Psychology Flashcards

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By itsyvetteee
Words 4086
Pages 17
1) Behavioral Perspective | Emerged from the pioneering work of Ivan, Pavlov,John B. Wastong, and B.F. Skinner. Emphasizes observable behavior that can be objectively measured. | 2) Humanistic Perspective | Emerged from the pioneering work of Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Emphasizes the importance of self-esteem, free will, and choice in human behavior. | 3)Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Perspective | Emerged from the pioneering work of Sigmund Freud. Emphasizes the role of unconscious conflicts in determining behavior and personality | 4)Cognitive Perspective | Influenced by the computer revolution, the cognitive perspective compares the mind to a computer that encodes, processes,and stores information. Cognitive psychologists emphasize thinking,perceiving, and information processing. | 5)Biological Perspective | Emphasizes genetics, the roles of various parts of the brain, and the structure and function of individual nerve cells. | 6)Evolutionary Perspective | Influenced by the seminal writings of Charles Darwin. Emphasizes the role played by natural selection and adaptation in the evolution of behavior and mental processes. | 7)Experimental Method | A carefully controlled scientific procedure involving the manipulation of variables to determine cause and effect. The experimental method enables researchers to determine cause-and-effect relationships. | 8) Independent Variable | The factor that is measured or controlled by the experimenter. | 9) Dependent Variable | The factor that is measured by the experimenter.It is affected by,and thus depends on, the independent variable | 10) Experimental Group | Group that is exposed to the independent variable. | 11)Control Group | Group that is exposed to all the independent variable | 12) Confounding Variable | Variables that have an unwanted influence on the outcome of an experiment.Also known as…...

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