Juvenile Alternatives to Incarceration

In: Social Issues

Submitted By djschuster3
Words 1694
Pages 7
Juvenile Sentencing Alternatives to Incarceration
David Schuster
Oakland Community College

Abstract
There are many different ways to punish a juvenile for a crime that they have committed. The most common is incarceration, otherwise known as jail or prison. This option has many disadvantages. I will explore the different aspects of incarceration: how it affects the juveniles, and if, over all, it is an effective way to punish young criminals. I will then present several alternatives to incarceration, now being used, such as: community diversion, counseling, education, behavior management, probation, as well as other methods that not only punish the juvenile, but also provide an opportunity for rehabilitation. For this paper, when talking about incarceration and community alternatives as sentencing options, I intend for them to be applied to the not as serious juvenile crimes. Status offenses, minor in possession, breaking and entering, and minor burglary charges would fall into this category. However, I think for more serious, violent crimes there is less discretion as to punishment options, and therefore most community alternatives may not apply to them. Keywords: Incarceration, community alternatives, juvenile delinquents

Juvenile Sentencing Alternatives to Incarceration Incarceration for juveniles in this country is largely based upon our criminal justice system for adults. As Jeffery Fagen (2010) states in his article, there are many similarities between the two systems. The primary goal of both is to punish and isolate the offenders from the outside. Freedom of movement is severely limited, as is contact with family and friends. Fagen (2010) states:
…Privacy is nonexistent; and the choice of clothing, language, and other modes of personal expression is off-limits. Whatever developmental importance these forms of self-expression and…...

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