Dementia and the Family

In: Other Topics

Submitted By andreabeth
Words 1296
Pages 6
Andrea Harris
Alzheimer’s Dementia
Rasmussen College

Authors Note
This paper is being submitted on September 13, 2012 for Abnormal Psychology summer 2012 by Andrea Harris.

Alzheimer’s Disorder is a disease that severely affects not only the person, but the family as well. There is no cure, only ways to slow down the progression. This disorder is not known by a lot of people or understood. The only way to do that is by educating. In this paper I hope to go over symptoms, treatments, diagnosis, and what to expect when someone you love is affected. This is not something that only attacks the elderly, it can affect any age. After reading this I hope to bring a better understanding of how to help loved ones and what to expect. My mother has Alzheimer’s disease and I am her daughter as well as her caretaker. This paper is personal for me and is meant to help those loved ones have a better understanding and how to deal with being confronted with is. Alzheimer’s is not a personal disease, but a family disease. It affects everyone involved emotionally and physically. I know that even to do this I struggle. This paper is my gift to help simplify things and help caretakers and loved ones build knowledge not only for the person with the disease, but for them as well.
There are several types of dementia such as from trauma or drug use. In this paper we are talking about Alzheimer’s dementia. It is the most common form and is over 70% of most cases. When you hear a doctor tell you loved one they have dementia it can be very confusing and shocking. A simple way to explain this is dementia is a symptom and Alzheimer’s is the cause. Dementia is a significant loss of memory problems, cognitive issues, and severely effects the person way in which they live daily (Stern 2011). This is not a disease that is easily diagnosed and may take a lot of tests and trials before a…...

Similar Documents

Dementia

...Dementia is a loss of mental function such as thinking, memory and reasoning that is severe enough to interfere with a person’s daily activity. It is a descriptive term for a collection of symptoms that can be caused by a number of disorders that affect the brain. They also lose their ability to solve problems and maintain emotional control, and they could experience personality changes and behavioral problems such as agitation, delusions, and hallucinations. While memory loss is a common symptom of dementia, memory loss by itself does not mean that a person has dementia. We all forget things as we get older. Many older people have a slight loss of memory that does not affect their daily lives so doctors diagnose dementia only if two or more brain functions - such as memory, language skills, perception, or cognitive skills including reasoning and judgment. All forms of dementia result from the death of nerve cells and/or the loss of communication among these cells. Things that may cause dementia are Strokes, tumors, or head injuries. Some diseases that cause Dementia are Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal dementia. In some cases dementia is caused by a problem that can be treated like underactive thyroid gland, not getting enough vitamin B12, and fluid buildup in the brain. Many types of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body dementia, Parkinson's dementia, and Pick's disease, are characterized by abnormal structures called......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Dementia

...Running Head: DEMENTIA Dementia The many stages of dementia Crystal Pare University of Phoenix Worldwide, there are 35.6 million people diagnosed with dementia and climbs another 7.7 million each year, most cases, over the age of 65. Alzheimer’s, the most widely known symptom of dementia can be detected in a small amount of people, well before they are 65 years of age. There is, as of yet, no cure for Alzheimer’s disease (dementia), and the progressive range of organic brain diseases which are categorized by difficulties of short-term memory and other cognitive insufficiencies. There is very little in the way of treatment at this time, while scientists have been studying this disease for many years, and have started getting a better idea of the disease with constant successes. As dementia becomes more prevalent worldwide, proper diagnosis of the stages of dementia, each defined by its own distinct symptoms and behaviors, is key to providing effective treatment. Dementia is the loss of logical functions such as thinking, memory, and perception that is severe enough to inhibit with a person’s daily operations or functions. Dementia is not a group of symptoms alone, but somewhat a collection of symptoms caused by several diseases or ill conditions. Symptoms can include fluctuations in character, mood, and behavior. Some cases of dementia are treated and even cured because the source itself is correctable. Instances of this include dementia formed by......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Dementia

...Adams 1 Joyce Adams English 252 Julie King February 19, 2014 Dementia Have you ever thought about hurting someone? Maybe there were something about that person which drove you to hate them and their disfigurement, and you want to harm them. Have you ever felt like taking a life, or the guilt that follows such a horrible act? The narrator in “The Tell Tale Heart” has felt all of these feelings. The narrator in “The Tell Tale Heart” is psychotic. He shows us his insecurity because he wants to kill the old man just because of his malformed eye. He thinks it is alright to kill the old man and because he believes he is right, he thinks killing the old man is a stable and rational thing to do. In the end, his mental illnesses drive him to his confession of this awful act. In the "Tell-Tale Heart", Edgar Allan Poe uses irony, imagery, and symbolism to describe how psychotic, frighteningly, and twisted mind this narrator really is. First, irony the narrator confesses how sane he is; he is exhibiting his insanity as he describes his actions and motives for the murder (Edgar, Poe). Secondly, irony in the story is that the narrator/murderer refers to how he loves the old man and quote, “I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I kill him’’(Poe). Its irony that he loves the guy but he systematically plans to kill him. Lastly, an irony of this short story is that shortly after the narrator kills the old man and hides his heart......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Dementia

...Dementia Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning. This includes thinking, remembering and reasoning. Memory loss is usually accompanied by at least one of the following symptoms: impaired movement, difficulty with language and the inability to plan and initiate appropriate social behavior. Dementia ranges in severity from mild problems in functioning to the most severe stage of complete dependence. There are several types of dementia. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease. It slows and destroys memory and thinking functions as well as the ability to complete even the simplest everyday tasks. Age related Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia in people over 60. The World Health Organization (2001) estimates that 5 percent of men and 6 percent of women suffer from Alzheimer’s disease worldwide (Whitbourne & Halgin, 2012). Throughout the coming decades the baby boom generation is expected to add 10 million Alzheimer’s cases to the U.S. population alone (Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association, 2013). Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia, which causes issues with the thinking process, memory, and behavior. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s develop slowly and gets worse as time goes on. In the early stages of Alzheimer’s memory loss is very mild but as it progresses it starts disrupting their daily lives. Some......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Devastation of Dementia

...The Devastation of Dementia: Pathophysiology and Case Study Introduction Relatively little is known about dementia, a disease which affects over 35 million people worldwide (Norton, et al., 2012). Early signs and symptoms may be confused with the “normal” aging process. Those with the disease often try to cover up their mental decline in the early stages, making early diagnosis even more difficult. Educating the medical community and the general population about the signs, symptoms and causes of dementia is an important step in seeking out a cure for this fatal disease. Dementia is a general term for a syndrome that is progressive in nature and is marked by deterioration in cognitive function that is greater than what would normally be expected. There are many types of dementia, the most common of which is Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s Disease accounts for over 60% of the cases of dementia. Vascular Dementia is the second most common form. Others include Lewy Body Dementia, Parkinsonian Dementia, and Frontotemporal Dementia. There is no cure for any type of dementia, although there are treatments that help lessen the symptoms. Dementia is a progressive disorder and always results in death, either from complications such as falls" or pneumonia or the dementia itself. The number of people with dementia worldwide is expected to reach over 115 million by the year 2050. The current cost of treating dementia is over 1.5 times that of all cancers combined......

Words: 2319 - Pages: 10

Dementia Care

...Unit 40: Dementia Care P1: Describe types of dementia and common signs and symptoms. What is dementia? Dementia is a common condition that affects about 800,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65. Dementia is a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with: * memory loss * thinking speed * mental agility * language * understanding * judgment People with dementia can lose interest in their usual activities, and have problems controlling their emotions. They may also find social situations challenging, lose interest in socializing, and aspects of their personality may change. A person with dementia may lose empathy (understanding and compassion), they may see or hear things that other people do not (hallucinations), or they may make false claims or statements. As dementia affects a person's mental abilities, they may find planning and organizing difficult. Being independent may also become a problem. A person with dementia will therefore usually need help from friends or relatives, including help with decision making. Most types of dementia can't be cured, but if it is detected early there are ways to slow it down and maintain mental function. Dementia is a collection of symptoms including memory loss, personality change, and impaired intellectual functions resulting from......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Dementia

...Aunt Gail Top Disabilities: * Dementia * Alzheimer’s * Loss of motor skills Family Essay The top person in my life is my mother and the top disability is dementia. Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. It is a common disease that adult and the elderly can develop overtime. If my mother got this disability I would be completely devastated. I couldn’t do all the things I did with her before she got this disability. I couldn’t go shopping, cook, travel, or even talk to her like I did before. Life wouldn’t ever be the same and would change drastically once her disability got severe. My family would be supportive and would help us take care of her. My family and my extended family are so supportive and would do anything for each other. I am glad my family is like this so no one is afraid to ask for help or getting judged. If my mother needed to be taken to an appointment or therapy and my siblings and I couldn’t take her someone else would in a heartbeat. The worst about this disability is the memory loss. If my mother had dementia she would forget about her whole family. It must be heartbreaking to know that your mother doesn’t know your name or all the good memories you’ve had together. I would be so supportive and do anything in my power to help my mother. I know that the role switch when your parents get old but them having dementia would make it worse. The normal......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Defining Dementia

...Dementia is progressive deterioration in intellectual function and other cognitive skills, leading to a decline in the ability to perform activities of daily living. Diagnosis is by history and physical examination. Potentially reversible causes of cognitive impairment (e.g., drugs, delirium, and depression) should be excluded. Treatment is with general measures and usually a cholinesterase inhibitor, memantine, or both (Lichtenberg, et al., 2003). The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms of cognitive decline and normal sensorium that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, stroke and many other rarer conditions. Dementia is not a disease itself but rather a group of symptoms that may accompany certain diseases or conditions. At this time, dementia is irreversible when caused by disease or injury but may be reversible when caused by drugs, alcohol, hormone or vitamin imbalances, or depression. The symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion, and problems with speech and understanding. There is also the loss of intellectual functions (such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning) of sufficient severity to interfere with a person’s daily functioning. Symptoms may also include changes in personality, mood, and behavior. Dementia is also progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way, including how......

Words: 2560 - Pages: 11

Dementia

...NAME: Carolyn Rabon THESIS: Treatments and therapies used with dementia patients. BACKGROUND: Dementia is a disease that affects the elderly. Although there are at least ten different kinds of dementia, Alzheimer’s is the one that affects most people. In fact, out of every 100 cases of dementia, over sixty percent is Alzheimer’s. There has been much study on treatment and therapy, some with better results than others. Antipsychotic drugs have been used for years and years with little or no change. New treatments and therapy’s now include music with wonderful results. OBJECTIVE: The most controversial treatment for dementia is music rather than antipsychotic drugs that just seem to mask the problem and sometimes with worse results. I plan on showing how useful music can be in the treatment and therapies used on people with this mind crippling disease. SUPPORTING POINTS: Music therapy is a better choice of treatment. 1. Some patients respond by singing. 2. Some people respond by clapping their hands 3. Some people react by dancing Advantages: 1. Treatment is non Invasive 2. In some cases it eliminates the use of antipsychotic drugs 3. It “awakens” some memories long locked away This treatment can help the family or caregivers also: 1. Families are able to keep loved ones home longer 2. Families can see the miracle of recognition of memories long forgot 3. Families can , in some cases, eliminate the need for outside caregiving ...

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Dementia

...Lewy Bodies Dementia Ashley M. Paille Abstract. There are hundreds of brain disorders that affect the human brain every year. The diseases range from minor to much more severe. This research paper focuses on a complex disease called Lewy Bodies Dementia. This disease is a primary cognitive brain disorder that mimics a previously discovered disease known as Alzheimer’s. Lewy Bodies Dementia was discovered about a decade after Alzheimer’s. The disease is classified as either a degenerative disease or a neurodegenerative disease. Various factors throughout a person’s lifetime will influence the nature and severity of the degeneration of the brain. Signs and symptoms of the disease are extremely vague and often have the presentation of other known cognitive brain disorders. This disease is incurable and is often treated on a case by case basis. It is also treated by trial and error due to the intense side effects of the medications such as drowsiness and confusion. Recent treatments such as the medication, Levodopa, have been made available although they do not cure the disease but rather slow down the progression of the disease. Introduction. Nearly 80% of individuals with Lewy Bodies Dementia will also have brain changes consistent with Alzheimer's disease. (Galvin, Duda, et al., 2010) Secondary to this high statistic, patients are often diagnosed with a non-specific initial diagnosis of Alzheimer's. This diagnostic experience can become extremely frustrating.......

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Dementia

...Unit 33 LEARNING OUTCOME 1 1.1 DESCRIBE THE RANGE OF CAUSES OF DEMENTIA SYNDROME There are many different types of dementia: Alzheimer’s which is usually found in people over the age of 65 (extract from mayo clinic}Although in most cases the exact cause of Alzheimer's disease isn't known, plaques and tangles are often found in the brains of people with Alzheimer's. Plaques are clumps of a protein called beta-amyloid, and tangles are fibrous tangles made up of tau protein. Certain genetic factors also may make it more likely that people will develop Alzheimer's. Vascular dementia which is the second most common form of dementia which is caused by reduced blood flow or blocked blood vessels or even a infection of a heart valve (vascular condition. Lewy body dementia which is caused from abnormal clumps of protein that have been found in the brains of people with Lewy body dementia, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. (Extract from mayo clinic} Frontotemporal dementia (Formally known as picks disease) is caused by break down of the nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain which controls behaviours, language, thinking and concentration as well as movement. Korsakoffs syndrome Korsakoff's syndrome is a brain disorder usually associated with heavy alcoholconsumption over a long period. Although Korsakoff's syndrome is not strictly speaking adementia, people with the condition experience loss of short-term memory. This factsheet outlines......

Words: 2947 - Pages: 12

M1 – Assess the Possible Effects of Different Types of Dementia on Individuals and Their Families.

...Individuals who suffer from dementia may need to be looked after when the illness develops. At first they are usually cared for by member of their own family, and later may have to be referred over to professionals. In the meantime, whilst individuals are caring for their family members with dementia, they may start to have a decrease on their quality of life, social life, impacted health and an increased likelihood of abuse. Quality of life * Fear – When people care for someone you tend to spend a lot of time with them. Therefore when you are caring for someone within your family who has dementia you will develop stronger relationships with each other which may make the situation more difficult. For example, an individual may develop a fear of losing a family member when they are at the end of their lives. This may cause them to focus less on themselves and more on the individual. * Feeling of lack of control – When caring for a family member with dementia, individuals may start to feel lack of control. This may be because they feel they have no control over the illnesses progression, for example, there isn’t any medication or anything that they can give to the dementia suffers to help them or to stop/slow the progression of the illness. Some people who care for family members with dementia may lose their homes or business etc. in order to pay for extra care needs of the individual. This could mean that they lose control over where they live or how they get their...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Dementia

...P2 * For each of the six types of dementia you need to outline : * 5 effects on the quality of life * 2 effects on the impact on health * 3 effects on the impact of the increased likelihood of abuse * There is a power point on Moodle to help you with this. * You need to use case studies ( make them up yourself or come and see me) to show examples for each effect EG: Fear: A person with Alzheimer’s may feel fear about going out alone. An example of this would be George who is 78 and has Alzheimer’s. George is always fearful of going out alone after he went into town to go shopping and due to his Alzheimer’s forgot where he was and what he was doing. He was found by the police and taken to the police station before going home. This frightened George so now he will only go out with his wife or his son. P3 Guide You need to describe 7 pieces of legislation and two frameworks. How do they ( the legislation and frameworks) make sure the people who work with individuals with dementia do their job properly. There is a long power point on Moodle to help you with this. P4 Guide You need to explain the roles and responsibilities of the health and social care workers in improving the health and quality of life for people with dementia. To do this use the case study of Peter in your assignment brief You need to include: * 5 aspects of the person centred approach choose from * Principles of care. *......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Dementia

...Dementia gradually robs people of their independence, dignity and loved ones. For the purpose of this assignment the author is going to use evidence based research to critically discuss the care of two couples who have lived together for a long time, because of the cruelty of Alzheimer’s disease they have been separated. For the purpose of confidentiality pseudonyms will be used in this assignment (National Midwifery Council, 2002). Jim Blake’s care will be discussed first followed by the care of his wife. An overview of Dementia will be explored first followed by Jim’s care. Analysis of risk assessment and management will be incorporated in the delivery of Jim and Mrs Blake’s care. Different psychosocial interventions will be applied in the care of the two couples. Throughout the assignment government directives will be used in support of these interventions. Lastly implications for clinical practice will be analysed prior to conclusion. Cantley (2001), Bates et al (2004) defines dementia as a deterioration in intellectual performance from a previous level accompanied by a significant decline in personal and social function. Dementia usually starts with relatively slight impairment but can progress to a point where all skills of communication and self care are lost (Whaley & Breitner, 2002). According to Wilbourn & Prosser (2003), Cantley (2001) dementia is caused by the cortical atrophy, enlarged ventricles and softening of brain tissues. There are different types of......

Words: 4046 - Pages: 17

An Overview of Dementia

...An Overview of Dementia: How It Has Touched My Life Dementia is an illness that occurs when there is a loss of brain function as a result of the presence of certain diseases. Dementia affects a person’s memory, judgment, behavior, thinking, and language. Dementia includes Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and tends to increase the most from the age of 65. Various references and literature in reference to dementia indicate that the number of patients with dementia will increase significantly as society ages, especially within the next three decades. Dementia causes significant family issues and can become a financial burden on patients and their family members. These burdens impair the ability of a person to function independently and also have a tremendous impact on his or her relationships and quality of life. The subject of this paper will discuss an overview of dementia, treatments of dementia, how it affects human lives, and also the affect dementia has had on the life of the writer of this paper An Overview of Dementia: How It Has Touched My Life As a child growing up in the early 1970s, the writer of this paper can recall his neighborhood. It was peaceful and had a several people who were known elderly and considered as senior citizens. The writer of this paper also remembers when the adults of the neighborhood would speak of the elderly and tend to talk the most about their strange behaviors. Although this was often the case, the talk......

Words: 3687 - Pages: 15

Pack 2 Paia Calzamaglia NAVIGARE Uomo Pile Senza Piede Nero | Porsche 911 Techart GT STREET R 660PS 339 km/h NP 468000 CHF | 100 Days of Love (2015)