Armenian Genocide

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ckf324
Words 671
Pages 3
Happened in a systematic fashion

First, the Armenians in the army were disarmed and killed

Second, the Armenian intellectual and political leaders were rounded up and killed on April 25, 1915

Finally, the remaining Armenians were rounded up from their homes, told they would be relocated, and then marched off to concentration camps in the desert where they would starve and thirst to death in the burning sun

The Armenians lost 300 years of history in the Genocide
Their churches, buildings, libraries, ect. were destroyed, and they were left with nothing but memories.

The Armenians were mistreated in every way possible during the genocide.
The Turks went to the extent of cutting off the hands of children and letting them bleed and yell themselves to death.

They buried children in ditches in the desert

They drove thousands of Armenians in death marches until they dropped dead or were shot

They planned to eliminated the entire Armenian Christian population living in Turkey, they killed about half

My name is Vartan Hartunian and I am the pastor of the First Armenian Church in Belmont, Massachusetts. I am one of a diminishing number of survivors of the Armenian genocide. I was born on February 11, 1915 and the genocide broke out on April 24, 1915.
In 1909 there was a massacre in Adana, and 30,000 Armenians were slaughtered. When World War I broke out, this gave the Young Turks the opportunity to fulfill a Turkish desire that had continued for centuries: to rid Turkey of all Armenians.
Even before I was born, the Turkish mayor of Marash, the city where I was born, called my father to his office and showed him the orders from Constantinople for the extermination of all the Armenian people. And this good mayor, this good Turk, pleaded with my father and said "What shall I do?" and my father told him to stay in office and to help him, his family…...

Similar Documents

Genocide

...glorimar c The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of hundreds of thousands of Rwanda's Tutsis and Hutu political moderates by the Hutu dominated government under the Hutu Power ideology. Over the course of approximately 100 days, or more, from the assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana on April 6 through mid-July, at least 500,000 people were killed, according to the estimate of Human Rights Watch.[1] Other estimates of the death toll have ranged between 500,000 and 1,000,000,[2] (a commonly quoted figure is 800,000), or as much as 20% of the total population of the country. In 1990 the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel group, composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda. The Rwandan Civil War, fought between the Hutu regime, with support from Francophone nations of Africa and France itself,[3][4] and the RPF, with support from Uganda, vastly increased the ethnic tensions in the country and led to the rise of Hutu Power. As an ideology, Hutu Power asserted that the Tutsi intended to enslave Hutus and thus must be resisted at all costs. Despite continuing ethnic strife, including the displacement of large numbers of Hutu in the north by the rebels and periodic localized extermination of Tutsi to the south, pressure on the government of Juvénal Habyarimana resulted in a cease-fire in 1993 and the preliminary implementation of the Arusha Accords. The assassination of Habyarimana in April 1994 was the proximate cause of the mass...

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Armenian Genocide

...Armenian Genocides Prashanth P. Samuel Professor Hicks History 116 The Ottoman Empire was a very powerful and influential force in the world during the early 19th century. As the empire was predominantly of Turkish decent, other minority groups started growing within the empire. Eventually it came to a period where the Ottoman Empire felt these minority groups such as the Armenians, Greeks, as well as the Assyrians were becoming to strong and felt they were threating the empire therefore they were persecuted and the mass killings of the Armenian people being. The purpose of this paper is to dive into the times of the Armenian genocides before during and after the April 24th 1915 genocide attacks on the Armenian people. The various sources and references used in this paper will explain the various situations the Armenian people faced and how this has correlated to other world events at the time and how this has affected Armenian people for generations to come. The first part which we will look at is determining if the mass killings of the Armenian people is considered genocide or not as the people of Turkey time and time again failed to recognize that it was genocide. The genocide convention in 1948 defined the word “genocide” as an incident which involves a significant number of dead, as similar to the number of dead during the 1915-1916 era. “On 12 March 2010, the Swedish Riksdag recognized the 1915 Genocide in Ottoman Turkey” (Avedian). As the Swedish have stated......

Words: 2605 - Pages: 11

Armenian Diaspora

...ARMENIAN DIASPORA The Armenian Diaspora is the Armenian communities who live in the outside of Republic of Armenia and de-facto independent Nagorno-Karabach Republic. Those people who live in abroad of their origin land mostly immigrated from Eastern part of Turkey after Ottoman Parliament passed the temporary ‘Tehcir Law’. This law authorized Ottoman Empire to the deportation of Armenian population located in the east part of Anatolia. The resettlement campaign resulted in the deaths of nearly 600.000- 1.500.000 civilians. According to Ottoman archives, the deportation started at March 2, 1915. On September 13, 1915; Ottoman Parliament also passed the law to capture all lands, homes, livestocks owned by Armenians to local authorities. While some historians claim that this was the first genocide of the 20th century, others claim that Ottoman Empire deported the Armenians for their safety, when the empire was so close to collapse. There consequent situtations led many Armenian people to immigrate to the different parts of world. The biggest Armenian population except Republic of Armenia is located in Russia as around 2,2 million. After Russia, United States is the second most populated Armenian diaspora, estimated around 1,4 million. Turkey, France and Georgia are also other countries that host many Armenian people. Moreover, Armenians spread whole over the world but in the case of diasporas; Russia, USA, France and Turkey’s Armenian diasporas are well known and very......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Genocide

...Jose Rivers Genocide Reflection First, what is a genocide? According to the Article II of the United States Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide is “any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculate to bring about its physical destruction in whole or on part; imposing measures intended to prevent birth within the group; forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.” In other words, genocide is when a group attempts to destroy or hurt mentally or physically a minority. The perfect example for a genocide is the Holocaust. Hitler and his followers wanted to get rid of “imperfect” people such as, Jews, homosexuals, Gypsies, disabled, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and anyone that he considered racially inferior. I believe in equality. We are all considered human beings and that massacre is against all morals. Hitler was just like any other human; he shouldn’t have had the power to decide who should live, or not. The Holocaust was a tragedy which we shall all remember around the world. Remember those innocent people killed by one person’s false belief. There are some situations going on now that the United Nations consider to be genocides. For example, the Darfur Genocide. This must......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Genocide

...Essay Genocide Genocide was the term that came out after the Nazi’s Holocaust of World War Two, but it was not the first incident of Genocide, or the last. During the Genocide Convention that followed World War Two it was agreed amongst the world leaders that genocide would “never again” occur in the world. Time has shown that this might have been an empty promise however, and this essay will review the laws being implemented by the United Nations to help prevent genocide, arguments about why humans kill, incidents of genocide and how genocide is defined and, of course, the victims of the violent crime known as genocide. Genocide is now defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as “[t]he deliberate and systematic extermination of an ethnic or national group”. The United Nations created a much broader and in depth definition in the Genocide Convention of 1948. They state that genocide is “…any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or part, a national, ethnical or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or part; imposing measures to prevent births within the group; forcibly transferring children of the group to another group”. Despite some flaws and loopholes in this definition, it covers the atrocities that occur during genocide quite well. Genocide has......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

The Armenian Genocide

...THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE “Kill every Armenian, women, children and men without concern for anything”~ Talaat Pasha, Ottoman Turkish leader. The Armenian Genocide, also known as the Armenian Holocaust was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects from their historic homeland in the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. It took place from April of 1915 to 1923 (during and after WWI), and was implemented in two phases: The wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and forced labor, and the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches to the Syrian Desert. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 1 million to 1.5 million. But people may ask why? Armenia had come largely under Ottoman rule during the 15th and 16th centuries. The majority of Armenians were grouped together under the name Armenian Millet (community) and they were led by their spiritual head, the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople. This community was made up of three religious denominations: The Armenian Apostolic, The Armenian Catholic and The Armenian Protestant, meanwhile the Turkish were Muslim. Basically the Armenian community were persecuted and killed by the Turkish because a religion matter. The Armenian Genocide it is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides. It have been pointed as an organized manner in which the killings were......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

What Is Genocide

...Dante Powell 1st Paper January 27, 2014 History 231 - Genocide Dr. Thomas Porter “What is Genocide?” The term genocide has been one of the most used terms in many on-going debates since the early 20th century. The Holocaust, which took place during World War II, is one of the most common cases of acts of genocide and is a main reason why the term genocide exists. Other widely known cases of genocide are the Rwandan genocide and the Armenian genocide. The question, however, that many historians and those with interests in genocide ask, is exactly what is genocide? Since first being “coined” by Raphael Lemkin, there have been several different definitions of the term. It is these different versions of a description of genocide that have led people to try to figure out what the correct form of the definition should be and how we can use it to try and prevent it from happening. When considering genocide and what it is, one must define it containing three aspects. A definition of genocide must have a mode, an object, and an actor. Initially, I would describe genocide as the intended mass killing of a specific group of people by another party for a desired result. However, there are problems with this definition. This definition is vague as it does not specify a type of reason behind the action being performed. If someone is to commit genocide, there must be a particular reason why an act as violent as this should be committed. Also, the definition does not say why......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Armenian Genocide

...The Armenian Genocide Throughout history genocide has taken place on more than one occasion, causing mass destruction and casualties. The most commonly known genocide is the Nazi Holocaust, but the one less commonly known with an equivalent amount of brutality is the Armenian Genocide, also known as the Armenian Holocaust. The Armenian Genocide seems to have been ignored and this can be due to the fact that today, Turkey still rejects that the massacre was ”genocide”. Genocide is the murder of an entire people (Levack 800). The United Nations estimates that about 1 million Armenians were killed as a result (Bass). Since the early 1900’s Turkey has been trying to hide the massacres, but this organized genocide should not be ignored because it became a model for future genocides. The Armenians lived in Turkey peacefully for years. The Armenians official religion was Christianity. Islam was the major religion in Turkey. Prior to the Genocide, the Armenians and Turkish people lived together without conflict. In 1908, a movement led to a new group coming to power. The new socialist power, the Young Turks, was formed by young military officers who were concerned about the loss of power in the Ottoman Empire. They worked under the secret police to overthrow the Turkish Sultan, Abdul Hamid II. The Muslims thought the Christians were nonbelievers and treated them unequal. Christians did not have the same legal rights and had to pay higher taxes. The Armenians continued to live...

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Genocide

...Introduction There is an extensive history of ethnic tension between the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda. The conflict and animosity between the two tribes ultimately led to the loss of over one million lives during the 1994 genocide. Michael Newdow made the following remarks concerning the cause of genocide: “People don't simply wake up one day and commit genocide. They start by setting themselves apart from others, diminishing the stature of those adhering to dissenting beliefs in small, insidious steps. They begin by saying, 'We're the righteous, and we'll tolerate those others.' And as the toleration diminishes over time, the inevitable harms are overlooked. It is for that reason that James Madison wisely wrote that 'it is proper to take alarm at the first experiment on our liberties'." (Michael Newdow 1) It is widely believed and stated that the 1994 Rwanda Genocide was started by the assassination of Hutu President Juvenal Habyarimana. However, the divide cause by the colonization and influence of Belgium can be seen as the underlying cause of genocide in Rowanda. http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide0.htm Body When Rowanda was awarded to Belgium after World War, part of German’s territory that was never a part of the Kingodm of Rwanda, was stripped and attached to Tanganyika. This forced people to live amongst tribes they were unfamiliar with. Still, the Tutsi power structure for administering the country remained in place. The government also provided the......

Words: 842 - Pages: 4

Genocide

...1. The Implausibility of Genocide Prevention That hatred soon leads to genocide. ... Lastly, Genocide cannot be prevented because the guarantee that everyone is not going to turn against the agreement to prevent future genocide is an unrealistic belief. ... Some may understand how one could disagree, arguing that genocide could be prevented. ... In conclusion, Genocide cannot be prevented. ... Therefore ge... Word Count: 1618 Approx Pages: 6  2. Rwanda RWANDARwanda: Genocide or Civil War? ... Unfortunately, it has happened, but do the conditions and outcomes warrant using the term genocide? ... The Convention on the Punishment and Prevention of the Crime of Genocide hammered out the statutes concerning genocide, which went into force January 12, 1951. ... There have been several ... Word Count: 898 Approx Pages: 4 Has Bibliography  3. Genocide Genocide will occur in the FutureMass genocides have taken place during the Holocaust, the Killing Fields, and Rwanda and many other tragic events. ... All of these genocides have occurred due to the failure of the international community. ... Did the United Nations stop this genocide? ... What happens when the threats of genocide come at their fingertips? &#... Word Count: 1647 Approx Pages: 7  4. Fighting to Stop Genocide This lasted about thirty years until the next large scale genocide in 1975, this is when the Cambodian genocide began. ... Genocide affects everyone, and it's best that......

Words: 637 - Pages: 3

Genocide

...Genocide Foundations Name Institution Affiliation Date Genocide Foundations Introduction Over the years, genocide studies receive positive and negative influences from both the cultural and political contexts. The two contexts have extensively influenced the view of genocide. The major view of genocide is that it is a domestic occurrence of states. On a literal perspective, various authors have contributed to the subject of genocide. The assignment looks to extensively explore the foundations of genocide based on book reviews. The paper will provide an in-depth analysis and reviews of three books on genocide, What is Genocide by Martin Shaw, Centuries of Genocide by Totten and On the nature of genocidal intent by Campbell. Shaw, M. (2007). What is Genocide? Cambridge: Polity Press. ISBN: 0745631827. Martin Shaw’s takes up the subject of defining genocide in all contexts. Through the book, What is Genocide, Shaw seeks to address two major issues related to genocide definition. • Unchanging definition of genocide • Reasons and need for changing definition of genocide Modern comprehension of the genocide ideology arises from a historical and contemporary viewpoint. It is evident over the years that the definition of genocide has undergone minimal change. In the book, the author offers key reasons for the unchanging definition of genocide while at the same time offering major......

Words: 3101 - Pages: 13

Armenian Genocide

...Bride in Armenian genocide Armenian genocide recognized by 22 Nations (including the Argentina), is an issue of high sensitivity that was always denied by Turkey. Francisco was the first Pope to verbally denounce that the Armenian people were “genocide". Exactly one hundred years ago, there began one of the most discussed event in the history of Turkey is the Armenian genocide. It is the killing of Armenian citizens during the First World War. The eventual happenings of those mass murders generated strong tensions with Turkey, by mentioning that the political heir of the Turkish Ottoman Empire responsible for the carnage (Smith 1-22).. But he refused to acknowledge the responsibility of academics, Governments and international organizations. The bodies of the women and children were basically the subject of protagonist discourses and the policies. The issue of belief in Armenian genocide and proof have brought the acceptance towards the continuing disputes that the crimes against the Armenian people were part of the many claims which were intended to target the Christian Armenians. During the Armenian genocide, Armenian women were owned and were forcibly kept as the wife and sex slave. This paper discusses the War bride in the Armenian genocide which had adverse effects afterwards. Body: The genocide definition corresponded to the nationalist government of the young Turks, who seemed to share the idea of equal citizenship with ethno-religious minorities (Greeks, Armenians......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

Genocide

...Final Paper Genocide Wade Harris HIS306: Twentieth-Century Europe Instructor: Fara Driver November 2nd, 2015 If anything could be described as a scar on the face of the twentieth century genocide would be that scar. Genocide is not the invention of those in the twentieth century, but rather the epitome, the refinement of a horrific act that the twentieth century has perfected. An act that has popular support and the backing of governments, so how can people who live side by side peacefully with others for so long suddenly flip and be able to kill their neighbors? Genocide is a series of choices, choices made by leaders to begin the killings, choices made by people to participate, and the choice to see something wrong and having the power to stop it, but choose not to. Many have written that it is deep seeded hatred passed on from generation to generation that always sits in the back of the minds of those committing genocide, things that may or may not have happened. Other scholars write that it is cultural differences that are ignored until a leader or group uses them for their own gain. (Churchill, R. P. 2014) Whatever the reasons, it is always the minority on the losing end, the bully mentality of a few whirling up hatred for someone else until everyone is in a frenzy and the rhetoric seems real, the threat conjured up is real, and the only action to keep things safe and secure is to remove the problem by any means. This is how genocide......

Words: 2605 - Pages: 11

Armenian Food in the Usa

...Armenian food in the USA The Armenian woman is expected to catch pride in her kitchen, and get ahead of this skill on to her daughters. Nutritionally, the Armenian diet is rich in dairy, oils, and red meats. It emphasizes subtlety of flavors and textures, with many herbs and spices. Given that so much time and effort is needed for marinating, stuffing, stewing, U.S. Armenian restaurants lean toward the expensive multi-course evening fare, not fast food or take-out. Traditional Armenian foods drop into two categories: the shared and the distinctive. The shared part of the Armenian diet is the Mediterranean foods widely familiar among Arabs, Turks, Greeks. This includes: Appetizers, for example: - humus - tabouleh - baba ganoush - madzoon. Next, main courses like: - pilaf (rice) - imam bayildi (eggplant casserole) - foule (beans) - felafel (vegetable fritters) - meat cut into cubes called kebabs for barbecue ( shish kebab) - boiling ( tass kebab ) - ground into kufta (meatballs) Thirty bakery and desserts like: - pita bread, - baklawa, -bourma, -halawi, -halvah, -mamoul, -lokhoom; and beverages like espresso or oghi (raisin brandy). The distinctive part of the Armenian diet is unlikely to be found outside an Armenian home or restaurant. This includes: Appetizers like: - Armenian string cheese, - manti (dumpling soup), - tourshou (pickled vegetables), - tahnabour (yogurt soup), - jajik (spicy yogurt), - basterma......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Armenian Genocide

...The Atrocities committed against the Armenian people of the Ottoman Empire during W.W.I. is called the Armenian Genocide. A genocide is an organized killing of a group of people to put an end to their existence. The Armenian Genocide was planned and administrated by the Turkish government against the entire Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire. The genocide was between the years 1915 and 1923 during W.W.I. The Armenians were deported, expropriated, abducted, tortured, killed and starved. A huge part of the Armenian population was forced to move from Armenia and Anatolia to Syria, where the majority was sent into the desert and to die of thirst and hunger. Large numbers of Armenians were massacred throughout the Ottoman Empire. W.W.I. gave the Young Turk government an excuse to carry out their plans of a genocide. The Armenian Genocide was masterminded by the Central Committee of the Young Turk Party which was dominated by Mehmed Talât , Ismail Enver , and Ahmed Djemal. They were a racist group whose ideology was articulated by Zia Gökalp, Dr. Mehmed Nazim, and Dr. Behaeddin Shakir. Armenians all over the world commemorate this great tragedy on April 24, because it was on that day in 1915 when 300 Armenian leaders, writers, thinkers and professionals in Constantinople were rounded up, deported and killed. Also on that day in Constantinople, 5,000 of the poorest Armenians were butchered in the streets and in their homes. Across the Ottoman Empire the same events happened...

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Curieux Bégin staffel 11 folge 13 deutsch stream | HP Laptop Notebook PC Windows 10 Intel Core Duo 2GB 14.1 Screen HD DVD Win 10 32$125 10d left | Acoustic Research