In: English and Literature

Submitted By ashross
Words 774
Pages 4

• Lincoln dies - Andrew Johnson, a Southern Democrat, becomes president

Johnson the Politician

• Johnson owned a few slaves and defended slavery and "states' rights" • But he was a small time farmer who did not own slaves early in his life. • He got elected by protecting the rights of non-slaveholding yeoman farmers • He proposed the Homestead Act • But he cared more about the Union than he did about slavery, so when the South seceded, he was the only Southern senator to remain loyal to the Union • That is why the republicans chose him to be Lincoln’s vice-presidential candidate in the 1864 election, so that border states with large slave-holding populations would vote for the Republican candidate • But when Lincoln died, Johnson implemented his own Reconstruction Plan during the first 8 months of his term as president. (It was based on Lincoln’s “Ten Percent Plan”)

Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan

• Handed out thousands of pardons to Confederate soldiers and politicians • Enforced Lincoln’s plan to admit states if they ratified the 13th Amendment • Took back the land promised to the slaves of Edisto Island, South Carolina (“40 Acres and a Mule”) • But, Johnson's plan left rebuilding the South in the hands of the same people who controlled the Southern governments during slavery • “States Rights” , to Johnson, meant not just letting the South rebuild what the Union army destroyed, but also giving them the responsibility to help the 4,000,000 freed blacks get enough food, clothing, shelter, land, medical care, and education • But the South had no intention of doing this o They set up the Black Codes o Ku Klux Klan is started with help of Nathan Bedford Forest

Radical (Congressional) Reconstruction

• The…...

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