Punishment and Sentencing

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kjacks4275
Words 1149
Pages 5
Punishment and Sentencing
CJA 224/Introduction to Criminal Court Systems
March 26,2012

Abstract This paper will explain and identify the various punishment philosophies within the juvenile court and its processes. Also the adult court process will be explained how they differ with the punishment philosophies. In addition, the sanctions involved, various legal factors associated with sentencing, and the aspects of the appeals will be explained.

There are four punishment philosophies which include: deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and retribution. The goal of each philosophy is to deter crime, however each approach is different. The purpose of deterrence is to prevent crime by persuading individuals not to commit crimes because they have been punished for violating the law. For example, “when people decide not to park in a handicapped space because they have been fined or do not want to be fined, they have been deterred from illegal activity” (Meyer & Grant, 2003). There are two types of deterrence: general and specific. Specific deterrence is when criminals are deterred from future crimes because they have been punished. At whatever time convicted criminals state they want to avoid returning to jail, specific deterrence is in effect. General deterrence is when the community or people in general are deterred because they know criminals are punished. For example, when driving a vehicle, it is known not to speed or a ticket will be issued; to avoid receiving a ticket, don’t speed. “Under deterrence, criminals are hypothesized to be rational individuals who weigh the costs and benefits of crime outweigh the costs” (Meyer & Grant, 2003). Rehabilitation is an endeavor to end criminal behavior by alleviating offenders of their criminal activity. Rehabilitation is determined or influenced by many factors. With that being said,…...

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