Expectancy Theory

In: Business and Management

Submitted By admz
Words 659
Pages 3
Expectancy Theory Overview
Expectancy Theory is a sociological explanation of human motivation. The theory specifies a three factor formula used to quantify motivation. When these factors are multiplied together, they yield an indication of how strongly motivated someone is relative to a certain task or activity. The three factors are based on perceived probabilities and individual values. The product of these factors is the motivational force. The strength of the motivational force signal can be correlated to an individual’s behavior in certain organizational situations and environments (QuickMBA, 2010).
Expectancy Theory: Factors
The three factors of Expectancy Theory are: Expectancy probability, Instrumentality probability and Valence. Expectancy probability relates to an individual’s analysis of how much effort they need to exert to produce a desired level of performance. The results of this analysis may depend on and individuals personality and their familiarity with the associated tasks. Instrumentality probability relates performance to rewards. It is an individual’s assessment of how likely they are to receive a reward, such as a raise or promotion, given a certain level of personal job performance. Valence concerns an individual’s value judgment. It is an individual’s personal assessment of the relative importance of things in their life (QuickMBA, 2010).
Expectancy Theory: Case Study
In this case study, a company is attempting to implement a new production process focused on quality improvements. However, some employees are not adapting well to the new methods, and thus the company’s goals are at risk.
Supervisor B’s interview, with Supervisor A’s employees, reveals two distinct motivational challenges. First, some employees believe they are not physically able to adapt to the new process. Second, some employees have demonstrated the…...

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