Development Theories

In: Other Topics

Submitted By SANACK2831
Words 1589
Pages 7
Development Theories
Sara Nackowicz
Psy : 104
Child and Adolescent Development
Karen Williams

Page One
Development Theories

In this paper I will talk about three of the development theories which are personality structure, psychosexual development and psychosocial development. All three of these developments are very important in a child’s life and helps them become who they are and I will explain how and why in this paper.

According to Sigmund Freud in our text, there are three essential components: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id stage is more of a selfish state where everything is about you and only you. For an example when you are an infant everything is about you and only you. According to Simply Psychology, “The id consists of all the inherited (i.e. biological) components of personality, including the sex (life) instinct – Eros (which contains the libido), and aggressive (death) instinct – Thanatos.” In an infant, their personality is nothing but Id and then when they become older is when the other two stages fall into place. You cry for a reason and most of the time it is either because you are hungry, dirty, sleepy or even just need to be comforted. So there for you cry because you want your caregiver to feed you, clean you, or even snuggle with you so you can fall asleep.

The ego state comes around the age of two or three when as Freud states, “the job of the ego to satisfy the demands of the id and to have realistic plans for obtaining what the id wants. Also according to simply psychology, “Initially the ego is “that part of the id which has been modified by the direct influence of the external world” (Freud 1923).” The ego is rational as it
Page Two
Development Theories

tries to rein in the instincts of the id.” The ego state comes in when like a child sees another child eating something that…...

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