Blood Work

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ffrancis46
Words 129902
Pages 520
Essentials
Ruth E. McCall, BS, MT (ASCP)
Retired Program Director and Instructor Central New Mexico Community College Albuquerque, New Mexico President, NuHealth Educators, LLC Faculty, Emeritus Phoenix College Phoenix, Arizona

Fifth Edition

Cathee M. Tankersley, BS, MT (ASCP)

Acquisitions Editor: Peter Sabatini Product Manager: Meredith L. Brittain Marketing Manager: Shauna Kelley Designer: Holly McLaughlin Production Services: Aptara, Inc. Fifth Edition Copyright

© 2012, 2008 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer business.
Two Commerce Square 2001 Market Street Philadelphia, PA 19103

351 West Camden Street Baltimore, MD 21201

Printed in China All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, including as photocopies or scanned-in or other electronic copies, or utilized by any information storage and retrieval system without written permission from the copyright owner, except for brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Materials appearing in this book prepared by individuals as part of their official duties as U.S. government employees are not covered by the above-mentioned copyright. To request permission, please contact Lippincott Williams & Wilkins at Two Commerce Square, 2001 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, via email at permissions@lww.com, or via website at lww.com (products and services). 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data McCall, Ruth E., author. Phlebotomy essentials / Ruth E. McCall, Retired Director of Phlebotomy and Clinical Laboratory Assistant Programs, Central New Mexico Community College, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Cathee M. Tankersley, MT(ASCP), President, NuHealth Educators, LLC, Faculty, Emeritus, Phoenix College, Phoenix, Arizona. — Fifth Edition. p. ; cm. Includes…...

Similar Documents

The Movie “Blood Work” Deontological and Utilitarian Analysis

...When we analyze the movie, Blood Work, simultaneously while taking into regard both Deontological and Utilitarian points of view, we notice a complex behavior in all characters involved, especially Terry McCaleb. The main character, Terry McCaleb, has the most complex behavior of all as he has the tendency to jump the fine border between Deontology and Utilitarianism multiple times back and forth. Throughout the entire movie, McCaleb faces multiple Deontological dilemmas but the biggest and most important of all of them is his decision to self-sacrifice for the good of others. He makes a selfless decision which could have very well cost him his life. We need to take under consideration that this time around, his life is a gift from a victim who was murdered and this time is possibly his last chance at life. When analyzing McCaleb, we must consider his living medical condition, potential terminal risks that come with receiving a heart transplant, and his personal struggle to fight rejection of his peers. Even though aware of all disadvantages involved in proceeding with his decision to pursue the killer, McCaleb acts out of duty towards other people disregarding all and any consequences. Kant believed that the real character of people is seen at times when their decisions are hanging in a fine line between different choices. For Kant, a person’s temperament and nature would prevail on the road taken. “It is just then that the worth of this character comes out, which is......

Words: 2174 - Pages: 9

Blood

...Blood is very important to our bodies for many reasons; it carries oxygen to our vital organs, as well as important vitamins and minerals to other parts of the body. It also helps to regulate the PH balance as well as our bodies’ temperature. But most importantly, it carries white blood cells which are very important for our immune system. If we have problems with our blood supply, we can develop anemia or leukemia, and this may affect how our bodies function. Worse yet, if not getting it properly taken care of, it may result in a host of complications or even death. Plasma is a yellow liquid form portion of our blood that replaces easily thru out our bodies, consisting of water and proteins, and that helps control infections as well as bleeding. They are responsible for carrying oxygen thru out our body. Platelets are responsible for making our blood clot, which enables us from bleeding to death. Clotting when it dries out produces scabbing which aids in the healing process. Leukocytes or white blood cells are germ fighting cells, and there are two types: phagocytes (they help get rid of germs) and lymphocytes (which act as memory cells that can recall their last attackers). White blood cells can be found in places like the spleen, the bone marrow, and it has a sponge gel like consistency. Lily: Her poor eating habits are creating some serious health issue. She has developed iron deficiency anemia. This a very common condition and can be easily treated. This......

Words: 1174 - Pages: 5

Blood Donation

...BLOOD DONATION SIDRA BIBI D/O FARZAND ALI MPHIL ( BIOCHEMISTRY) 2nd SEMESTER (MORNING) PMAS –UAAR Sidrabibi1126@yahoo.com Islam enjoins preserving human life and protecting it against all potential harm, affliction and hardship, and it insists on ensuring peace and security for human beings. In the Quran, Allah says, "To save one life is to save all humanity". Islamic law urges every Muslim to be in constant support of his community, and make it a legal requirement in many cases. According to a Hadith (saying by the Prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him)),"He who relieves a believer of one form of distress, in this life shall be relieved by God of a greater distress on the Day of Resurrection" and "God will help any servant of His, as long as he continues to help his brother". "A Muslim is a brother to every Muslim, he neither lets him down, nor does him injustice, nor gives him away".Therefore, if giving blood to a patient is necessary for his survival, then, according to Islam, it becomes mandatory to donate blood`, as a case of implementing a basic Islamic principle which makes it imperative to preserve human life. Two important main Islamic rules are also applicable here, namely: "Harm must be eliminated" & "Necessity overrules constraints". Further more it is in agreement with the Islamic principles of social justice.The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) says, "Cupping is a most useful type of medical treatment". He also says...

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Blood Disorders

...Blood Disorders Teresa Webber HCA/240 10/12/2013 Dr. Jillian Bennett Blood Disorders There are several types of blood disorders and causes for these disorders vary from one medical problem to another. It is important to gather a patient’s symptoms and carefully examine them to make the correct diagnosis because there are too many categories that simple symptoms can fall under. This paper will explain the purpose of plasma, red blood cells, and platelets. It will also share scenarios of three individuals and their symptoms, including the diagnosis for each one. I will take and describe the cause of each disorder, compare the patients’ symptoms with that of the symptoms of the diagnosis. Finally, I will explain how each patient can prevent the disease in the future, if at all. Plasma, Red Blood Cells and Platelets Plasma is the liquid portion of blood – a protein-salt solution in which red and white blood cells and platelets are suspended. Plasma, which is 92 percent water, constitutes 55 percent of blood volume. Plasma contains albumin (the chief protein constituent), fibrinogen (responsible, in part, for the clotting of blood) and globulins (including antibodies) ("American Red Cross", n.d.). Plasma maintains a normal blood pressure. It supplies needed proteins for clotting and immunity. It exchanges minerals such as potassium and sodium to help keep the right amount of pH (acid-base) balance within the body. This is important to make the cells......

Words: 1402 - Pages: 6

Blood for Sale

...1) I believe that Sol Levin is running the business just like other company in the work in the country as you can’t get blood for just like any super-market but his type of business is open to moral criticism because on the other hand, it create a perception and inequity of that the rich who can afford to purchase the blood can live long and poor whom can’t afford live shorter. 2) Plasma international did not even strike an fair bargain transaction as they purchase from the poor west African tribes for 15 cents per but then was increase to $25 per pint when it was sold to America. Yes, Plasma international should have paid them at a Fair Market Value as it did in America. 3) In British, blood bank relies entirely of a voluntary system thus blood is neither brought nor sold and it available to anyone who need it without any charges and obligation to it. But compare to America, Blood must be procure due to the bureaucratization, paperwork and administrative require. To my perception, I believe the each have it advantages in system as such example are for British blood is free for everyone but the donors gain no preference over non-donor and there higher risk to distribute contaminated blood since it free but in America they have employ administrative and qualified medical consultant to ensure the quality of the blood. 4) For Sol, he fit to the Egoism model as the type of business he have only promote his own long term interest where he buy low and sell high......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Blood Pressure

...Adult baseline observations : Blood pressure The purpose of this assignment is to reflect on a chosen experience that I have identified as requiring more knowledge to complete this skill competently. I have chosen to do my learning contract on adult base line observation – blood pressure. The reason I have chosen this skill is because my first experience of taking a blood pressure was not a positive experience and to this day I still get nervous taking someone’s blood pressure. I can do the skill confidently now but feel I need to understand the theory around it to communicate the findings with the woman. When I was first learning to take someone’s blood pressure in intensives I was put down in front of our group by a tutor. I feel this would not have happened had I had more knowledge around the theory before the class which was of my own fault as I hadn’t read the modules thoroughly. I know the normal ranges of blood pressures for adults and how to get the systolic and diastolic numbers but if I was asked by a woman what these numbers mean, I would not be able to correctly and confidently communicate these with her. Existing knowledge - What do I already know about this topic/Skill. • I have had my own blood pressure taken by my doctor many times. • I have practiced taking blood pressures in akonga and intensives • I have taken women’s blood pressure on placement and during follow throughs appointments • I have passed my practise skill sheet for......

Words: 1999 - Pages: 8

Blood Doping

...Blood Doping Biology Research Paper Samantha Reid University Seven time consecutive Tour De France champion and yellow rubber band seller of the decade openly admitted to blood doping. His name was Lance Armstrong and not only did he live through cancer, but he was one of the greatest athletes the world has ever known. His list of achievement goes on until his banishment for professional racing and the stripping of his titles. He admitted to using banned substances including steroids and blood doping in an interview with Oprah Winfrey on January 17, 2013. Why would a man with so many accomplishments cheat the system with prohibited procedures and the use of illegal performance drugs? The three topics that rise in answering why Lance Armstrong blood doped is explaining what blood doping is, the advantage and disadvantages of it and drug use in profession sports. To describe what blood doping is one must first understand some key terms. Hemoglobin is a red protein responsible for carrying oxygen in your blood. Another key term is the cardiovascular system and this is an organ system that distributes the blood throughout the body to deliver nutrients and remove waste. And the respiratory system is the organ system that carries out gas exchange in your body. These three things all work together hand in hand like a smooth operating clock. The respiratory system gets the oxygen from the air and transports it to the blood carried in the hemoglobin. The oxygen enriched......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Blood

...May 5, 2015 Anatomy and Physiology Tell Me About Blood 1. A lower than normal hermatocrit means that a person is anemic. You may have heard your parents say, ‘I think my blood is low”. 2. Lymphopoiesis is the development of lymphocytes, which are which blood cells. Erythropoiesis is the development of erythrocytes, which are red blood cells. Myelopoiesis is the development of myelocytes, which are young blood cells. Granulopoiesis is the haematopoiesis of grandulocytes, which is also a white blood cell, but it is in the cytoplasm. Megakaryocytopoiesis is haematopoiesis of megakaryocytes, which are responsible for the production of blood platelets. 3. Erythropoiesis is the production of red blood cells. The factor that speed up and slow down erythropoiesis is when the kidneys release a factor that changes a blood protein to erythropoietin. This hormone targets the bone marrow where immature precursor cells are induced to synthesize large amounts of hemoglobin, the oxygen protein of red blood cells. Erythroblasts become reticyclocytes, immature red blood cells released into the blood stream where they mature into erythrocytes, full-fledged red blood cells, in one or two days. 4. Nothing negative will happen if a person who is blood type B is given a transfusion of the blood type O because blood type O is the universal donor and can be given to any blood type. 5. White blood cells contain small, pale, lilac granules and a......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Blood Donation

...audience to make a blood regularly if your blood is safe to be transferred to another human being. Thesis statement: People should give blood because it is easy and though there might be a little pain involved it, while blood donation will help save so many lives and you can get great snacks. INTRODUCTION I. ATTENTION A. Attention Getter: Do you know that blood donation can help save the lives of up to three people? According to American Red Cross's blood statistics, if you began donating blood at age 17 and donated every 56 days until you reached 76, you would have donated 48 gallons of blood, potentially helping save more than 1000 lives. B. Common ground: Every two seconds, someone in the United State needs blood and more than 41,000 blood donations are needed every day. So while you may never worry about having enough blood to function, plenty of others are not as fortunate. C. Thesis: Blood donors report feeling a sense of great satisfaction after making their donation. Because help others in need just feels good. Transition: Now let us begin with the need for blood donation. BODY II. NEED A. The article "Donate" in the New York Times quoted as saying, "The stress on the blood supply is increasing. " 1. The demand for blood never lets up because according to "Give Blood" In Weekly Reader, every day thousands of people need donations to survive. 2. The blood must go through a series of time-consuming tests and then used before it perishes - whole blood for......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Blood

...BLOOD • Blood is a tissue which is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets (pieces of cells) and plasma. Table showing Structure and Function of the Components of Blood |Component |Structure |Functions | |Red blood cells |Biconcave discs with no nucleus. |Transports oxygen | | |Contains haemoglobin. |Transports small amounts of carbon dioxide | |White blood cells |Variable shape (larger than red blood cells) with a |Fight, engulf and destroy bacteria. | | |nucleus. |Make antibodies | | |There are 2 types: | | | |Lymphocytes – produce antibodies which kill germs or | | | |pathogens | | | |Phagocytes – surrounds pathogen and destroys it by | ...

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Blood

...King Immunohematology Blood Bank Policy and Procedure Manual We keep the manual located in the same spot at all times so it can be easily found when needed. Our blood bank policy and procedure manual is well organized and the policy and procedures are easy to find. There is a table of contents located in the front of the manual. Every page is numbered and each section is tabbed with a description. Each policy and procedure is titled at the top of the page. The laboratory blood bank policy procedure manual has to be reviewed and revised by our CEO, Chairman of Board of Trustees, Chief of Staff, Pathologist/Medical Director, Laboratory Department Director, and all laboratory personal. There is a policy and procedure for every procedure we do in blood bank. If there is any question you may have involving blood bank, the answer should be in the blood bank procedure manual. The blood bank policy and procedure manual has been very beneficial to me. There's policy and procedures in the manual that walk you threw procedures step by step. A few of our blood bank policy and procedures are; Quality management plan for blood bank, this procedure has to do with quality management mostly telling you the proper way to do things starting with identifying the patient, how to label tubes, what tubes to draw, QC, recording results, it goes over preanalytical, analytical, post analytical steps . We also have procedures over trauma response by laboratory, blood bank......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Blood Pressure

... Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis and to the development of heart failure. High blood pressure is rarely accompanied by any symptoms, and its identification is usually through screening, or when seeking healthcare for an unrelated problem. A proportion of people with high blood pressure report headaches, particularly at the back of the head in the morning, as well as light-headedness, vertigo and buzzing or hissing in the ears, altered vision or fainting episodes. These symptoms, however, might be related to associated anxiety rather than the high blood pressure itself. The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including: * Smoking * Being overweight or obese * Lack of physical activity * Too much salt in the diet * Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day) * Stress * Older age * Genetics * Family history of high blood pressure * Chronic kidney disease * Adrenal and thyroid disorders The higher your blood pressure, the higher your risk of serious health problems in the future. High blood......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Blood

...The Rh factor (ie, Rhesus factor) is a red blood cell surface antigen that was named after the monkeys in which it was first discovered. Rh incompatibility, also known as Rh disease, is a condition that occurs when a woman with Rh-negative blood type is exposed to Rh-positive blood cells, leading to the development of Rh antibodies. Rh incompatibility can occur by 2 main mechanisms. The most common type occurs when an Rh-negative pregnant mother is exposed to Rh-positive fetal red blood cells secondary to fetomaternal hemorrhage during the course of pregnancy from spontaneous or induced abortion, trauma,[1] invasive obstetric procedures, or normal delivery. Rh incompatibility can also occur when an Rh-negative female receives an Rh-positive blood transfusion. In part, this is the reason that blood banks prefer using blood type "O negative" or "type O, Rh negative," as the universal donor type in emergency situations when there is no time to type and crossmatch blood. The most common cause of Rh incompatibility is exposure from an Rh-negative mother by Rh-positive fetal blood during pregnancy or delivery. As a consequence, blood from the fetal circulation may leak into the maternal circulation, and, after a significant exposure, sensitization occurs leading to maternal antibody production against the foreign Rh antigen. Once produced, maternal Rh immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies may cross freely from the placenta to the fetal circulation, where they form antigen-antibody......

Words: 3290 - Pages: 14

Blood Donation

...Health Care Market-Blood Donation Health Care Market- Blood Donation According to Wikipedia, blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body’s cells, such as nutrients and oxygen, and transports waste products away from those same cells (Wikipedia, 2011). There has been a high demand for blood, all types of blood. Statistically speaking someone in the United States needs blood every two seconds (Rare Blood Types, 2010). Due to the high need for blood, scarcity plays a role with blood donation. This paper will discuss how scarcity resources influence the market, and the choices stakeholders are forced to make. The essay will also relay the economic flows that may affect the health care market, the causes of change in supply and demand and the affects of equilibrium price and quantity, and the pricing decisions for blood donations with elasticity or inelasticity. A resource is considered scarce when its availability is not enough to meet its demand. Scarcity is based on the idea that oftentimes a limited supply of goods or services comes up against an ever increasing demand for it, and that ever effort must be made to ensure its proper utilization and distribution to avoid inefficiency (International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design, 2005). Blood is needed for many individuals, whether it is for someone that has trauma, needed surgery, needed blood transfusion, cancer patients, etc. More than 38,000 blood......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Blood Disorders

...Blood Disorders HCA240 due 8/26/12 In this assignment I am going to discuss the topic of blood disorders. I am going to explain iron deficiency and anemia, sickle cell anemia and thrombocytopenia. I am going to describe each disorder, the cause, and symptoms of patients in scenarios and how to prevent the disease. I am also going to discuss the purpose of plasma, red blood cells and platelets. Plasma is the fluid that is in the blood stream outside of cells. Plasma helps to protect someone from infections or blood disorders. Blood plasma is collected by spinning a tube of fresh blood in a centrifuge. The tube contains an anticoagulant that keeps the blood from thickening. When blood is put in the spinner the blood cells fall to the bottom and the plasma is left at the top and is drawn off. Blood plasma carries amino acids, sugars, fats, salts, minerals, anti-bodies, clotting proteins, hormones and proteins that help maintain the body. The Red blood cells deliver oxygen throughout the body to tissues and comes back as carbon dioxide for the lungs. Red blood cells come from the bone marrow. Platelets also known as thrombocytes are present in the blood. They work with other substances to form clots to stop bleeding. Platelets play the main roll in hemostasis which is the body’s natural prevention to......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Kampf der Menschenaffen | 159 مسلسلات عربية مسلسل سايكو الحلقة 3 الثالثة مشاهدة مسلسل سايكو الحلقة 3 الثالثة تحميل مسلسل سايكو الحلقة 3 الثالثة | toques para iPhone