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Discuss the impact of chronic medical conditions on adolescents (12-18yo) and identify ways of promoting resilience or positive development (1300 min-1500 max words).

A chronic or long-term illness results in major physical and psychological changes to the individual. The illness requires them to adjust to the burdens of the therapy implicated to treat the condition. There are multiple emotional, cognitive, motivational and behavioral factors that are stressed during the ongoing illness that hinders the individuals ability to develop and function healthily within Sigmund Freuds psychodynamic structure. Additional theories according to B.F Skinner, Mccrae & Costa and Carl Rogers compliment the idea that chronic illness will impact the individual’s ability to keep a positive self-esteem and develop socially and autonomously through adolescents. We will look into the specific factors that are impacted by chronic illness’, how exactly they relate to the responses of adolescent individual, how it affects their relationships with families and medical staff, and identify ways in which we can promote positive development despite the burden of a wide range of chronic illness’.

For Adolescents and young adults, gaining autonomy is essential which is imposed while enduring management of a chronic illness. Obviously with illness’ such as cancer, Sickle cell disease, Cystic Fibrosis and asthma; the vulnerability involved with daily activities directly affect ones confidence in behaving in line with social norms. As S.Morgan states these chronic illnesses ‘require constant monitoring and strict adherence to a medical regimen, with little room for the risky behaviors and experimentation that is often a part of peer relationships at this stage’ (Morgan, Davies, Palmer, & Plaster, 2010; Sawyer, Drew, & Duncan, 2007). This peer relationship stage is crucial in…...

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