Media and Gender

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By muhamadthoriq
Words 3133
Pages 13

Mata Kuliah

Media dan Gender

Nama : Irma Ratri Mahanani

No. Mhs : 10531092 / pjik' 13

Falosentrisme pada novel Ayu Utami

NOVEL Ayu Utami, Saman (1998) dan Larung (2001), sering disebut sebagai contoh karya dengan ciri “keterbukaan baru” dalam membicarakan seksualitas. Pada bagian-bagian novel yang menceritakan keempat tokoh perempuan-Shakuntala, Laila, Yasmin, dan Cok-seks menjadi tema utama. Perilaku seksual yang diceritakan hampir sepenuhnya bertentangan dengan norma masyarakat (Indonesia), dalam arti bukanlah hubungan heteroseksual yang disahkan oleh surat nikah.

SHAKUNTALA memiliki kecenderungan biseksual, Laila jatuh cinta pada seorang laki-laki yang sudah menikah tapi akhirnya berhubungan seks dengan Shakuntala, Yasmin mengkhianati suaminya dengan sekaligus “memurtadkan” seorang pastor, lalu mewujudkan fantasi sadomasokisnya dengan bekas pastor tersebut, dan Cok gemar berganti-ganti pasangan. Kiranya tidak salah menyimpulkan dalam kedua novel tersebut, seksualitas direpresentasikan dengan cara provokatif. Representasi perilaku dan orientasi seksual yang demikian beragam dan gugatan terhadap stereotip perempuan yang pasif dengan mudah dapat membawa kita pada kesimpulan bahwa novel Ayu Utami jauh dari nilai heteronormatif dan falosentris, atau bahwa Ayu berhasil menciptakan representasi seksualitas yang berbeda (“lebih perempuan”) daripada yang kita kenal selama ini (di Indonesia). Apalagi ide-ide yang diungkapkan tampak begitu up-to-date karena sepertinya sengaja disesuaikan dengan teori-teori mutakhir. Dalam teori pascastrukturalis maupun feminis, cara berpikir tertentu yang banyak dikritik, misalnya kepercayaan pada kebenaran yang tunggal, hierarki yang kaku dan pandangan humanis tentang individu yang bebas dan mandiri, sering dihubungkan dengan maskulinitas dan patriarki. Dan femininitas dalam tulisan…...

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