Problem Based Learning

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Problem-Based Learning: Its Application and Role in Education Joe Student Austin Peay State University



Abstract What is Problem-Based Learning? Problem-Based Learning (PBL) began in the medical field; however, it has been applied to disciplines at colleges and universities, different subjects in the K-12 education system, and a variety of other professions as well. This paper will focus on the usefulness of Problem-Based Learning in the role of education, the driving motivation, and how it will impact the future of educators.



Problem-Based Learning: Its Application and Role in Education Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is a student driven, teacher guided method of instruction which weaves the ideas and theories of Bloom, Piaget, Vygotsky, and Gardner, into a cooperative learning process in which students receive and process information about ideas they have found interesting. The students then apply the knowledge gathered through the research phase to real-life situations (Bell, 2010; Levin, 2001). PBL, which began in the medical field, was used primarily as a way for medical students to improve their own problem solving abilities (Levin, 2001). Levin (2001) re-emphasized from previous studies that PBL serves as a foundation for many teacher education programs because it is consistent with constructivist theories of learning. Kauchak and Eggen (2011) define constructivism as a theory of learning based on the idea that learners actively construct their own understanding of the material by questioning and researching, instead of receiving the information through direct instruction (p. 210). PBL helps develop the learner’s higher order thought processes because the student takes an active role in learning, instead of passively receiving the information that is…...

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