History of Press in Sub Continent

In: Historical Events

Submitted By razi
Words 499
Pages 2
History of Muslim Press in Sub-Continent – Part Four
Continued from the previous part …
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was a great Muslim reformer, educationists and politician of the Sub-continent. After the revolt against the British, when the position of the Muslims in the Sub-continent was quite pathetic and Muslims were going through a social and financial crisis, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan came to the forefront and created awareness amongst Muslims about the importance of education and a lifestyle which was closer to the British. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan made sure that the Muslims understood the importance of the modern education and science, so that they could compete with the Hindus and could claim their rights for the job opportunities and a better lifestyle.
Sir Syed started Aligarh Movement, which had a motto of promoting education amongst the Muslims after the revolt of 1857. He fought against the Hindu conspiracies against Urdu. Risala-dar-Asbab-i-Bhagawati-i-Hind, Ahkam-i-Ta’am-i-Ahl-i-Kitab and Loyal Mohammadans of India were some of his best works. He started various schools and colleges where English language was taught with Urdu and Persian. He founded a Scientific Society where he started the periodical which was first called Scientific Society Papers and later, the Aligarh Institute Gazette.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan played a significant role in reshaping the public opinion amongst the Muslims. After 1857, Sir Syed had realized that it is very hard for Muslims to survive with the Hindus but still he was in favour of the United India until the Urdu-Hindi controversy. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan would always be remembered in the history books as a revolutionary leader who gave a new direction to the Muslims of the Sub-continent which took them to the way of independence. Sir Syed’s role can be referred as the root of the making of Pakistan and the separation from the Hindus.…...

Similar Documents


...Competition Bikes, Inc. bicycle. This extraordinary success rate consistently is a topic of conversation among racers and this word of mouth advertising has been effective in promoting sales. The company also uses these statistics to promote sales, although its advertising efforts have been quite limited. The Main Competitor Two Wheel Racing, Inc. is the only other manufacturer that offers a competitive product in this market space. Their product weighs only a few ounces more than the bikes made by Competition Bikes, Inc. but Two Wheel Racing builds a chain driven product. Two Wheel Racing, Inc is also a publicly traded company. Their financial ratios are provided for comparison and analysis. THE COMPANY AND ITS CENTRAL OPERATIONS Ownership History: Larry Ferguson formed the company in 2001 in his garage. An avid racer, Larry often heard comments from other riders about how heavy and unreliable their bikes were. Larry identified and sought to remedy this market niche by creating a specialized product that would satisfy the needs of racers. His new company also proved to be a vehicle for financial success. Early success prompted Larry to take the company public after three years in order to acquire sufficient capital to build the two current manufacturing facilities. His bikes enjoyed high demand and good profit margins. Larry continues to be the CEO of the Competition Bikes, Inc. and retains a 40% interest of company shares. Standard Company Procedures for Operations Each......

Words: 3636 - Pages: 15

Printing Press

...The Printing Press Introduction: The Advancement The advancement in question is the printing press, a technological innovation that profoundly altered human culture. It may be argued, in fact, that this advancement revolutionized humanity and society in a manner rivaled only by the modern advent of the Internet. Moreover, as will be discussed, these were impacts with both varied and far-reaching consequences: “Paper and printing paved the way for religious reformation and made possible popular education” (Thompson, 1978, p. 167). It is then all the more astonishing that such consequences could arise from so simple a mechanism, or that its development would be realized as late as the 15th century. What is generally considered the original version of the modern printing press is a machine consisting of several key components. A long wooden table provides the surface for setting out the paper and ink, and these are then placed under the upright frame of the press itself. Before this step, however, every stage requires exacting work. First, the type is needed, which are metal blocks with raised letters, numbers, and punctuation marks on one end. This type is then arranged to spell out the document, smeared with ink, and lowered by the frame onto the paper by means of a large and adjustable screw, supported by a cross beam (Hook, 2009, p. 46). The press is, again, hardly an impressive-looking feat of engineering. Essentially, it......

Words: 2229 - Pages: 9

Freedom of the Press

...Freedom of the Press Research Paper Kristine Najar Columbia Southern University Freedom of the press is the right to publish newspapers, magazines, and other printed matter without governmental restriction and subject only to the laws of libel, obscenity, sedition, etc. (Dictionary.com, 2013). Freedom of the press gives the right to circulate opinions in print or on broadcasted radio and television, without censorship by the government. Americans enjoy freedom of the press under the First Amendment to the Constitution. Though we have this right as Americans, we should not abuse it. This paper is an analysis of the problem that we face in our current society in America. I will discuss the history of Freedom of the Press, along with the abuse that we face today from politics to social media. In the United States we pride ourselves on the rights we have. We are the freest country in the world, but with that comes a huge responsibility. Many Americans abuse the free rights others worked so hard to accomplish. Freedom of the Press is just one of those hard-earned rights. Back in the early 18th century, there was a time when newspapers just printed material that was similar to books, pamphlets, and posters. Most of the information in the newspaper from the colonies was reprints of other publications, stories of local interest, literature, advertisements, and opinions (Illinois Press Association Guide to First Amendment and Illinois Access Laws, 1995) Then, the Stamp Act of......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4

History of Indian Sub Continent

...PAPER 28 THE HISTORY OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT FROM THE LATE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TO THE PRESENT DAY READING LIST: 2012-13 C. A. Bayly cab1002@cam.ac.uk 1 The History of The Indian Subcontinent From The Late Eighteenth Century To The Present Day A fifth of the world's population lives in the Indian subcontinent. While today the region’s place in the global world order is widely recognised, this is in fact only the most recent chapter in a longer history. This paper offers an understanding of the part played by the Indian subcontinent role and its people in the making of the modern world. From the decline of the great empire of the Mughals and the rise of British hegemony, to the rise of nationalism, the coming of independence and partition, the consolidation of new nation states despite regional wars and conflicts, and the emergence of India as the largest democracy in the world, this paper is a comprehensive and analytical survey of the subcontinent's modern history. The dynamic and complex relationships between changing forms of political power and religious identities, economic transformations, and social and cultural change are studied in the period from 1757 to 2007. In normal circumstances students will be given 6 supervisions in groups of 1 or 2. Key themes and brief overview: The paper begins by examining the rise of British power in the context of economic developments indigenous to southern Asia; it analyses the role played by Indian polities and social......

Words: 11803 - Pages: 48


...History The history of Africa begins with the prehistory of Africa and the emergence of Homo sapiens in East Africa, continuing into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states. Some early evidence of agriculture in Africa dates from 16,000 BCE,[1] and metallurgy from about 4000 BCE. The recorded history of early civilization arose in Egypt, and later in Nubia, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. During the Middle Ages, Islam spread through the regions. Crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel, a major center of Muslim culture was Timbuktu. Some notable pre-colonial states and societies in Africa include the Nok culture, Mali Empire, Ashanti Empire, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kingdom of Sine, Kingdom of Saloum, Kingdom of Baol, Kingdom of Zimbabwe, Kingdom of Kongo, Ancient Carthage, Numidia, Mauretania, theAksumite Empire, the Ajuuraan State and the Adal Sultanate. From the late 15th century, Europeans and Arabs took slaves from West, Central and Southeast Africa overseas in the African slave trade.[2] European colonization of Africa developed rapidly in the Scramble for Africaof the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Following struggles for independence in many parts of the continent, as well as a weakened Europe after the Second World War, decolonization took place. Africa's history has been challenging for researchers in the field of African studies because of the scarcity of written sources in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Scholarly......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Freedom of Press

...WORLD PRESS FREEDOM ,OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN WORLD PRESS FREEDOM ,OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN AAAS 63/5-L SAHIWAL +923006927563 5/5/2011 AAAS 63/5-L SAHIWAL +923006927563 5/5/2011 AKRAM SAQIB Freedom of press is the most wanted freedom but it is being abused everywhere in the world. The powerful states deem it their right to use press for their covert purposes. AKRAM SAQIB Freedom of press is the most wanted freedom but it is being abused everywhere in the world. The powerful states deem it their right to use press for their covert purposes. World Press Freedom Day, Other Side of the Coin On 3rd of May every year, soon after the termination of the Labour Day activities world press freedom day is observed. Freedom of press is a perpetual issue. There is always divided opinion over rights and duties of press. The media owners and journalists are always of the view that there should be liberty of they are bound to the futile rules and regulations and have no freedom to express the truth. On the other hand the ministries of the information argue that they have given extra ordinary freedom to the press. In fact these two opinions are the two extremes. The situation is in between these two states. Media insists on knowing more and more in order to astonish their viewers and readers. There is a lot of evidence that media aggrandize the matters always or conceal facts due to some overt purposes. Each and every country has formulated laws to control the media. There is code of conduct......

Words: 2519 - Pages: 11


...That history contains errors, will not come as news to a person who has reflected on the topic. The very first history, a Greek one, History of Herodotus, written around 450 BC, likely had quite a number of fictional details so as to effect its purpose.1 Those parts of our history which are suspected to be fiction are, at least, through research and comparison, salvageable. What, however, is possibly more disturbing than the realization that, in general and throughout, our history is wrong (a sub-topic which I shall treat to a greater extent further on, herein) is the realization that there are great gaps in it. We have failed to record and gather together the little human events which make up the fabric of history: it is little events, strung together and accumulated over time, which account for our place in history. Though it may have been, in certain of its parts, reconstructed incorrectly and small shards are missing here and there, history, by a well-read and descriptive author, like a Grecian urn, is a spectacle to behold; like man himself -- fascinating, seductive, intriguing, and spectacular. Maybe most are like me, I enjoy observing, at a safe distance, the follies and misfortunes2 of my fellow men. An author of history must adopt a method to gratify the natural curiosity that most of us have about the bloody events of times past. History, like all literature, must be written in a lively and descriptive manner. This is necessary, so to grip and hold the reader, in...

Words: 922 - Pages: 4


...Impact of Crusades in European History The time referred to as the High Middle Ages in Europe in the 11th century was in stark contrast to the Europe of the Renaissance. The continent was divided into kingdoms of weaker monarchs fragmented into small fiefdoms. The political landscape was dominated by the powerful aristocracy and even more powerful men of the religion. Life conditions were dismal for most of the population, trade was nearly nonexistent. In terms of arts and sciences, European civilization was dwarfed by those of the Middle East and Asia. Yet, in a couple centuries Europe would become one of the most powerful, sophisticated civilizations in the world. This change can be attributed in no small part to its interaction with the Orient though Crusades that spanned from the end of the 11th century to the end of the 13th century. The 35,000 men that joined the first Crusade embarked on a journey to a world that was very different than Europe. After capturing Jerusalem and settling down in various places in the Middle East, they saw that the Muslims lived luxurious lives. Their civilization was hundreds of years ahead of their own in terms of culture, technology and sciences. The Arabs had spent centuries in major cities copying the texts of classical Greek philosophers and making additions on the existing body of knowledge. The works of philosopher scientists such as Ibn Sina and Biruni were taught in European centers of learning emerging at the time of the first...

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Printing Press

...The Printing Press What’s so important about the Printing Press? It had numerous reasons as to why it was so important, but this essay will just name a few. This will tell the reader who invented it and what inspired him to do so. It will explain the importance the printing press had at the time it was invented. Along with explaining how important the machine was at the time of its invention, this will also explain how the machine is still important today. It is important because it enabled books such as the bible to be produced and helped the spread of ideas. Johan Gutenberg lived in Strasberg, Germany in 1450 when he invented the Printing Press Movable. Information concerning Gutenberg’s life is minimal since history has little knowledge about him. One thing we do know is that he was born in Mainz, Germany, where he moved to and set up a printing shop and completed the first true book in the West produced by his movable printing press: The Bible, completed between 1455 -1456. Unfortunately, he lost his shop to a creditor. Gutenberg died at the age of seventy-one in the year 1468. Printing became one of the largest industries in the western world. It had an enormous impact on the intellectual society. New religious ideas would have never been able to spread with such speed and ease throughout Europe without the aid of printing press. The Bible commentaries, books of devotion, and sermons made up more than 50% of the publication printed and spread throughout......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2


...Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-43544-4 - Liberties Lost: Caribbean Indigenous Societies and Slave Systems Hilary McD. Beckles and Verene A. Shepherd Excerpt More information Chapter 1 The indigenous Caribbean people Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival .... Bob Marley Three thousand years before the Christian era a distinct Caribbean civilisation was established. These civilisations had a strong influence on the peoples of the ancient world. They, together with other communities, helped shape the way society was organised, how work, money and the economy were planned, and how human culture was created and developed. Together with their continental cousins in Mexico, Guatemala, Peru and elsewhere, the ancient Caribbean communities engaged with and used their environment in dynamic and creative ways. The Caribbean, then, was home to an old and ancient cultural civilisation that continues to shape and inform our present-day understanding and identity. In this chapter we will learn about: 1. The culture of indigenous Caribbean people 2. The Ciboney 3. The Taino 4. The Kalinago 5. Continental cousins: Maya, Aztec, and Inca 1 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-43544-4 - Liberties Lost: Caribbean Indigenous Societies and Slave Systems Hilary McD. Beckles and Verene A. Shepherd Excerpt More information 1 The culture of indigenous Caribbean people It has......

Words: 3305 - Pages: 14

The Sub Cultures of Sindh

..........................................................................................9 Poetry and Music................................................................................9 Specialities of Sindhi Cities....................................................................10 Conclusions and Recommendations......................................................11 References..............................................................................................12 Executive Summary This term paper mainly consists of the sub-culture of Sindh. The sub-culture of Sindh is full of colors and life. From its origin to language, food to clothing, buildings to architecture , handicrafts to arts and crafts, everything is simply amazing. Each city of Sindh is popular due to some reason and each city has beautiful customs and traditions which depicts the sub-culture of Pakistan. Introduction: Description: The word “sub-culture” means a group having social, economic, ethnic, or other traits distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society. The Culture of Sindh has its roots in the Indus Valley Civilization (e.g Moenjodaro, Harappa). Sindh has been shaped by the geography of the largely desert region, the natural resources it had available and the continuous foreign influences. The Indus or Sindhu River that passes through the land, and the Arabian Sea (that defines its borders) also supported the oceangoing traditions among......

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

History of Chennai

...neighbourhood is a world of its own. But the romantic onlooker will find tremendous heritage entombed under the sheath of malignance and stink that characterises today’s north. The locality’s first tryst with history occurs in the year 1639, when the idea of a city was ingrained here; thereby making North Madras the seed from which the entire Metropolis of today’s Chennai blossomed. But few people know about the hormonal slant of one man, Francis Day, that ultimately led to the founding of Fort St.George at its present location. Francis Day was an English merchant and a representative of the British East India Company. He brokered a deal with Venkatadri Nayak for setting up a trading outpost. He was smitten by a Portuguese noblewoman who resided in San Thome, a Portuguese establishment, and therefore wanted to set up the outpost as close to her as possible. This humble trade post, burgeoned into a fort and, at the behest of merchant Beri Thimappah, soon bustled with native merchants and craftsmen who traded and served their sahibs inside the fort, thus establishing Black Town outside the walls of Fort St.George. Ironic, that our diligent and conservative Chennai had had such a sultry genesis. The year 1677 saw another event that would be etched in the memory of the history of this locality. Chhathrapathi Shivaji, the indomitable Maratha came to worship the deity of the Kalikambal temple located in Thambu Chetty Street during a recce mission for his battles against the......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Demographic Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa

...Demographic transformation: the dilemma of sub-Saharan Africa Demographic transformation or transition is referred to as the process by which a country moves from high birth and high death rates to low birth and low death rates with population growth in the interim. The demographic transition model is comprised of 5 stages. The Sub- Saharan African region is believed to be still in stage 1, which refers to having high death rates and high fertility rates (birth rates) although the condition is far better than it was just a few years back. The demographic transition started in European populations living in Europe and elsewhere around 1880 and at present, almost all developing countries have entered the demographic transformation, i.e. mortality rates are declining and fertility rates follow. It was believed that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa will also follow the same pattern. But the demographic transformation has taken the speed of a slug in this part of the world. Sub-Saharan Africa mostly consists of countries regarded as underdeveloped or developing and is part of the so-called Third World. Third World countries share many characteristics but at the continental level they are not the same. For instance, sub-Saharan Africa is sparsely populated, in contrast to South and East Asia, and it is much less urbanized than Latin America. It stands out amidst the other major regions of the Third World for having the slowest rate of economic growth in recent years: an average......

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6

History of Media and Journalism in the Sub-Continent

...Over the past two or three centuries we had seen innovations, inventions and developments all around the world and almost in all fields of life which we are experiencing currently. Journalism and media are also one of those fields which came into existence, progressed with the passage of time and then proved their worth and importance for any nation and its common man’s life. Both of these fields were not as exciting, couple of centuries ago, as they are now because at that time they possessed a different meaning and ideology. The history of journalism and media varies from one part of the world to the others and this essay is only focussed on such history in the subcontinent. Beginning in the Subcontinent In the sub-continent, journalism started with preliminary handwritten news sheets, prepared by government news-writers during the Muslim rule. They were written, dated, appeared at regular and frequent intervals. Such news sheets provided the rulers with information from all corners of the empire, regarding public occurrences, current-events, mischief in societies and hardships faced by the people. From this information, the rulers used to take decisions and plan initiatives to uphold good governance. In short, the early hand-written sheets proved effective social mobilization vehicle to hold peace and contentment in the empires. The legendary Mughal emperors enhanced and strengthened it to the superior degree of excellence. News-writers or stringers were......

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Wald Press

...WALD PRESS Written Analysis and Communication- I KUMAR ABHISHEK AIIM -PGPIM-2012-24 03-09-2012 Letter of Transmittal To: Manager, Wald Press From: Abhishek, Executive, Wald Press Date: 03/09/1946 RE: Analysis & recommended remedies of current problems faced by Wald Press Wald Press is under tremendous pressure from Campbell Brothers to drop the outside contracts and concentrate all production on its orders only. But Wald Press does not want to drop outside contracts and also cannot afford to displease or loose Campbell brothers. The purpose of the report is to find the suitable solution that will help Wald Press in maximizing profit, and strengthening company’s position in the market, keeping in mind all the constraints. The contents of the report concentrate on the recommendations supported by data along with the action plan to realize the purpose. Sincerely, Kumar Abhishek Executive-Production Executive Summary Campbell Brothers, a Manhattan publishing house is pressurizing Wald Press to drop outside contracts, which it has obtained during the depression of 1930’s, when Campbell brothers was unable to supply Wald Press with sufficient work. Wald Press does not want to drop outside contracts, and also capacity expansion and overtime are not feasible. Several options have been considered in order to deal with this intricate issue, and after analyzing each option, the option which suits the best is considered. Action plan for implementation of the......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

מסכות | Techno (Radioshows, Podcasts, Livesets, Mixes) | Maou Dante