Open Access - Menyuburkan Plagiarisme?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By anugraha
Words 2709
Pages 11
Open Access: Menyuburkan Plagiarisme?
Oleh: Aditya Nugraha/Liauw Toong Tjiek (anugraha@petra.ac.id) Kepala Perpustakaan Universitas Kristen Petra, Surabaya

Latar Belakang Perkembangan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK) atau yang lebih populer dikenal sebagai information and communication technology (ICT) telah membawa perubahan yang cukup mendasar dalam berbagai bidang kehidupan. Kemajuan di bidang komputer dan Internet secara khusus makin mempercepat terjadinya perubahan yang besar dalam cara manusia berkomunikasi, dan mencari serta bertukar informasi. Saat ini komunikasi global berlangsung dalam kecepatan dan volume yang tak pernah terbayangkan sebelumnya, bahkan mungkin lima atau sepuluh tahun sebelumnya. Informasi saat ini tersedia secara me limpah dan dapat diakses dengan mudah dan cepat melalui Internet, kapan saja dan dari mana saja. Seolah sudah tiada lagi batasan ruang dan waktu dalam berkomunikasi, mencari, dan bertukar informasi. Perubahan yang cepat ini membawa dampak yang luar biasa terhadap institusi pengelola informasi. Perpustakaan secara umum, baik di negara maju maupun berkembang, adalah salah satu entitas yang paling merasakan dampak ini. Perpustakaan harus menangkap peluang ini dengan memanfaatkan kemajuan TIK untuk meningkatkan produk dan layanan informasi bagi pengguna mereka. Negara- negara maju, dengan ekonomi dan sistem pendidikan yang jauh lebih mapan, telah menangkap peluang ini dan memanfaatkannya. Mereka telah memproduksi informasi digital dalam volume yang luar biasa besarnya. Sebaliknya masyarakat di negara-negara berkembang, khususnya Indonesia, cenderung hanya menjadi konsumen informasi. Sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia sudah merasa puas menggunakan Internet untuk memenuhi kebutuhan informasi mereka. Hal ini berakibat pada terjadinya ‘digital divide,’ baik dalam artian akses dan kemampuan untuk memanfaatkan TIK (komputer dan…...

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Anitore! XX: Hitotsu Yane no Shita de English Subbed | Black Lightning | January 2017 (39)