Definition of Business Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By linh37913791
Words 13577
Pages 55
Thuật ngữ cơ bản: Tin Sinh học và Sinh học Phân tử
Có hai ba lần phải dịch tài liệu về sinh học và y học, tình cờ tìm được Glossary này rất chi tiết, hay và hữu ích. Hum nay tình cờ lục lại ổ cứng thấy nhỡ lại thời gian ý, vừa dịch vừa tìm tòi mà thấy vui và ý nghĩa. Nên quyết định chia sẻ với mọi người. Mong các bạn sẽ thấy yêu mến và thú vị với PassionForEnglish.com của mình nhiều hơn nha!

Thuật ngữ cơ bản: Tin Sinh học và Sinh học Phân tử

Bán kính van der Waals (van der Waals radius): là khoảng cách thuận lợi nhất giữa 2 nguyên tử. Sự chia cắt cân bằng của 2 nguyên tử là điểm đặc trưng của một cặp nguyên tử cá biệt, 1/2 khoảng cách này là bán kính van der Waals của nguyên tử.

Biến tính (denaturation): sự chuyển biến của DNA hoặc RNA dạng mạch kép sang dạng mạch đơn hoặc protein từ cấu hình hoạt động sang dạng bất hoạt.

Biểu đồ phát sinh loài (phylogram): biểu đồ biểu thị mối quan hệ giữa các đơn vị phân loại theo thời gian hay tỷ lệ tiến hóa.

BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool): một công cụ tìm kiếm nhanh những trình tự tương đồng trong một cơ sở dữ liệu.

bp (base pair): cặp base.

Carbon α (α carbon): carbon trong amino acid có chức năng gắn những nhóm chức, thường dùng khi đề cập đến một tập hợp các amino acid trong trình tự hoặc cấu trúc protein.

Cấu trạng (conformation): sự sắp xếp cấu trúc 3 chiều riêng của một phân tử do sự định hướng của nguyên tử thay đổi theo các hướng khác nhau hoặc quay quanh các liên kết đơn. Ở trạng thái cân bằng động, một cấu trúc phân tử có nhiều cấu trạng khác nhau.

cDNA (complementary DNA): mạch đơn bổ sung cho RNA và được tổng hợp từ khuôn nhờ enzyme phiên mã ngược.

Cơ học lượng tử (quantum mechanics): phương pháp toán dùng để dự đoán tác động của những hạt cơ bản.

Cơ học phân tử (molecular mechanics): sự phối hợp sử dụng máy tính cho phép tính toán cấu trúc và những đặc tính khác của một…...

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