Blood Bananas

In: Business and Management

Submitted By pattylozano
Words 824
Pages 4
Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Columbia
Blood Bananas: Chiquita In Columbia is a difficult case that touches on fundamental questions of ethics and morality while operating a business abroad. It is a case that depicts the challenges faced by a company trying to maintain production and protect its employees while navigating between two very different cultures in a hostile situation. the lines of the ethics and morality are not as straight forward as they seem on the surface, and Chiquita’s management struggles to make decisions that will transcend both cultures’ view of right versus wrong. was one of the largest and growing fruit company in America who faced a dramatic problem in the 90’s with the AUC, a Colombian paramilitary organization that promoted violence act and considered to be terrorist, what happened was they inquired the fruit company to pay them specific amount of money monthly that was required for their security services as they claimed!
The situation was straightforward, either Chiquita pays for the terrorist
Chiquita Brands International and its leaders learned a very hard lesson about paying off terrorist groups to protect their employees. Over the past 25 years, no place has been more perilous for companies than Colombia, a country that is finally beginning to emerge from the effects of civil war and narco-terrorism. In 2004, Chiquita voluntarily revealed to the U.S. Justice Department that one of its Colombian banana subsidiaries had made protection payments to terrorist groups from 1997 through 2004. The Justice Department began an investigation, focusing on the role and conduct of Chiquita and some of its officers in this criminal activity. Subsequently, Chiquita entered into a plea agreement that gave them the dubious distinction of being the first major U.S. company ever convicted of dealing with terrorists, and resulted in a fine of US$25…...

Similar Documents

Blood

...Memorandum To: Mr. Boulton From: Some Student Date: October 24, 2012 Re: Case Analysis for Chiquita Banana ANALYSIS OF CURRENT SITUATION Chiquita Banana did not take into account numerous factors when they were trying to sell their product. The European Union placed tariffs on Latin American countries as they granted preferential status to former African, Caribbean and the Pacific Rim colonies. This made it more expensive for Chiquita Bananas to export their bananas to the European Union, and would force Chiquita to increase their selling price. The European Union chose to import bananas from Africa, Caribbean and the Pacific Rim because they were cheaper than Chiquita. Chiquita Banana had no way of predicting in the long run that the European Union would favour Africa and place restrictions on their product. (refer to Appendix A) Another problem with Chiquita’s decisions was that they did not take into account natural disasters. The company grew most of their products in the Latin Americas and because they were so reliant on that area when their products were destroyed after a major hurricane, they were not prepared. Their product was wiped out and with no other locations to grow their product, their company suffered great losses. (refer to Appendix A) The last problem that resulted in Chiquita’s financial problems was that they decided to expand globally too fast and as a result, were pushed further into debt. This could have been because they decided to expand......

Words: 1626 - Pages: 7

Blood Banana

...TB0245 Andreas Schotter Mary Teagarden Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia No one laughs at the banana in its areas of origin. It is too serious a business, on which jobs and lives depend. Peter Chapman, Author of Jungle Capitalists. For Chiquita Brands International, a pioneer in the globalization of the banana industry, bananas are not only serious business, they represent an array of economic, social, environmental, political, and legal hassles. Since its founding more than a hundred years ago as United Fruit Company, Chiquita has been involved in paying bribes to Latin American government officials in exchange for preferential treatment, encouraging or supporting U.S. coups against smaller nations, putting in place dictatorships in Central America’s “banana republics,” exploiting local workers, creating an abusive monopoly, and now doing business with terrorists.1 For American multinationals, the rewards of doing business abroad are enormous, but so are the risks. Over the past decades, no place has been more hazardous than Colombia, a country that is just emerging from a deadly civil war and the effects of wide-ranging narco-terrorism. Chiquita found out the hard way. It made tens of millions in profit growing bananas in Colombia, only to emerge with its reputation splattered in blood.2 In 2004, Chiquita voluntarily admitted criminal responsibility to the U.S. Justice Department that one of its Colombian banana subsidiaries had made protection payments from......

Words: 9954 - Pages: 40

Blood Bananas

...Blood Bananas Case Introduction Chiquita Brands International is a successful company with a long history that began in 1899 as the United Fruit Company. The company has endured over time through changes in leadership, acquisitions, and process changes to become one of “the big three” banana distributors in the world. While they have become successful; their past has been tarnished by paying bribes to government officials, supporting U.S. coups against smaller nations and exploiting local workers. The company that originally revolutionized the banana trade by using refrigerated ships was now faced with the decision of whether to continue to pay a terrorist organization in Colombia, South America to ensure the safety of their employees, stop payment and face the consequences or sell the business and exit the country. Background The issue at hand is partly the result of the industry itself. Bananas grow best in tropical regions, such as the Caribbean, Central America, Asia and Africa. They are critical cash crop for many of the lesser-developed countries. The banana producing country in question here is Colombia, South America which has a population of over 45M people, the second largest in South America. It has the 4th largest economy in Latin America although the income inequality is prevalent due to very uneven wealth distribution. It is in this environment that paramilitary organizations such as the AUC thrive. According to Fernando Aguirre, a former Chiquita...

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Case Report: Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia

...Summer 2013 Summer 2013 Case Report: Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia BUSA 4980 Chiquita Brands international was founded in 1899 after the merger of United Fruit Company and the Boston Fruit Company. As bananas be came more of a staple in every home so do Chiquita Bananas. Bananas are know to mainly grown in tropical places like Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Chiquita decided to have operations out of Colombia. During this time there was turmoil in Colombia and different terror groups form “against the government” & other wealthy people in the country. Some of these groups settled in the areas where Chiquita had facilities. Chiquita run into problems with theses groups around 1997, mainly with FARC (Revolution Armed Forced of Columbia) and AUC. They began to kidnap and kill employees of this company. The terrorist groups began asking for money in turn they would stop harming their employees. For Chiquita this decision to pay the AUC seem to be an easy one because or the lack for government and the lack of laws in place. There are many key issues that lead Chiquita Banana’s decision to pay the terrorist groups the FARC & the AUC. One key issues the increasing demand for bananas in new countries like Russia, China and other countries in the Middle East. Chiquita felt as if it had pressure to obtain and grow in these markets. Along with those new markets, Chiquita had their current demand in established markets like the United States......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4

Blood

...Chiquita Brands International claims to put corporate social responsibility at the forefront of its business practices. The banana producer seeks to distance itself from its predecessor United Fruit Company by presenting a story of complete transformation from a corporation that was famous for its human rights violations and collusion with the State, to a 21st century company that is responsive to consumer demands for healthy fruit produced in conditions that are environmentally-conscious and respectful of labor and community rights. This article examines Chiquita as the direct heir of the notorious United Fruit Company, debunking the company’s claims that it has transformed from a corporate villain into a model corporate citizen. Current-day Chiquita is full of contradictions. The company’s operations receive approvals from the Rainforest Alliance and Social Accountability International, and it is the only company in the industry that has agreed to a Latin American-wide collective bargaining agreement with the banana workers’ union. Despite the sustainability and management certifications, human rights violations continue to be documented in farms that produce Chiquita fruits, particularly bananas. Examples of these violations are presented from Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Colombia. Using its considerable political clout and public relations influence, Chiquita has followed the United Fruit Company’s example by covering up its actions, which not only violate its......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Banana

...Reference: Bananas: Health Benefits, Risks & Nutrition Facts By Jessie Szalay, Live Science Contributor   |   April 22, 2014 02:30am ET 108   32   2061 Submit 13 Reddit | Credit: Maks Narodenko | ShutterstockView full size image | Bananas are among the most widely consumed fruits on the planet. In the United States, people eat more bananas than apples and oranges combined. The curvy yellow fruits are packed with nutrients and are especially high in potassium, fiber, magnesium, and vitamins C and B6. Eating bananas can help with battling depression, keeping bowel movements regular, improving heartburn, and lowering the risks of kidney cancers, diabetes, osteoporosis, blindness and other conditions. Here are the nutrition facts for bananas, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which regulates food labeling through the National Labeling and Education Act: Nutrition FactsServing size: 1 medium banana (4.5 oz / 126 g)Calories 110   Calories from Fat 0*Percent Daily Values (%DV) are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. | Amt per Serving | %DV* |   | Amt per Serving | %DV* |   | | Total Fat 0g | 0% |   | Total Carbohydrate 30g | 10% | | | Cholesterol 0mg | 0% |   |   Dietary Fiber 3g | 12% | | | Sodium 0mg | 0% |   |    Sugars 19g |   | | | Potassium 450mg | 13% |   | Protein 1g |   | | | Vitamin A | 2% |   | Calcium | 0% | | | Vitamin C | 15% |   | Iron | 2% | |   Health benefits Bananas are good for your heart. They...

Words: 1301 - Pages: 6

Blood Bananas

...organismos auditables dada la historia que trae la empresa no está exenta de que este bajo la lupa atendiendo infinidad de auditorías. Aunque la lectura no lo dice deberá de integrarse a todos los estándares de calidad para poder ofrecer al exterior que la empresa está tomando un nuevo rumbo siendo el correcto e integrarse como programas Empresa Socialmente Responsable, obtener la certificación CTPAT o NEC para el transporte logístico de sus materiales a Estados Unidos, así como obtener certificaciones ISO 9001 y las que apliquen para poder convencer a la gente de que la empresa está haciendo lo que está a su alcance para poder regresar al mercado competitivo con una nueva imagen. Bibliografía Schotter Andreas & Teagarden Mary, “Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia”, Thunderbird School of Global Management. Salazar Cantu Jose de Jesus, (2011), “Responsabilidad Social Corporativa: Teoria y evidencia para México”, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Monterrey El nuevo mapa del narcotráfico en México, Octubre 2012 http://www.animalpolitico.com/2012/10/el-nuevo-mapa-del-narcotrafico-en-mexico/ El Universal (2011) “50% de empresas huye del norte de México por violencia” http://www.planoinformativo.com/nota/id/130640...

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Banana

...cable-free, waterproof screen can be moored wherever you are. Through this monitor you may access TV channels, e-magazines, e-books or instant stock quotes over the internet. For toweling off, Philips is designing a high tech magic carpet that does more than dry the bottom of your feet. This rug allows one to track vital signs including weight, pulse and blood pressure. Digital results can be recorded and transmitted instantly to a window in one of the bathroom's electronic mirrors. Those in denial can suppress the instant readout. The mat slips right in with the Philips concept of the home medical center—most likely to be found in the bathroom. This is an information and communication nucleus connecting technologies and allowing access to and from medical services. Tomorrow's bathroom will be equipped with a medical kit containing more than Blistex®, cotton balls and bandages. Philips thinks the day is approaching when there will be little need for anyone to go to the doctor to diagnose high blood pressure, for instance. The first aid kit of the future will contain e-books and CD-ROMs that will provide coaching on, say, what blood pressure is and how to measure it using tools from the kit, which will be connected via a telemedicine link to the doctor's office. In essence, the home medical center will function like an interactive medical encyclopedia, with in-depth explanations and simulations, while providing access to your doctor's office via a video link so the......

Words: 6045 - Pages: 25

Blood

...May 5, 2015 Anatomy and Physiology Tell Me About Blood 1. A lower than normal hermatocrit means that a person is anemic. You may have heard your parents say, ‘I think my blood is low”. 2. Lymphopoiesis is the development of lymphocytes, which are which blood cells. Erythropoiesis is the development of erythrocytes, which are red blood cells. Myelopoiesis is the development of myelocytes, which are young blood cells. Granulopoiesis is the haematopoiesis of grandulocytes, which is also a white blood cell, but it is in the cytoplasm. Megakaryocytopoiesis is haematopoiesis of megakaryocytes, which are responsible for the production of blood platelets. 3. Erythropoiesis is the production of red blood cells. The factor that speed up and slow down erythropoiesis is when the kidneys release a factor that changes a blood protein to erythropoietin. This hormone targets the bone marrow where immature precursor cells are induced to synthesize large amounts of hemoglobin, the oxygen protein of red blood cells. Erythroblasts become reticyclocytes, immature red blood cells released into the blood stream where they mature into erythrocytes, full-fledged red blood cells, in one or two days. 4. Nothing negative will happen if a person who is blood type B is given a transfusion of the blood type O because blood type O is the universal donor and can be given to any blood type. 5. White blood cells contain small, pale, lilac granules and a......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Banana Peel

...the Study Bananas are among the most widely consumed fruits on the planet and, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Americans' favorite fresh fruit. The curvy yellow fruits are high in "potassium and pectin, a form of fiber," said Laura Flores, a San Diego-based nutritionist. They can also be a good way to get magnesium and vitamins C and B6. "Bananas are high in antioxidants, which can provide protection from free radicals, which we come into contact with every day, from the sunlight to the lotion you put on your skin," Flores added. Hawaii is the only place in the U.S. where bananas are grown commercially, although at one time they were also grown in southern California and Florida. The overwhelming majority of the bananas Americans eat come from countries in Latin America and South America, including Costa Rica, Ecuador, Colombia, Honduras, Panama, and Guatemala. Bananas were first found in New Guinea and spread throughout the Philippines nearly 4,000 years ago, and from their diversified around the world. They became a popular item in India, Indonesia, Australia, and Malaysia and were even used to make clothes and other fabrics in Japan. It wasn’t until they hit colonial plantations in America that they were used for inter cropping plants such as coffee, cacao, and pepper plantations. Their leaves provided the perfect shade for the more valuable plants, which was only the beginning of their endless environmental uses and health benefits. Bananas are rich......

Words: 2628 - Pages: 11

Banana

... J. 1987. Banana. p. 29–46. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL. Banana Musa x paridasiaca Description Origin and Distribution Varieties Climate Soil Propagation Culture Harvesting Yield Handling and Packing Controlled Ripening and Storage Pests Diseases Food Uses Animal Feed Other Uses Folklore The word "banana" is a general term embracing a number of species or hybrids in the genus Musa of the family Musaceae. Some species such as M. Basjoo Sieb. & Zucc. of Japan and M. ornata Roxb., native from Pakistan to Burma, are grown only as ornamental plants or for fiber. M. textilis Nee of the Philippines is grown only for its fiber, prized for strong ropes and also for tissue-thin tea bags. The so-called Abyssinian banana, Ensete ventricosum Cheesman, formerly E. edule Horan, Musa ensete Gmel., is cultivated in Ethiopia for fiber and for the staple foods derived from the young shoot, the base of the stem, and the corm. Most edible-fruited bananas, usually seedless, belong to the species M. acuminata Colla (M. cavendishii Lamb. ex Paxt., M. chinensis Sweet, M. nana Auth. NOT Lour., M. zebrina Van Houtee ex Planch.), or to the hybrid M. X paradisiaca L. (M. X sapientum L.; M. acumianta X M. balbisiana Colla). M. balbisiana Colla of southern Asia and the East Indies, bears a seedy fruit but the plant is valued for its disease-resistance and therefore plays an important role as a ";parent"; in the breeding of edible bananas. M.......

Words: 15803 - Pages: 64

Blood Banana Case Study

...Case 6 KEEPING SUZANNE CHALMERS By Steven L. McShane, The University of Western Australia Thomas Chan hung up the telephone and sighed. The vice-president of software engineering at Advanced Photonics Inc. (API) had just spoken to Suzanne Chalmers, who called to arrange a meeting with Chan later that day. She didn’t say what the meeting was about, but Chan almost instinctively knew that Suzanne was going to quit after working at API for the past four years. Chalmers is a software engineer in Internet Protocol (IP), the software that directs fibre-optic light through API’s routers. It is very specialized work, and Suzanne is one of API’s top talents in that area. Thomas Chan had been through this before. A valued employee would arrange a private meeting. The meeting would begin with a few pleasantries, then the employee would announce that he or she wanted to quit. Some employees said they were leaving because of the long hours and stressful deadlines. They said they needed to decompress, get to know their kids again, or whatever. But that wasn’t usually the real reason. Almost every organization in this industry was scrambling to keep up with technological advances and the competition. Employees would just leave one stressful job for another one. Also, many of the people who left API joined a start-up company a few months later. These start-up firms can be pressure cookers where everyone works 16 hours each day and has to perform a variety of tasks. For......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Columbia Case

...out of the United Fruit Company, notorious in Latin America as a U.S. Army backed opponent to agrarian reform and agricultural workers' unions. Though later known as United Brands in 1970, and then Chiquita in 1989, business in Latin America has continued in similar veins. In 1928, several thousand workers of Colombia's banana plantations began a strike demanding written contracts, eight-hour days, six-day weeks and the elimination of food coupons. Military forces murdered thousands of United Fruit Company Workers who were protesting. [1] Throughout the 20th century, the company was infamous for using a combination of its financial clout, congressional influence and violent refusal to negotiate with striking workers to establish and maintain a colony of "banana republics" in Latin America. Often the CIA and the US Marines provided the company's muscle, as in the case of the overthrow of the populist Guatemalan president Jacobo Arbenz in 1953. [2] In 1975, a federal grand jury accused United Brands of bribing Honduran President Osvaldo Lopez Arellano with $1.25 million, with the promise of another $1.25 million later, in exchange for reducing taxes on banana exports. Lopez Arellano was removed from power, but later investigations revealed repeated bribes carried out by the company. [3] Subpoenas were also issued regarding possible payoffs in Italy, West Germany, Panama and Costa Rica. [4] In May of 1998, The Cincinnati Enquirer published a series of articles that......

Words: 3708 - Pages: 15

Blood Bananas – Chiquita in Colombia

...Blood Bananas – Chiquita in Colombia Introduction: Banana is a serious and a complicated business when it comes to producing and delivering it to the consumers all around the world. As most of the banana production takes a place in the tropics, the largest consumers are the U.S., the European Union and Japan. Chiquita, Dole and Del Monte who are also known as “the big three” control 60 percent of the global banana trade. Dole was founded in Hawai in 1851 and had reported revenues of US $6.9 billion in 2007, being the largest producer and marketer of high-quality fresh fruits and vegetables. Del Monte is one of the largest and well known producers, distributors and marketers of premium quality, branded food and pert products for U.S. generating US $3.4 billion in net sales in 2007. Chiquita which has been the largest employer in Latin America for many years, was founded 1899 and is known for revolutionizing the banana trade by using refrigerated ships for the first time. In 2007, Chiquita was the leading distributor of bananas In the United States with annual revenues of US $4.7 billion. Chiquita and terrorist ties Chiquita has been known as a rapacious multinational corporation for a long time. Company has been blamed for having farmers work for long hours in dangerous conditions, contaminating water with agrochemicals and harming tropical forests for expansion. Its operations in Colombia have been the most controversial topic for a long time due to the instability...

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

Bananas

...neutralize weak and strong acidic solutions using mixture of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings. 2. Specific Objectives: a. What is the pH of the weak and strong acidic solutions after incorporating mixture of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings? b. Which of the following mixture of different amounts of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings will best neutralize the pH of the acidic solutions? c. How long will the neutralization take effect on the pH of the acidic solutions once the mixture of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings is incorporated to the solutions? B) Hypothesis/Objectives: 1. The neutralization of pH of acidic solutions using mixture of different amounts of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings will significantly differ. 2. The neutralization of pH of acidic solutions using mixture of different amounts of ashes of banana leaves, banana peelings and potato peelings will not significantly differ. C) Methods/ Procedure (Describe in Detail): 1. Materials/ Equipments: The following materials and equipments will be used in the experimentation of the study: 12000ml (12L) of pure drinking water, 45 pieces of ripe bananas, 45 pieces of potatoes, 60 pieces of banana leaves, lemon, watermelon, disposable plastic......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

ES Global | Pazifikgeschwader 214 | Acessórios para laptop