Abraham Maslow

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The Humanistic Theory of Abraham Maslow
Linda Cooper
Psychology 210

Abraham Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn New York. Although his parents were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia, they pushed him to excel academically. Without the approval of his parents, Maslow married his first cousin Bertha Goodman and they had two daughters. After studying law at the City College of New York, Maslow and his family moved to Wisconsin where both Maslow and Bertha attended the University of Wisconsin. Abraham Maslow received his BA, MA, and his PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin. After graduation, Maslow moved back to New York to begin his teaching career at Brooklyn College. During this time Maslow served as the chair of the psychology department with a German-Jewish physician and psychiatrist named Kurt Goldstein. Goldstein was the originator of the idea of self-actualization. Inspired by Kurt Goldstein’s idea of self-actualization, Maslow began his studies on humanistic psychology. Maslow’s influences also included psychologist Harry Harlow, Alfred Adler, Max Wertheimer and anthropologist Ruth Benedict (Soylent Communications, 2012).
Abraham Maslow was a psychologist and a humanistic theorist who was well known for his views on human motivation. During his studies on human motivations and humanistic psychology Maslow developed the Maslow's Hierarchy of needs. The hierarchy of needs theory is designed in the form of a pyramid. The pyramid is divided into five levels: Physiological needs, Safety needs, Belongingness and Love needs, Esteem needs, and Self-actualization needs. The basic needs are labeled on the lowest level. Each level of needs become important as the previous level of needs are satisfied. The more complex needs are labeled on the top level of the pyramid. (Boeree, 2006).
Abraham Maslow believed that these needs play a major…...

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