Aquinas Unlawful

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By RustySurf87
Words 703
Pages 3
Age limit? I’m a responsible citizen, so I follow the laws our country expects us to follow. However, I don’t think we should follow the law stating we must be 21 years or older to drink alcohol. First of all, our countries military is 18 years or older. Meaning, we have 18 year olds fighting for our freedom whom are declared responsible enough by our government to not only handle live firearms but end a persons life with said firearm. If our government believes them to be responsible enough for that then they should be responsible enough to consume alcohol. However, that has nothing to do with why Aquinas wouldn‘t agree with following this law. Aquinas believes a law should preserve life and ward off its obstacles. Not for the individual, but for the common good of all people. So I must ask myself, does putting an age limit on alcohol consumption help preserve life and ward off its obstacles for the common good? The answer is no. In no way does telling us when we can and can’t consume alcohol preserve life or ward off obstacles for the common good. When you consume alcohol you are the only one consuming this alcohol. You aren’t forcing anyone else to consume this alcohol. So, if you were to consume too much you would only be effecting yourself. If you were to do something stupid while under the influence you wouldn’t be effecting the population as a whole. As humans, in order to keep the human race going we need to reproduce. To aid in the success of keeping our race alive in well we need to properly raise our offspring and teach them how to reproduce. Consuming alcohol effects this in no way especially when we’re talking in terms of the common good for all people. If I were a father and I were to consume alcohol would it effect reproduction, the ability to raise the young, and teach them reproduction for the community as a whole? Not in the least bit.…...

Similar Documents

Buddha and Aquinas

...Buddha and St. Thomas Aquinas Western philosophy and Eastern philosophy differ in many different ways. Western philosophy was mostly based on logic whereas Eastern philosophy was more spiritual and often focused on achieving serenity within one’s self. Though they had very different foundations, there are some similarities that occur within individual philosophers. Buddha is one of the most famous philosophers of all time and greatly influenced all of Eastern philosophy. Saint Thomas Aquinas was one of few philosophers that believed in God and the more logical aspects of Western philosophies. Those these two philosophers seem very different upon initial inspection, similarities arise when you delve further into their beliefs. Buddha and Aquinas had some similar beliefs on actions. Thomas Aquinas believed that the intention behind a person’s action determines whether or not that action is morally good or bad. Buddha believed the same that the intention of an action determines whether or not that action is good or bad. Buddha’s belief is backed up by his eightfold path under the “Right Action” rule. Also, though they both held widely different beliefs on the afterlife and what happened once one died, they did seem to have similar thoughts on how people should behave in order to achieve the best possible afterlife possibility. Saint Thomas Aquinas believed that there was a natural law that guides us to our natural goal-happiness on earth. He thought that human law-laws......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Theory of Abstraction in Aquinas

... INTRODUCTION Thomas Aquinas held the view that human beings are born without any ideas in their minds, man only knows through the process of abstraction of the essences of particular things and forming them into universal ideas. Moreover, the problem of how we know things had been one of the major preoccupations of philosophers over the ages. The ostensive problem raised in an attempt to find out where human knowledge comes from has led to diverse views. Some believe that human knowledge comes from experience and that human beings are born tabula rasa. Others believe that human beings do not acquire knowledge from experience; rather human beings are born with knowledge which is called the innate ideas. In this essay, we intend to look into Thomas Aquinas’ views about abstraction. We shall do this as one should in philosophy by employing the tool of conceptual clarification. We will first attempt a definition of the meaning of the term abstraction and the types of abstraction. This will serve as a springboard for our exploration into the basic thought of Aquinas on the theory of abstraction. Second, we shall carry out a holistic examination of Aquinas theory of abstraction. Finally, we will conclude. 1. ABSTRACTION: A CONCEPTUAL ELUCIDATION. In ordinary language abstraction designates the attitude of someone who is detached from everyday life and does not account what is real. In Philosophy the term abstraction designates a specific operation of......

Words: 3416 - Pages: 14

St. Thomas Aquinas

...St.  Thomas  Aquinas  (c.  1225-­‐1274)   Biographical  Note     St.  Thomas  Aquinas  was  born  in  1225  at  the  castle  of  Roccasecca  in  the  Neapolitan   territory.  It  is  believed  that  the  castle  belonged  to  Aquinas’  father.  Thomas  Aquinas’  father   was  Count  Landulf  of  an  Italian  family,  however,  his  father  did  not  come  from  the  high   power  branch  of  the  family  but  simply  held  the  title.  Aquinas’  mother  was  Countess   Theodora  of  Theate,  comes  from  the  Rossi  branch  of  the  Neapolitan  Caracciolo  family,   which  is  a  noble  Norman  descent.     Aquinas  began  his  early  education  at  age  of  five  in  the  monastery  of  Monte  Cassino.  Later,   Aquinas  spent  some  time  studying  in  Naples.  Around  1243,  Aquinas  decided  to  join  the   Dominican  order;  however,  his  brothers  brought  him  back  to  his  parents  on  his  way  to   Rome  because  his  family  is  opposed  to  the  Dominican  order.  Aquinas  was  held  in  the  castle   of  S.  Giovanni...

Words: 1919 - Pages: 8

Aquinas Cosmological Argument

...Explain Aquinas’ Cosmological argument. Aquinas Cosmological argument is an attempted proof of the existence of God working from the undeniable fact that the universe exists. He formulated his argument in three ways. His first formulation of the Cosmological argument was the argument from motion. He argued that everything in the universe is in a state of constant motion and change. He saw change as the motion of an object turning from a state of potentiality into a state of actuality and thought that something must cause the object to change between these states. He goes on to say there must have once been something that performed the function of an unmoved mover; for were this not the case there could be nothing to set all other objects in the universe into their courses of motion and change. Therefore Aquinas concludes that this unmoved mover is what everyone else refers to as God. Aquinas second formulation uses the argument from cause. He argued that everything in the universe has an efficient cause, nothing is its own cause. Therefore everything is caused by something else. However there cannot be an infinite regression of causes because if there were no First Cause which was a sufficient cause of itself in itself then there could have been no following causes, and nothing would exist today. Because the universe does exist we must therefore accept the existence of an uncaused cause and this cause is God. Aquinas third formulation uses the argument from contingency.......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Aquinas and Plato: a Theoretical Comparison

...Aquinas and Plato: Of Souls and Men Question 2 “…since the rational soul is the proper form of man, there is in every man a natural inclination to act according to reason, and this is to act according to virtue. Consequently, considered thus, all acts of virtue are prescribed by the natural law.” (Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, p. 223) a. Analyze the passage and explain the meaning of natural law according to Aquinas. b. Compare this passage to Plato’s theory of ideas. To understand the concepts proposed in the assigned quote, this paper will first break down the quote into its individual statements. This independent analysis will then be utilized to find a core message in the quote as a whole, and ultimately to assist in understanding Thomas Aquinas’ view of natural law as a governing precept of human thought and action and in comparison to Plato’s theory of ideas. “…The rational soul is the proper form of man…” The first statement in the quote establishes what Aquinas sees to be as the essence of humanity. He understood the rational soul to be that aspect of the soul that creates reason. He understood reason to be the defining characteristic that separates man from other animals. Therefore, the rational soul being the mover that differentiates man, it is man’s proper form. He is making a judgment that since reason is what makes man unique it is also what man is, properly. The idea of form is important as well. Aquinas understood man to consist...

Words: 1498 - Pages: 6

Thomas Aquinas

...BACKGROUND St. Thomas Aquinas was philosopher and theologian. Hewas born circa 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy. He is the son of Landulph, count of Aquino and his mother, Theodora, countess of Teano. Thomas had eight siblings, and was the youngest child. Though Thomas's family members were descendants of Emperors Frederick I and Henry VI, they were considered to be of lower nobility. Combining the theological principles of faith with the philosophical principles of reason, he ranked among the most influential thinkers of medieval Scholasticism. An authority of the Roman Catholic Church and a prolific writer. In January 1274, St. Thomas Aquinas embarked on a trip to Lyon, France, on foot to serve on the Second Council, but never made it there. Along the way, he fell ill at the Cistercian monastery of Fossanova, Italy. The monks wanted St. Thomas Aquinas to stay at the castle, but, sensing that his death was near, Thomas preferred to remain at the monastery, saying, "If the Lord wishes to take me away, it is better that I be found in a religious house than in the dwelling of a layperson." On his deathbed, St. Thomas Aquinas uttered his last words to the Cistercian monks who had so graciously attended him: "This is my rest forever and ever: Here will I dwell for I have chosen it." (Psalm 131:14) Often called "The Universal Teacher," St. Thomas Aquinas died at the monastery of Fossanova on March 7, 1274. He canonized by Pope John XXII in 1323. Source:......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Anselm and Aquinas

...in existence it wouldn’t have any qualities with which to measure that thing’s positive or negative attributes. Considering the intrinsic non-perfection of existence, it really cannot be said unequivocally that existence trumps non-existence when non-existence is incomprehensible. Thomas Aquinas’ argument from motion is much more impressive. He asserts, first of all, that all things are in motion. All things that are in motion are moved by something else—nothing moves itself. Aquinas states: “what is actually hot cannot be simultaneously potentially hot; but it is simultaneously potentially cold. It is therefore impossible that in the same respect and in the same way a thing should be both mover and moved…” (389). He continues to say that this series of movements cannot go on infinitely. Logically, there would have to be a primary mover that tipped the first domino, so to speak (or, more accurately, brought the first particle of the first domino into existence). Otherwise, everything that we know wouldn’t exist at all—as there would have been nothing to set the first object that led to what we have now into motion. This “first mover”, Aquinas concludes, is God. As I contemplate Aquinas’ proof I can’t help but be reminded of what little I remember from eighth-grade science class concerning the Big Bang. To the best of my understanding, to accept the Big Bang theory one has to accept the idea that something can be created from nothing—even if you’re partial to the theory......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Aquinas on Charity

...There is an important relationship between knowledge and charity – that is, the knowledge of God possessed by the human creature and the connection it has to those developed acts of human charity (made possible partly because of that knowledge). First we can look at charity, briefly how it is in us and what it is in itself, and ultimately how its possession by the human creature is different from knowledge of God; second, we can suggest specific social implications that Aquinas’ account of charity is likely to have. How do we, as human creatures, go about acquiring charity? Charity itself is “not given [to us] according to natural capacities but according to the will of the Spirit distributing his own gifts…it altogether transcends human nature, [and] does not depend on any natural virtue, but solely on the grace of the Holy Spirit who infuses it” (Summa Theologica, II-II. Q. 24, 3). Charity, in this sense, is a part of our being; it is “based on a communication of a supernatural kind” – our communication with God (Summa Theologica, II-II. Q. 24, 2). Charity itself is infused in us, and “resides in the will” (Summa Theologica, II-II. Q. 24, 1). Moreover, it is necessary, if we are to love God properly, that “charity be infused into our hearts,” “because our affections are naturally inclined to what we see” and correcting these natural inclinations requires the prior will of God (Summa Theologica, II-II. Q. 24, 2). This prior will is of the utmost importance......

Words: 2518 - Pages: 11

Explain Aquinas' Cosmological Argument

...Explain Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument The basis of the cosmological argument is that the universe cannot account for its own existence. There must be a reason, the argument says, for the existence of the universe and the reason has to be something which is not part of the physical world of time and space. The cosmological argument was used by Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) in his five ways, which were ways of demonstrating the existence of God through inductive argument based on observation and evidence. In Aquinas’ view, knowledge of God could be reached in two ways; one through revelation for example, through the words of the Bible and the other is through our own human reason. Aquinas thought that if we applied reason to the evidence that we see around us then we would be able to reach valuable truths. To show that God exists, Aquinas had presented it through five ways because he was convinced that although the existence of God was not self-evident, it could be demonstrated with logical thought. He wrote about the five ways in his book Summa Theologica. Of Aquinas’ five ways, the first three are different alternatives of the cosmological argument. His version of the argument was based on two assumptions: the universe exists and there must be a reason why. This was used as a starting point to explain the fact that there must be an explanation of why anything exists. In his first way, Aquinas concentrated on the existence of change or motion in the world. He considered the......

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Kant and Aquinas

...Thomas Aquinas was an Italian priest who were the pioneers of theological teachings and famous for his Eucharistic hymns in church. Aquinas is a distinguished saint honored by the Catholic Church for his contributions in natural reasoning and several teachings of theology. The papal that undergo training go through his teachings and the pope of the Catholic Church has ordained him as the doctor of the church and the greatest philosopher and theologician of all times. Aquinas was considered a philosopher by his mates but he strongly objected and criticized other philosophers who pagans that the missed the massive wisdom available in the Christian revelations. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who formulated the theory of ethical deontology (Fagothey) Kant was a strong proponent of enlightenment rationalism which basically meant that for something to be good , it must be from a good will so and that the action just follows the will and the moral law. He also perpetrated the principle of universibility and strongly believed that for an action to be permissible by the society, must equally apply to all the people in the same manner and not biased. He also believed in the theories of perfect and imperfect duty and advocated that the perfect duty should an obvious thing in the eyes of the humanity such as committing murder is a criminal to both the mind and the soul and can be referred as a perfect duty. Imperfect duty such charitable works can be substantiated and simply......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Thomas Aquinas

...THOMAS AQUINAS Introduction Saint Thomas Aquinas is one of the most famous saints of the Catholic Church. He is called a 'Doctor of the Church' and was a theologian, and philosopher. His parents sent him to a monastery when he was five years old and his teachers were surprised by how quickly he learned and his great faith. But when Thomas announced that he wanted to become a Dominican, his family tried to stop him. His brothers captured him and locked him up in a castle. His mother, sister and brothers kept him there for two years. Thomas was a very big man with a kind and humble manner. Because he didn't talk very much, people thought he was stupid and therefore called him 'the ox.' When they heard him preach, however, everyone realized how wise Thomas really was. After he became a priest, Thomas studied in Paris and taught at universities in many cities of Europe. He wrote more than 40 books and several beautiful hymns. All of his work praises God and helped many people understand faith better. At the end of his life, Saint Thomas stopped writing and he had a vision of Heaven. Because of this experience, Thomas decided that compared to the great glory of God, his writing was 'like straw.' Three months later, on his way to see the Pope, he died. Thomas Aquinas’ Early Life and Eduacation He was born in Italy in 1225, the son of a count. When he was five years old, his parents send him to study with the Benedictines of Monte Casino. There, and later at the......

Words: 2468 - Pages: 10

Thomas Aquinas

...philosophers that have shaped our knowledge and understanding of the scriptures. In the following paragraphs we will examine the philosopher Thomas Aquinas. Thomas had a way of understanding God that you may or may not agree with but hopefully will learn about him in the paragraphs ahead. Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican theologian and philosopher that is believed by many to be one of the most influential thinkers of Scholasticism and is also know as the father of the Thomistic school of theology. Thomas Aquinas was born in the year 1225 in Roccasecca, in the Kingdom of Sicily also know as present day Italy. He combined the theological principles with the principles of reason and he is ranked by many as one of the most influential thinkers of medieval Scholasticism. Thomas was the son Landulf of Aquino and is believed to be born in his father’s castle. At the age of five Thomas began his education at Monte Cassino to train among Benedictine monks. He remained there until he was around the age of 13 when political tempers began to flare and that forced him to move to Naples. It was while he was studying at the Benedictine house in Naples that he was introduced to the work of Aristotle, Averroes and Maimondies, all of these philosophers made a great influence on his theological philosophy. In 1245 Aquinas was asked to be part of the Dominican religious and he accepted against his families will. By doing this he choose to live a life of poverty......

Words: 2371 - Pages: 10

Aquinas Sensation

...Erisa Hysi Human Philosophy 1311 Sept 07th, 2015 In the 17th question, Article 2, Aquinas is trying to answer the questions related to Falsity, its existence, and the relation to the truth. The question in the second article is more specific if the falsity exist in the sense. The view that Aquinas takes is a different view than the one that sees falsity as in interpretation of our sense data rather in the sense data themselves. Aquinas see falsity exist in the sense only to the extent that truth exists in them too. He says that falsity should be looked for in the senses only to the extent that the truth exists in them, so that we can only say that falsity exists in the senses when they apprehend things otherwise than they actually are. 1 The three ways that Aquinas identifies the likeness of a thing exist in the sense are; primarily and its own nature, secondly and its own nature, and accidentally. The argument that Aquinas arise is that senses can operate in many more ways than simply the apprehension of primary sensation. He seems to be arguing that senses are capable of preprocessing primitive sense data before presented to the intellect. Falsity can exist in the sense only when the sense organ itself is not working properly as he stated in the article: “Hence, for instance, it happens that on account of an unhealthy tongue sweet seems bitter to a sick person” In this case the sense organ itself is not receiving the sensible form correctly. Also,......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Aquina and Augustine

...Aquinas and Augustine Essay Individuals have their personal view of human nature and the ability to know “the good” and do “the good.” Augustine and Aquinas have their philosophy on human nature and the ability to know “the good” and do “the good.” Human nature is how we perceive the life of a human being and the characteristics that” make up” an individual. The ability to do well and know good depends on the individual and the goodness of God. Thomas Aquinas was one of the most important world Christian theologians that lived in the middle ages. He created his philosophy of human nature. Within his perception of human nature, he considered the true perception of human nature. In Aquinas’s Summa Theologian, he expresses what it’s like to be human or the essential features. Based on his views he used characters of human being to define humans. Character exist in all human beings. According to Aquinas, to be a human being has physical and mental unit factors. This means that to be human there must be a body and soul. A human is not made up of more of each factor, it is equally united to form a human being based on Aquinas perception. Soul is considered to be the principle of life in a human being. All humans have a soul and a body but none are alike. Although some of them are similar. Before Aquinas made his perception of human nature, he took in consideration Aristotelian conception of souls. This means that Aquinas considers a soul to be “the first principle of life in...

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Aquinas' and Dante's Common Ideals

...Aquinas’ and Dante’s Common Ideals While St. Thomas Aquinas established himself as the New Aristotle of the 13th century, Dante Alighieri established himself the new Virgil. The two men made an immense impact in their respective fields (poetry and philosophy). Yet surprisingly, the two share common ideals. In each of their respective literary and philosophical views, they establish the importance of the relationship between nature and grace. In Dante’s Inferno the unique relationship of grace and nature is made apparent and reflects the writings of Aquinas’ “Summa Theologica”. Dante’s pilgrimage through Hell, Purgatory and Paradise exhibit and reflect St. Thomas’ understanding of the relationship of nature and grace. Dante mirrors grace through Beatrice and reflects nature in Virgil. These symbolic representations show how Aquinas views are instilled in Dante’s writing. In St. Thomas Aquinas’ “Summa Theologica” he bases the relationship between nature and grace on the human purpose. Since we are all rational beings with an ultimate goal of reuniting with God, Aquinas’ believes that both grace and nature will allow us to achieve the human goal. Aquinas explains that reason and revelation parallel moral development of virtue and grace. Reason is something you can practice, much like the four cardinal virtues temperance, courage, justice, and wisdom. These three theological virtues faith, hope and love help you achieve grace. These virtues come from...

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

Android Apps | Download | Aftermath