Ancient African Tools

In: People

Submitted By Miller34
Words 281
Pages 2
African American Studies Project

* African Iron Metallurgy
A study of iron production across the continent and an understanding of how it influenced aspects of African archaeology. A lot diversity came from iron production, creating advanced farming techniques, deadly weapons, trade. * Techniques (Iron Production) * Iron ore is abundant in Africa making it easy to find. The process of make the ore into usable iron constisted of mining, beneficatiojn (separating the actual iron from the ore) travel, and smithing/forging. To separate, they would throw the ore into a high temp furnance along with charcoal. The temp. ranged from 1100 – 1200 degrees Celsius. The separate material is called bloom. It gets reheated then shaped to use. * Tools * They primarily used different types of hoes * Hoes were used to break up and dig soil * Wooden Hoes * Had wooden blades, used in light soil, with few rocks * Broke easily * Bound Hoes * Had an iron blade that was tied with a wire * Eventually it evolve into a hoe with an iron blade that Went through a wooden handle * Wound still break on impact * Socketed Hoes * Iron is folded into a tube then filled to * the handle * Most stable hoe * Digging sticks * A simple tool, basically a stick with a pointed tip * It’s used to make holes in the ground so seeds can be planted * Eventually they got iron tips that could be flattened and widened until they looked like hoes * Arrow-Head Digging sticks * A long handle with an arrow head tip, mostly used in the southern part of west Africa . * Some were made completely of iron * They also used shovels, spades, knives, sickles, and axes.…...

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