Legal Research and Writing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By saphirepassion
Words 418
Pages 2
Dear Margo,

Hope you, Alan Karina, Rachael, and Felicia are all doing well. Winter here has been really crazy this year. In December our weather temps were 70and up into the 90’s.This all changed in mid- January. The temps began dropping into the teens-low 20’s.We’ve even gotten a round of snow, and several bouts of ice. Sadly this led to multiple accidents, and numerous people being injured, because everyone was just caught off guard, and there was no time to prepare the roads. Then, there is also the fact that because we so rarely get this sort of weather, the state cut the budget for salting the roads, and no longer has funds available for salting the roads. There were a few school busses, that upon early release, skidded and had accidents, and a number of children were injured as a result. Other than these bitter cold temps, which have also kept dad and I both pretty much bedridden with pain, we’re doing well overall. Darlys is a distance runner on the varsity team, as a freshman, Desirey, with her new IEP in place is doing much better in school, although she is still being bullied and pushed down the stairs and gym bleachers daily. I look forward to hearing how each of you are doing!
Love always,
Jody Ann

Dear sir or madam,
Address this letter to a city department, like the street department, or public works.

It is with great concern that I am writing to you. With the recent changes to our state budget cutting or at the very least reducing our funds for salting the roads during times we have ice/snow our children’s safety in particular, is at risk. It has come to my attention numerous school busses have been involved in accidents, which resulted in children being injured. Considering that our children will be affected by these same cuts to their education, truly need to reconsider all the budget cuts, and put our kid’s safety and education as top…...

Similar Documents

Legal Writing

...Legal Memo To: Attorney John Smith, Esquire From: Paralegal Re: Westen Vs. Jane Date: March 18, 2002 This memorandum follows your recent assignment where in you requested that I contact Mr. Mark Vision, who witnessed our client Mary Jane’s accident, and determine where Mr. Vision was in association with the accident, the approximate speed of the other vehicle, the weather conditions and any other information that would be useful in either shifting liability or alleging contributory negligence on the part of plaintiff/driver. Analysis of the Interview I contacted Mr. Mark Vision on March 4, 2002. He is an African American male, very tall with a slim build. He wore business casual clothes and he seemed a little nervous, but he was very respectful and well mannered. He was very forthcoming with all of the questions he was asked in the interview. He seemed very truthful and reliable and answered every question with a matter-of- fact attitude. He remembered the entire accident very vividly. He would make a favorable witness for our case, because he feels that Ms. Jane is not guilty. Mr. Vision advised me that he was on the way to work at his part-time job Saturday March 18, 2002. The reason he did not give a statement at the time of the accident, was because he is the Manager and had to be at the company early to let the other workers in and didn’t want to keep them waiting. But Mr. Vision did give the Police his contact information. It was raining......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Legal Writing 1

...Karen Williams 5133 Rishley Run Way, Mount Dora, Florida 32757 Student number 70649069 Course title and number Legal Writing 1 - 008033 Graded project number 00803301 LAW OFFICES OF ELIZA SMITH AND ASSOCIATES 5678 BARRISTER ROW CLARK, PENNSYLVANIA 18112 (771) 333-4444 FAX (771) 333-4445 April 8, 2013 Jane Smith 123 Rock Road Clark, Pennsylvania 18118 Re: Tax Appeal Hearing Dear Ms. Smith: Please be advised that your tax appeal hearing has been scheduled for March 6, 2005 at 10:35a.m. It will be held at Office of the Tax Assessors of Lackawanna County, County Office Building, 211 Ace Road, 5th Floor, Clark, Pennsylvania 18111. You will meet with the attorney in the lobby of at 10:25a.m. Please bring with you pictures of all comparable houses in your area as per your earlier meeting with the attorney. Please do not hesitate to contact me should you have any questions. Very truly yours, ______________________________ Karen Williams, Paralegal THIS DEED Made the _____ day of April, in the year Two Thousand and Thirteen (2013) Between JANE P. SMITH, of the Township of Clark, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, hereinafter referred to as the Grantor. A N D ADAM JONES and SALLY JONES, of the Township of Clark, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, hereinafter referred to as the Grantees. WITNESSETH, That in consideration of the sum of One Hundred and Fifty Thousand ($150,000.00) Dollars, in hand paid, the......

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5

Legal Writing

...been dominated by white males. It first appeared after the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s as an attempt to accompany the new legal equality gained for minorities with social and economic equality. This paper I will discuss the history, advantages and disadvantages of affirmative action in college admissions. After explaining these issues I will state and my belief on the issue of affirmative action in college admissions. In 1961, President Kennedy signed Executive Order No. 10925, putting the term “affirmative action” its first use in relation to civil rights (Cable News Network [CNN], 2003). In 1964 President Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Included in the Act is Title VI, which prohibits race discrimination in education Racial quotas for public colleges were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the case of Bakke v. California. Since then, public colleges seeking to increase diversity have used other types of affirmative action. While private universities have more freedom in their admissions decisions, they generally find that other affirmative action policies are a better way of achieving diversity than quotas because they allow for greater flexibility and more fairness. Affirmative action in the college admissions process has, in the decades following Bakke, been primarily an ethical rather than a legal issue. So long as the decision process did not employ strict racial quotas, colleges could choose to accept whomever they......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Legal Reserach and Writing

...Jeanne Cox Legal Research and Writing IN THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS OF ALLEGHENY COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA John Smith FAMILY DIVISION Plaintiff V Amanda Smith Defendant MEMORANDUM ISSUE Our Client, John Smith wishes to file a modification of child custody giving him full physical custody of his children, Joshua age 6 and Taylor age 3, in response to his former wife’s petition for relocation to Michigan. RULE With any child custody case, including petitions for modification, the paramount concern is the best interests of the child. Johns v. Cioci, 865 A.2d 931, 936 (Pa. Super. 2004). ARGUMENT The Parties were married on June 19,1998 and as a result of that union, their two minor children, Joshua age 6 and Taylor age 3 were born. The parties were separated April 4, 2006 because of the mothers infidelity. The current custody order was put into effect July 9, 2006 giving full physical custody to the mother with shared legal custody and visitation for the father. The mother has filed a motion for relocation to Michigan to live with her current boyfriend that she met on the Internet. In June of 2006, she met him in person for the first time herself and her children. She frequently takes the children to Michigan to visit her boyfriend and his family. She also insists that the children call the boyfriends mother grandma. The boyfriend, BJ Rodriguez, raises pit bulls for breeding purposes and dog......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Legal Research

...1963 and is recorded on page 234 of volume 371 in the United States Reporter.            Lamb v. California, 371 U.S. 234 (1963). 2.       Please list all of the courts whose decisions are binding upon the federal district court for the District of Massachusetts.  United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit United States Supreme Court 3.       From the following sources of law within our legal system, list them in the order of most binding to least binding (assume all involved laws are valid) and explain why that order exists. a. state constitution; b. federal constitution; c. state legislation; d. federal legislation. Federal Constitution; Federal Legislation; State Constitution; State Legislation Article VI, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, known as the Supremacy Clause, sets forth that three distinct areas of legislation be at the forefront. It states that the Constitution, Federal statutes, and United States treaties encompass the "supreme law of the land", therefore making them the highest areas of law possible within the legal system of America. Federal legislature can’t violate the Constitution because the Constitution is considered the supreme law of the land. Any federal law trumps any conflicting state law. State legislature is restricted by state constitution. States can’t pass laws that interfere with the Constitution or federal legislation. The Supreme Court has the authority to overturn state laws that......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Research Writing

...ENG/102- Research Writing 3-30-2014 Sarah Ghoshal The Reality of AIDS The reality of the AIDS virus comes with bias opinions, fallacies and stereotypes of all kinds. To understand and know the truth about this virus, is to acknowledge facts and become educated. The speech "A Whisper of AIDS" by Mary Fisher addressed arguments and presented the growing concern of ignoring the severity of the disease. The speech by Mary Fisher addressed bias opinions and fallacies. As stated by Mary Fisher, "Because I was not gay, I was not at risk. Because I did not inject drugs, I was not at risk." (American Rhetoric, 2001). These fallacies and biased opinions were based on what people heard or believed, not what they knew. Mary Fisher also addressed the argument of AIDS to be recognized as a virus and not a political creature (American Rhetoric, 2001). Fisher's counter argument said, "Worldwide, forty million, sixty million, or a hundred million infections will be counted in the coming few years." (American Rhetoric, 2001). Her statements showed how ignorant society had been. People believing that they could not get infected, if they were not a drug user or not gay. The effects of her speech were global. As her speech was being broadcasted over numerous networks, 27 million people listened (Shaw, 2012). As stated by Normal Mailer, who was a guy covering the convention, "When Mary Fisher spoke like an angel that night, the floor was in tears, and conceivably the nation as well" (Shaw...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Legal Research

...For the first assignment, try these short questions involving legal research: 1. Please enter the correct citation for the Supreme Court case of Lamb against California, which was decided on January 7, 1963 and is recorded on page 234 of volume 371 in the United States Reporter. 371 U.S. 234; 83 S. Ct. 326; 9 L. Ed. 2d 495; 1963 U.S. LEXIS 2298, 2. Please list all of the courts whose decisions are binding upon the federal district court for the District of Massachusetts. United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit United States Supreme Court 3. From the following sources of law within our legal system, list them in the order of most binding to least binding (assume all involved laws are valid) and explain why that order exists. a. state constitution; b. federal constitution; c. state legislation; d. federal legislation; Federal Constitution; Federal Legislation; State Constitution; State Legislation Article VI, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, known as the Supremacy Clause, sets forth that three distinct areas of legislation be at the forefront. It states that the Constitution, Federal statutes, and United States treaties encompass the "supreme law of the land", therefore making them the highest areas of law possible within the legal system of America. Federal legislature can’t violate the Constitution because the Constitution is considered the supreme law of the land. Any federal law trumps any conflicting state......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Legal Writing

.........................#6# C. Merits#of#the#Argument#................................#6# 1. Praise# fiduciary# duties# when# they# made# no# attempt# to# balance# the# overriding# pecuniary# interests# of# the# public# benefit# iden certificate#of#incorporation# .....................#6# # a. The# Board# of# Directors# failed# to# adhere# to# which# is# required# of# all# public# benefit# corporations#...............................#7# # b. The# State# of# Delaware# intended# to# create# a# balance# of# all# interests# contained# in# the# public#benefit#corporation#statute#........#10# 2. Vprofit#public#benefit#corporation,#Praise# Video# has# no# corporate# interest# in# promoting# religious# values# because# corporations# are# separate# legal#entities#from#their#directors# .............#12# # # # 3. Even# if# Praise# Video# could# claim# a# corporate# interest# in# promoting# religious# values,# religiousV oriented# conduct# postVmerger# is# not# an# appropriate# i# # consideration.# ..................................#14# # II. EF# WAS# PROPER#BECAUSE#THE#GAMING#OPTION#IS#A#COERCIVE#AND#PRECLUSIVE# DEAL# PROTECTIVE# DEVICE,# THE# SOLE# PURPOSE# OF# WHICH# WAS# TO# THWART#THE#SHAREHOLDER#VOTE# ................................#16# A. Question#Presented#...................................#16# B. Scope#of#Review#......................................#16# C. Merits#of#the#Argument#...............................#16# 1.......

Words: 6285 - Pages: 26

Legal Writing

...LEGAL WRITING Prof. Gajić FINAL EXAM 1. Who can an attorney ask to prepare a brief? _________________________________ 2. Briefs should not be longer than one to two pages long and should be easy to read so that the reader does not have to spend much time understanding the reasoning of the case. T F 3. What are the two most important parts within the heading of internal legal memorandum? 4. The memo should begin with a statement of the issue, which is the legal question that the memorandum addresses. T F 5. The largest portion of the memo is the ______________ section. 6. The last section of the memorandum is the _________________, in which a brief summary of the memorandum is offered. 7. Name a few factors to consider when designing a law office space. What should be considered and offered to clients? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 8. Successful interviews require the right __________________ and _____________. 9. Describe a situation in which you are meeting with a client for the first time, how would you behave, approach him/her, guide the interview. _____________________________________________________________________......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Writing Research

...Effects of Contra st Abstract 2 50495 ation but Begin with the most import ant inform Include only information that appear do not repeat the paper title. or five s in the paper itself. State only four s, and/or fi ndings. Cite previous of the most import ant points, theorie research ISBN 1-4114-0234-0 9 781411 402348 relevant to your study. Defi ne all units abbrev iations and special terms, except for words. of measu rement. Do not exceed 120 Effects of Contra st EFFECTS OF CONT RAST ON REACTION TIME 1 Effects of Contra st on Reaction Time in a Semantic Categorization Task or John Q. Author and Susan G. Coauth Univer sity of the West Sara P. Thirdauthor Univer sity of the East Effects of Contra st Effects of Contra Categorization Task st on Reaction Time in a Semantic in an indented (0.5” or five to seven d paragr aph that provides an introdu 3 The text of the paper starts here, -space spaces), left-justified, and double tion to the subject of the paper. The c- introdu ction should begin one double space uction” label is necessary. below the paper’s title. No “Introd The introduction continues here ... APA-MLA 3.0.indd 1 t Eins In 19 Zu Zu Ei .. .. Effects of Contrast Method Participa nts total number Describe the selection process for subjects, the chosen, and the number in each subgroup or sample Materials ... of subjects 4 .. .. 19 s of Contra st 2 Describe......

Words: 2888 - Pages: 12

Legal Writing 2

...drinking. He denied having a drinking problem, but Sally says he drinks to excess on occasion. This could be dangerous, especially if he were transporting the child while intoxicated. After the hearing was completed, the judge said that she was prepared to decide all of the issues except custody. She has directed both of the attorneys to submit a memorandum on the custody issue. The parties are to submit memorandums simultaneously. The judge will review the memorandums, and will then make a decision about custody. Your first task is to take the role of a legal researcher for the attorney arguing that the mother should have custody. The first memorandum should be written from this perspective. Your second task is to take the role of a legal researcher for the attorney arguing that the father should have custody. The second memorandum should be written from this perspective. In your research for each memorandum, you should check both statutes and cases, keeping in mind the facts of the case...

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Legal Writing Assignment #3

...Legal Writing Assignment #3 Please carefully follow the below instructions: This assignment should be taken under exam conditions (one-hour time limit, closed book, no smoking). The assigned essay question should be taken at one sitting. Please write your answer in the IRAC format. Your assignment will be evaluated and critiqued. You will receive your personal feedback on your assignment within 14 days. Edward is a licensed physician. One of his patients was an elderly man named Winston. Edward treated Winston for Alzheimer's disease, but since he believed he was destitute, he never charged him for his medical services. In late Fall Winston went to see Edward for a routine checkup and Winston said to Edward, "I want to pay you back for all you have done for me over the years. If you will care for me for the rest of my life, I will give you my office building. I'm frightened because I have no heirs and you are the only one who cares for me. I need to know now that I can depend on you." Edward doubted that Winston owned any office building, but said nothing in response and just completed his examination of Winston and gave him some medication. Since Winston made the statement two years went by. Winston's health worsened and Edward continued to treat him. Edward forgot about Winston's statement regarding the office building. After five years of treating Winston, Edward learned that Winston was indeed the owner of the office building. Edward, remembering......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

Legal Writing

...solicitation of an offer. Ads are designed to solicit purchase orders, and as such, order itself would constitute the offer, w/ purchaser playing role of offeror. (Restatement §32) Analysis An agreement, upon sufficient consideration, to do or not to do a particular thing. 2 Bl. Comm. 442; 2 Kent, Comm. 449. Justice v. Lang, 42 N. Y. 496, 1 Am. Rep. 576; Edwards v. Kearzey, 96 U. S. 599, 24 L. Ed. 793; Canterberry v. Miller, 76 111. 355 Consideration is a key element required for a legally enforceable agreement. The key to understanding the doctrine of consideration is reciprocity, a bargain for transaction in which parties of the agreement must promise to give or do something that they are and are not under legal obligation to do for the other, and thereby suffer legal detriment and or benefit. Generally, an advertisement is simply an “invitation to treat” and a preliminary negotiation inviting other parties, at large (potential customers, vendor, etc...) to make an offer to buy or bid whatever that is being advertised. Therefore, an advertisement generally does not constitute an offer that will satisfy the requisite elements of an enforceable contract. However, in most cases such as yard sales, department store ads and car sealers advertisements are a preliminary offer to form a unilateral contract in which the buyer responds to seller’s ad and performs by tendering payment for the advertised item and the Buyer in response of the buyer tendering,......

Words: 4044 - Pages: 17

Legal Writing Project 1

...contents of the safe, along with money and jewelry, were taken. Fearing for the safety of his wife and children, Furlow took his family and went to his mother-in-law’s residence, approximately four hours away. The appointment with his attorney that morning was forgotten and he spent the weekend with his family at his mother-in-law’s residence. Upon his return on Monday, March 22, Dr. Furlow rescheduled his appointment with his attorney for March 23. Legal Writing Project 1 7 Meanwhile, on March 23, a default judgment was entered against Furlow. Furlow’s attorney phoned the court clerk the afternoon of March 23 and was told that a default judgment had been entered. He immediately filed a motion to set aside the default judgment. You are the attorney’s paralegal and are instructed to review the two cases he believes are on point in this case and the applicable statutes. After reading the material, prepare a memorandum explaining whether they are applicable, favorable or unfavorable, and how they relate to the facts in this case. Legal...

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Legal Writing

...Hearing Dear Ms. Smith: This letter is to advise you that your Tax Assessment Appeal Hearing is scheduled for March 6, 2005 at 10:35 a.m. at the Office of the Tax Assessors of Lackawanna County. The Assessor's offices are located at the County Office Building, 5th Floor, 211 Ace Road, Clark, PA. Attorney Smith asked me to tell you that he would like to meet you in the lobby of the County Office Building at 10:25 a.m. and he will walk to the Hearing with you. Also, please do not forget to bring the pictures of all comparable houses in your area with you as Attorney Smith will need those for the hearing. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact our office. Very truly yours, Polly Paralegal, Legal Assistant Encl. / THIS DEED Made the 4th day of November, in the year Two Thousand and Four (2004) Between JANE P. SMITH, of the Borough of Clark, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, hereinafter referred to as the Grantor . A N D ADAM JONES and SALLY JONES, husband and wife, of the Borough of Clark, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, hereinafter referred to as the Grantees. WITNESSETH, That in consideration of the sum of One Hundred and Fifty Thousand ($150,000.00) Dollars, in hand paid, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, the Grantor does hereby grant and convey to the said Grantees, their Heirs and Assigns, ALL those certain lots, pieces or parcels of land situate in the......

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7

Avant-garde jazz | Video Nhật | Kuwaiti Dinar