Elli Lily

In: Business and Management

Submitted By qsdfgqdsfgq
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OPERATIONS GEOMETRIQUES 2D

1

Les opérations géométriques ont pour but de modifier la position des informations contenues dans l'image sans modifier le niveau de gris. Ces opérations peuvent s'appliquer à la totalité des points d'une image (les pixels), un objet particulier de l'image, voire à certains points spécifiques (recalage de points caractéristiques).

Fig 1 - Recalage géométrique d'une image

Ces opérations présentent un intérêt dans de nombreuses applications: - correction des distorsions géométriques liées au matériel optique. La distorsion la plus fréquente est celle introduite par l'objectif lui-même (effet de "tonneau" ou de "barillet"). - correction de la perspective d'une scène 3D projetée sur un capteur 2D. Pour envisager des mesures précises des objets présents dans la scène, il peut être utile de restituer une image corrigée par une opération géométrique adaptée. - compensation du mouvement de la caméra pour un système embarqué pour ramener l'image dans un repère de représentation fixe. - mise en correspondance d'images prises dans des conditions différentes (prises de vue satellitaires, radiographie, tomographie). Si l'objectif est de comparer l'évolution des images entre deux vues prises à des intervalles très éloignés (un an par exemple). Les conditions ne seront jamais les mêmes; la première étape sera donc un recalage géométrique de la nouvelle vue sur la première prise comme référence, pour une stricte mise en correspondance des deux vues. L'objet de cette présentation des opérations géométriques est de donner des outils de base 2D.La même approche est souvent utilisée en robotique mobile lorsque la caméra est embarquée sur le robot. Notion d'opération géométrique Les opérations géométriques de base sont la translation, la rotation, l'homothétie ou la symétrie. Pour chacune de ces opérations, on peut considérer que l'opération est…...

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