Digestive System

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By GTBLUE1
Words 752
Pages 4
1. Functions of digestive system include: Convert food to energy Absorb digested nutrients Eliminate waste
2. Digestion process includes: Physical breakdown of food Chemical conversion and absorption Storage and eliminationNot assimilation – incorporation of nutrients into protoplasm
3. Lining of the abdominal cavity is Peritoneal membrane
4. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is also called alimentary canal.
5. Buccal or oral cavity contains:TeethTongueSalivary glands
6. The salivary glands that get inflamed during mumps attack are parotid glands.
7. The saliva contains enzymes that convert starch into sugars.
8. Categories of teeth include:Incisors CaninesMolars
9. The organ that connects the buccal cavity (mouth) with the stomach is esophagus:
10. Common passage for food and air is pharynx.
11. The part of stomach that connects to small intestine is Pyloris.
12. The functions of stomach include:Storage of food Churning of food Chemical conversion of food
13. When the stomach is empty, its internal lining is thrown in folds called Rugae:
14. The part of small intestine joining the stomach is Duodenum
15. Pancreas and liver pour their juices in Duodenum.
16. The main function of small intestine is absorption of digested food.
17. Finger like projections in the small intestine that increase surface area and are richly supplied with blood capillaries to absorb the digested food are villi.
18. The part of large intestine joining the small intestine is Cecum:
19. Vermiform appendix is attached to cecum.
20. Semi-solid food that enters from small intestine into large intestine is called chyme.
21. Parts of colon include: ascending, transverse, descending colon
22. Lower portion of the descending colon that on entry in the pelvis region forms S-shaped bend is called sigmoid colon.
23. Accessory organs of the digestive system include:…...

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