doing case study six ‘the challenges of my first job at ASACURA international’. I suggested we should also communicate with a Facebook group. The Facebook group allowed us to share ideas and upload our individual contributions efficiently. Similar to numerous organisations in Australia our group was made up of differing dynamics. Part of the challenge to the presentation was the different dynamics and personalities within the group. From the early stages of the organisational behaviour course I observed that Qais appeared to have personality traits that aligned with the neuroticism trait from the five factor model (Mckshane, 2013 44-45). Qais appeared anxious and seemed self-conscious, due to his lack of contribution to group discussions and shyness towards myself, Jonathon and Gerald. Qais rarely spoke to the group unless asked a question and I felt like it was quite difficult to judge how Quais felt on critical issues relating to the presentation as he did not contribute any alternate ideas, thus I found that I needed to make a greater effort and help Qais by......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Essays-Papers-Safety-Work-Place

...your rear. * If you’re not safety conscious, you could end up unconscious.SO THINK ABOUT IT! * Alert today, alive tomorrow – Be alert, accidents hurt” * A spill and slip leads to a hospital trip. * OUR STRENGTH IS THE SUM OF THE INDIVIDUALS WHO WORK HERE PRACTICE SAFETY ALWAYS * Safety is about doing the right thing, even if no one is looking, because safety starts with me! * Plan ahead, always put safety first. Because when it comes to accidents, Nobody can go back and start a new beginning, * Never ASSUME in safety because it makes an ASS out of U and ME… * Working safely may get old, but so do those who practice it * Job first – safety always, Safety Is Key, It Is Up To You And Me! * Accident prevention – Your No. 1 intention * Your Safety is the minimum promise to your family * Better to have two on the job than one in the hospital. * Did you work safety today – or were you just lucky? * Report unsafe behavior. You are your brother’s keeper – * There’s no place like home. Let’s get there safely – * “Safety at home, Safety at work. Two simple ways, NOT to get hurt” * Safety can distinguish you. Lack of safety can extinguish you * Think Safety: Arms work best when attached to the body * To avoid a scene, keep your workplace clean * Eyes are priceless, eye protection is cheap. * SaFETY DOES NOT COME INSTANTLY, YOU SHOULD IMPLEMENT IT CONSISTENTLY * Safety and productivity cannot be......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Referencing Harvard

...L3 Language Literacies Learning Harvard referencing guide UniSA This guide will help you apply the Harvard referencing style to your writing at UniSA. It is designed to help you understand the conventions and principles of this style and make decisions about referencing. There are many different versions of the Harvard style. This guide presents one consistent version for use at UniSA, which conforms to the Australian Government standard guidelines presented in Snooks & Co (eds) 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, Wiley & Sons, Australia. Table of contents What is referencing? ......................................................................................................................... 2 How do we reference? ...................................................................................................................... 3 Sample extract from an essay ............................................................................................................ 5 What if your source does not match? ................................................................................................ 7 Harvard referencing UniSA examples ................................................................................................. 8 Print ................................................................................................................................................... 8 Book ..............................................

Words: 8716 - Pages: 35

Essay on Referencing

...Sample Essay The following winning essay was submitted in 2009 by a UK higher education student for an essay writing competition sponsored by the LearnHigher Centre of Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL) network. The set title was ‘What is the point of referencing?’, and there was a maximum word limit of 1,500 words. There is a tutor commentary on the points made by the student to the left of the essay. The introduction to an essay is very important. Here the student immediately addresses the question. | What is the point of referencing?The reasons why accurate referencing is essential for academic work are not immediately apparent, particularly for students new to higher education. This essay will, therefore, examine why referencing is an essential part of academic writing and in the process address the question: ‘what is the point of referencing?’ | The student introduces the main reasons for referencing. | There are three main reasons for referencing. Firstly, referencing helps student writers to construct, structure, support and communicate arguments. Secondly, references link the writer’s work to the existing body of knowledge. Thirdly, only through referencing can academic work gain credibility. | Summarises the structure of the essay. | This essay will discuss these three aspects of referencing in detail, examine their validity, identify how referencing affects a writer’s writing style, and show how referencing helps students to present their own......

Words: 1898 - Pages: 8

Social Work Theory Essay

...Social work Theory Essay Introduction This essay will explain how Social work is about dealing with various problems within society and how Social work theories provide a framework which enable Social work practice find an effective solution to the issue at hand. It will explain how Social work theory draws on linking those theories and putting it into practice and that the relationship between the two aspects are imperative. The interrelationships between Theory and Practice. Social work is about dealing with society and the issues they have in their daily life. Society is complex and therefore having theories to work with can empower the Social worker as much as a client. The theories shape the course of action taken or the practice. Theories are described in Payne (2014) as generalized ideas that can describe our knowledge of situations and the world in which we live in an organised manner (p.3). Specifically in relation to social work theory, Payne (p.5) simply states it helps us do or understand social work. Nash, Munford & O’Donoghue describe how theory informs practice which in turn informs theory in action and describes it as a ‘map’ (p.15). Without being able to understand Social work, let alone do it in practice you would not assist the client and therefore is a key piece within the jigsaw of Social work. According to Payne (p.9) there are four different ways to approach theory; Perspectives which allows you to look at situations from different......

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Work Essay

...Work is a great place for guest service but for some reason we have been failing at our secret shops. So the first question is: What happen to guest service? I think it is because of how lazy people are getting. I know sometimes we are really busy and we can only point them in to the direction of where that products at but when where not busy and all you are doing is stocking or cleaning you should walk the guest to where they need to be or if you don’t know to that department and then get another team member that could help. For example on 8/26 I was helping a guest with chair feet. Me thinking they were in cab apps but by asking Gail. She then pointed me to hardware. She didn’t know the exact aisle so I called Mike and had him take me and the guest to the chair feet. I think this is a good representation of good guest service but not the best since I had to go to two people but I still found the product the guest was looking for. The guest left happy with the merchandise. Guest service means to me the ability to help the guest for what they need. To get them everything they need for their project o they don’t have to come back. Why I come to work. For one I enjoy it. The seconded is that it brings a smile to my face to get to help guest pick out there vanities, there shower/tub, or there hot water tank because sometimes there not sure which one so you have to ask them question to qualify which one they need. The third is to get paid but that’s on the last of this list....

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Heartbreaking Work of a Staggering Genius Essay

...International English Writing session: Modern Writing Task 1)the theme in heartbreaking work of a staggering genius (S.1- 101): Heartbreaking work of a staggering genius is a novel, which was published in 2000. Dave eggers is the author of the book, and the book is also his memoir.The book is written in present form and is chronologically built, it is written in I-form, and seen thru Dave’s eyes. Perhaps the biggest theme in the book is that moving on after a great loss is a necessity. In the book, the main character loses both his parents to cancer within a month; he seemed to move on very quickly from these traumatic events, and at first that made me think that, he did not care. It made me think that maybe he was not as close with his parents as most people are, and it made me dislike the main character, since I could not relate to him. ‘’There is a voice inside of me, a very excited, chirpy voice, that urges me to keep things merry madcap even, the mood buoyant. Because Beth is always pulling out old photo albums crying, asking Toph how he feels, I feel I have to overcompensate by keeping us occupied.’’(Heartbreaking work of a staggering genius p.88) After the death of his parents, Dave becomes the warden of his little brother Toph. Instantly he begins to do fun activities with him, and he does not seem like he is grieving over the death of his parents, and I felt that I got no explanation why until p.88. There the narrator explains that he must constantly keep......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Work on Essay

...Military Office Senior NCO of the Year • processed over 200 evaluations for all four military services; error-free and achieved an exceptional 98 percent on-time rate • nominated for the Agency’s “Technician of the Year” • coordinated the movement of 184,000 pounds of equipment worth over $2.5 million maintaining 100percent accountability • maintained 100percent accuracy for 7 Major Subordinate Command ammunition accounts valued at over $28 million • led by example by mentoring two soldiers toward successful achievement of their gold recruiter rings • team APFT average of 294 • displayed technical mastery of his instrument as solo bugler during wreath laying ceremony for the Defense Minister of Greece • demonstrated excellent work habits and attention to detail that contributed to a 26percent rise in EIB success • directly responsible for 7 soldiers being awarded the EFMB • biked across Georgia; 468 miles in 6 days • maintained a 100percent SIDPERS accuracy rate for all transactions for 12 months • his aggressive training program resulted in 12 soldiers excelling in the Army’s Culinary Arts competition; Winning 16 medals • selected over 10 senior SFCs to be Detachment First Sergeant • received a 100percent rating from the Command Inspection Program in NBC, Property Book, and vehicle maintenance EXAMPLES OF NEEDS IMPROVEMENT BULLETS • failed to meet APFT standards for the two mile run and sit-ups with a total score of 148 • lack of......

Words: 12005 - Pages: 49

Harvard Referencing

...Harvard Referencing There are 2 stages, these include: 1) Citing – What you do in the text of your essay e.g. highlighting words you’ve incorporated from someone else’s work 2) Referencing – All the details of the source of information you’ve used at the end of your work in a separate section For both directly copying, and changing an idea into your own words, you need to indicate the source of information in brackets at the end of your sentence. For a direct quote, these brackets must contain 3 pieces of information: * The authors name * The year their work was published * The page number i.e (Kovmi, 2009, p.5) For an indirect quote (changed into your own words), you just need to include the authors name and year of publication. The reference section at the end of your work must include all the information of the source of information. Each source of information in your reference section should always start with the same information as the citation in your essay. When writing your reference section, ensure you order it alphabetically by the author’s names. Referencing a book The order of information for referencing a book is: 1) Author/s/Editor 2) Year of publication in round brackets 3) Title in italics 4) Edition (if relevant i.e. not the first edition) 5) Place of publication: publisher 6) Series and volume number (if relevant) For example: Pears, Richard, and Shields, Graham. (2010) Cite the right: the essential......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Scheme of Work Essay

...What has been taken into account when selecting the subject content and the learning outcomes? While designing the scheme of work there were many factors taken in to account. Whilst the planning for assessment has been a central factor considerable considerations have been given to the syllabus and course outcomes, combined, these present an overview for what should be learned by the end of the course. I adopted a modular approach to the planning as this was important in processing the scheme of work and allowed for detailed planning. I deliberated over what the student cohort may already know and understand at this level but ideally I would have the opportunity to explore this somewhat further through interview or initial assessment. This would help establish any specific learner needs and additional resources that may need to be made available to students. I have considered the time available to conduct lessons based on the scheme of work and discovered that there are certain practicalities that need to be overcome in order to present the lesson. I have had to establish whether there is enough time to fulfil the criteria set out; whether there are enough lessons and how many hours in each lesson as well as considering holidays and key dates, such as deadlines and submission dates. Using templates from various awarding bodies I have discovered what content is important when designing the scheme and believe the key areas for contemplation for each column are; the topic,......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

Referencing

...Referencing In-text: All students will use the Harvard System of referencing. References are indicated in the text as either “Recent work (Smith 1970)” or “Recently Smith (1970) has found.” Where a direct quotation is used the page number should be noted e.g. (Smith 1970 pg. 17). All such references should then be listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper in accordance with the following conventions: 1. Books surname, forename and/or initials, (year of publication), title, place of publication: publisher, e.g. Baker, Michael J. and Hart, Susan J. (1989), Marketing and Competitive Success, Hemel Hempstead: Philip Allen. 2. Journal Articles surname, forename and/or initials, (year) “title”, journal name, vol, issue, pages, e.g. O’Malley, L. and Tynan, C. (1999), “The Utility of the Relationship Metaphor in Consumer Markets: A Critical Evaluation”, Journal of Marketing Management, Vol. 15, No. 7, pp. 587-602. 3. Contributions in books, proceedings, etc. surname, forename and/or initials, (year), “title”, ‘In:’, editor’s surname and/or initials, book title, place of publication: publisher, pages, e.g. Doyle, Peter (1990), “Managing the Marketing Mix”. In: Baker, Michael J, ed., The Marketing Book 2nd Edition, London: Heinemann Ltd., pp. 227-267. 4. Websites / Online resources. Author/Editor surname, forename and/or initials, (year), “title”[online], place of publication: publisher. Available at: URL, [accessed date] e.g. Baker, Michael J. (1998),......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

World of Work Essay

...The world of work is often assumed to be a rationalistic, logical and smoothly run entity into which people ‘fit’.  In contrast, people’s experience of organisational life is often a mixture of searching for meaning, identification, and negotiating how to be themselves within the constraints of organisational expectations or idealizations. Drawing on academic debates introduced in weeks 1-3, and relevant empirical examples, critically reflect on the above statement, exploring the juxtaposition between classical and critical perspectives on organisation. The organisational regulation of identity, we argue, is a precarious and often contested process involving active identity work, as is evident in efforts to introduce new discursive practices of ‘team-work’, ‘partnership’, etc. Organisational members are not reducible to passive consumers of managerially designed and designated identities. Nor do we assume or claim that the organisation is necessarily the most influential institution in identity-defining and managing processes. Nonetheless, we concur with a number of other commentators who argue that identity regulation is a significant, neglected and increasingly important modality of organisational control, especially perhaps in larger corporations. It is assumed that control is achieved by designing and applying appropriate structures, procedures, measures and targets; and, relatedly, that resistance to these mechanisms is symptomatic of ‘poor design’ or ‘poor......

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Handbook for Referencing

...DEPARTMENT of LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION THE BUSINESS SCHOOL HANDBOOK FOR REFERENCING 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF REFERENCING There are three main reasons why accurate referencing is important: * it provides relevant background information, illustrations of ideas or theories, or evidence for an argument that you are making in your essay or report. Your ideas need to be based on prior reading, and referencing is a way of showing that you have done this and are familiar with the field. * it enables readers to find any source of information mentioned in the text, if they want to follow up on a point or examine a theory more closely. In other words, if you refer to someone's work in an essay or report, you have to give enough information to allow readers to find it for themselves, if they find it interesting or relevant. * it gives due credit to the person(s) from whom you acquired the information. Using those ideas and/or words as if they were your own, or without acknowledging where they came from, is equivalent to 'stealing' someone else's ideas and counts as an academic offence in Britain known as plagiarism. 2. FORMATTING STYLES: HARVARD REFERENCING There are many different formatting styles for referencing, and each journal uses a specific style. So in that sense, there is no single, correct way in which to format your references. Nevertheless, it is......

Words: 3693 - Pages: 15

The Dalton Work Essay

...jobs/career use your skills and talents, and what projects have you worked on that best showcase them? 6 5. What are your successes on the job or outside the job? What new skills have you learned in the last year? 6. Our challenges in life teach us important things. What valuable skills have you gained from the difficulties in your life? What training/education have you completed and what did you gain from those experiences? 7. Have you joined any professional organizations and do you participate? 8. How do you spend your time outside of work, including hobbies, interests, sports, family, and volunteer activities? In what ways are you making a difference in people’s lives? 9. What are the transferable skills that these duties and education provide? 7 Section 2: What Job is Best For You? Your Next Job Can you briefl y describe the type of occupation you would like to do next? Include the industry, the size of the company, the work environment and income you seek. Using the same website as the exercise above, research this choice. A. Do you have the education or training required? B. Can you perform the Main Duties? C. Is the average income sufficient for your needs? D. Would you seek an entry-level, mid-level or senior position? E. What are the employment prospects in this area? The What Ifs What If You Aren’t Certain What Job You Would Like? It’s not always easy to determine how we want to spend the productive hours of our day. There’s a website that can......

Words: 2315 - Pages: 10

Dragon Ball – Bảy Viên Ngọc Rồng chap 484 | or Learn More | VEGGIEG (1)